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15 Fin-tastic Facts About The Abei Puffer For Kids

Read these interesting and fun abei puffer facts

With over 30,000 species having tastebuds all over their body, this fish can taste even without opening its mouth. These cold-blooded vertebrates are classified into several families, genera, and subspecies. Similarly, the Tetraodontidae is yet another family comprising 200 species of pufferfish under 29 various genera. The members are also known as puffer, balloonfish, blowfish, globefish, swellfish, toadfish, honey toad, sugar toad, and sea squab. It is closely related to the porcupinefish but has thinner and hidden spines that are visible in a puffed body only. One of the species from the family Tetraodontidae is the abei pufferfish also called the puffer Pao, Thailand orange abei pufferfish, red-spotted abei pufferfish, or leopard puffer.

It is a freshwater puffer belonging to the order Tetraodontiformes and is found in the freshwater river and brackish water of Southeast Asia. While Thailand is reported to be the type locality of the puffer Pao, it also inhabits India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar. This fish primarily resides in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya River, and Mae Klong River, using gestures to communicate. It is a wild aggressive fish however it is quite adaptive to an aquarium or a water tank with excellent filtration and at least 40 gal (151 l) of water if kept in captivity. Abei puffer fish are molluscivores and opportunistic piscivores with beak-like teeth to break the shell of the prey.

If the uniqueness of the abei puffer makes you interested to read more about similar species, you can read about the redear sunfish and the African lungfish.

Abei Puffer Interesting Facts

What type of animal is an abei puffer?

The abei puffer is a freshwater puffer residing in river basins in Southeast Asia. It was first documented by an American ichthyologist, Tyson Royal Roberts, in 1998. It is also known by several vernacular names like Pao abei puffer, puffer Pao, and orange abei puffer. Also, the binomial name of the pufferfish has a couple of synonyms including Pao abei, Tetraodon abei, and Monotrete abei.

What class of animal does an abei puffer belong to?

The abei pufferfish or puffer Pao (Pao abei) belongs to the kingdom Animalia, phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, order Tetraodontiformes, family Tetraodontidae, and the genus Pao.

How many abei puffers are there in the world?

The population of orange abei puffer or puffer Pao fish residing in the Mekong, Chao Phraya, and Mae Klong river basins in Southeast Asia is not known Also, the pufferfish is listed as Least Concern under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and is one of the fish speculated to be quite adaptive to an aquarium or a tank with abei puffer minimum tank size of 40 gal (151 l) of water.

Where does an abei puffer live?

The orange abei puffer lives along the river basins of India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and Thailand. They live primarily in the Mekong River, Chao Phraya river, and Mae Klong River. Also, the orange abei puffer or puffer Pao is kept in an aquarium or tank and is also known for its adaptive behavior.

What is an abei puffer's habitat?

The orange abei puffer habitat comprises freshwater rivers and brackish water. The puffer Pao, or the orange abei puffer, is speculated to live within a temperature range from 70-80 F (21-26.6 C). This fish is pretty comfortable within 75-78 F (24-25.5 C).

Who do abei puffers live with?

While the orange abei puffer or the puffer Pao live a solitary life, the fish can be kept in an aquarium or tank with fast swimming fish of considerable size as the abei puffer may prey upon small fish as they are opportunistic piscivores.

How long does an abei puffer live?

Abei puffer adaptation speculates a healthy and long life for the fish. While the fish can live for several years, they can live even longer if provided with excellent abei puffer care. Also, the fish may survive longer if kept in an aquarium or tank rather than in wild freshwater.

How do they reproduce?

There is limited information available related to abei puffer sexing. Reproduction in freshwater is speculated to vary in wild freshwater puffer fish. The abei puffer female is recorded to become plumper before spawning as she stores the abei puffer egg inside her.

What is their conservation status?

This wild species of puffers, orange abei puffer or puffer Pao, is listed as Least Concern under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Also, this aggressive fish is a rare yet common species kept in an aquarium or tank and speculated to live a healthy life. While there is limited information available related to the fish, no major threats are recorded so far. It is at no risk of being Endangered at the moment.

Abei Puffer Fun Facts

What do abei puffers look like?

The abei puffer is a colorful fish. It has a brown-gray pelage with irregular pale spots of orange and red color all over its body. You can see spots that are primarily orange in several live specimens. The fish has beak-like teeth helping them to break the shell of the prey.

We've been unable to source an image of abei puffer and have used an image of stellate puffer instead. If you are able to provide us with a royalty-free image of abei puffer, we would be happy to credit you. Please contact us at [email protected]

It is an oval-shaped puffer with a gray-white pelage and black spots over its body.

How cute are they?

Whether these puffers are cute or not is subjective as they are traditionally considered scary.

How do they communicate?

With limited information available related to this fish, deciphering the communication mechanism of this fish is a challenging task. This fish may communicate using gestures.

How big is an abei puffer?

The size of the abei puffer range from 2.5-5.5 in (6-14 cm). It is twice the size of the white cloud mountain minnow.

How fast can an abei puffer swim?

The wild fish, abei puffer, is a considerable swimmer but the swimming speed is not known.

How much does an abei puffer weigh?

The weight of the abei puffer is unrecorded, while a whale shark is recorded to have the maximum size and weight recorded among marine creatures.

What are the male and female names of the species?

The abei puffer male and female do not have names for the different sexes.

What would you call a baby abei puffer?

The abei puffer baby can be called a fry or juvenile.

What do they eat?

The abei puffer diet comprises insects, mollusks, and crustaceans including snails and shrimp. It is an aggressive fish that also preys upon other small fish in brackish water or freshwater.

Are they poisonous?

While puffers from the family Tetraodontidae are speculated to possess poison, no data confirms whether the abei puffer is poisonous or not.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, the abei puffer is quite adaptive to an aquarium or tank if kept in captivity. While the fish is wild and aggressive, the abei puffer tank size should carry up to 40-50 gal (151-189 l) of water with excellent filtration. A proper diet is also needed comprising insects, mollusks, and crustaceans including snails and shrimp.

Did you know...

The abei puffer or puffer Pao is found in Chao Phraya, Mekong, and Mae Klong river basins in Asia. It has also been introduced to various countries across the globe as it is kept as a pet in an aquarium or tank with special requirements. Most importantly, the aquarium size should be large enough to carry up to 40-50 gal (151-189 l) of water and also ensuring a healthy diet comprising insects, mollusks, and crustaceans including snails and shrimp.

Every species plays a significant role in the ecosystem, however the abei puffer does not have a specific role recorded so far.

How did abei puffer get their name?

There is no specific reason for the abei puffer name.

What adaptations do abei puffers have?

Abei puffer adaptations mean that this fish can survive in captivity. This fish has an aggressive temperament and is able to survive peacefully in captivity in an aquarium or tank. In general, the pufferfish is speculated to ingest a huge amount of water with a highly elastic stomach.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other fish from our river chub facts and ladyfish facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable abei puffer coloring pages.

Main image by Karelj

Second image by Richard Ling

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