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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 06, 2021

21 Pawfect Facts About The Doberman Dog Kids Will Love

Doberman facts about the famous guard dog breed with a devoted temperament.

Widely recognized for its athletic style, intelligence, and loyalty is the breed of Doberman. Classified under the group of working dogs, the Doberman Pinscher is a sleek, medium to large-sized canine with a compact and muscular physique. This breed is a mix of a Rottweiler, smooth hair German Pinscher, and a black and tan terrier. Originally bred as a guard dog, Doberman Pinschers possess a sharp mind to match their noble personality. The roots of these pet dogs can be traced to 19th century Germany, where the tax collector  Louis Dobermann experimented with the aim of rearing a breed of brave, loyal, alert, and intelligent. Dobermann was rewarded with a category of incomparably fearless, intelligent, and vigilant companion in the form of Doberman dog breeds. Eventually, the tax collector's dog was introduced to the United States.

The popularity of the European Doberman breed magnified over time. In fact, the cost of owning a Doberman during the World Wars was so high that these members of the Canidae family were only possessed by the military, the police, and the wealthy. As of today, the Doberman Pinscher makes great service dogs, family dogs, police dogs as well as therapy dogs. Read and carry on to learn some amazing facts about these groups of canines. Afterward, do check our other articles on English bulldogs and Catahoula bulldogs as well.

Doberman Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Doberman?

Doberman Pinscher dog is a medium to large-sized canine breed belonging to the class Mammalia. It is one of the most loyal and protective dog breeds with a lean yet powerful build, keen intelligence, and elegant personality. This dog breed has been named after the developer of the breed, Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who created this pet dog breed by crossing the German Shepherd, and German Pinscher. Doberman were originally bred as guard dogs. The family of Doberman Pinscher beholds worldwide popularity and is also known by a number of other designations such as Dobe, Dobie, Doberman, and Warlock Doberman.

What class of animal does a Doberman belong to?

Doberman Pinscher belongs to class Mammalia; that is, vertebrate organisms that are characterized by the presence of milk-producing mammary glands by which the females feed their young, body is covered with fur or hair, presence of a neocortex (a region of the brain), and three middle ear bones. Doberman is a medium to large-sized canine with a muscular physique and fierce appearance. However, deceptive to their appearance, Dobermans can be extremely loving, playful, and friendly in nature, depending on their training. This dog breed is a mix of parent breeds, German Shepherd and German Pinscher.

How many Dobermans are there in the world?

No accurate number has been allotted to the total global population of Doberman Pinschers by The Doberman Pinscher Club of America. However, what can be precisely predicted is that this dog breed stands far from extinction. The total population of Dobermans differs, largely depending on factors such as their habitat, environment, climatic conditions, nutrition, and health factors. These pet dogs, aligning to the general demands of any surviving species, calls for proper care, attention, exercise, and training in order to keep them healthy and fit.

Where does a Doberman live?

The Doberman Pinscher, belonging to a group of athletic dog breeds, can easily adapt to homes with a backyard and on farms. Besides homes, dog care, and rescue houses, a Doberman Pinscher dog can also be located at numerous organizations such as dog shows, therapies, and police dog training camps. Also, though these dogs are quite energetic, Dobermans adapt quite easily to apartment living arrangements as well. However, dogs of this breed are couch potatoes and require regular mental as well as physical enhancement. Therefore factors such as the availability of spaces like a nearby park or homes with backyards are quite appreciable to keep Dobermans active.

What is a Doberman's habitat?

Doberman Pinscher is a group of canines whose roots can be traced back to the year 19th century Germany. Later on, that is, almost a decade later, these dogs were introduced to the United States. As of today, Doberman Pinschers are a popular dog breed listed amongst the world's best guard dogs. The ideal habitat conditions of Doberman Pinschers include sufficient space for these athletic dogs to stretch their muscles. However, as long as Dobermans can be provided with sufficient space such as a nearby park for a regular runs, these canines can settle well in small apartments as well.

Who do Dobermans live with?

Born with natural protective instincts, Dobermans are loyal, intelligent, and courageous dogs. However, Dobermans are not for everyone; that is, these canines require active supervision and training.  However, Dobermans are extremely loyal, protective towards their humans. In fact, this dog breed can make for wonderful family dogs, settling well with kids, senior members, or other pets if these pet dogs are made to socialize and adapt from a young age. Doberman Pinschers are not stranger friendly; these pet dogs are highly suspicious and alert around strangers.

How long does a Doberman live?

When and if the family of a Dobie can maintain its health and ensure optimal conditions for its health, the Doberman can have a life span of 10-12 years. The health conditions of this pet dog breed vary depending on various factors such as climate conditions, surroundings, changes in the environment, exposure to diseases, and nutrition. When suffering from any kind of health disorder such as Von Willebrand's disease, the maximum life span of 12 years of these pet dogs is affected, leading to shorter longevity.  In order to prevent any health issues, it is important to keep this dog breed in the proper surroundings and conditions. Also, in the case of the Doberman dog breed, regular exercise to supplement them mentally and physically is highly beneficial.

How do they reproduce?

Doberman Pinscher, much like other breeds of dogs, reproduces when the male and female members of the species come of age; that is, the male members are tall enough to carry out copulation and females with the onset of the heat cycle. Females reach sexual maturity between the age of two to three years, while males attain sexual maturity at the age of three years. The heat period for most female Dobermans, much like that of other large dogs, is only about once a year or on a half-yearly separation basis. These periods of heat generally last for three to four weeks every time. It is during these periods of heat that male Doberman or dogs will be sexually attracted to the female Dobies and will attempt to initiate procreation with her. During the heat cycle, swelling in the vulva and blood discharge can be noted in female Doberman. This phase is followed by the female Doberman becoming receptive to the male (usually attracting them by releasing pheromones), which lasts for about 3-11 days. During the female heat cycle, the males are attracted by certain hormones and scents produced by female dogs. Ideally, when the female Doberman is ready to mate, the male dog will initiate it, and the female will willingly participate. However, when the female is not quite ready to proceed with sexual intercourse, she will not allow the male dog to initiate it and could get aggressive and snappy. The gestation period can range between 60-68 days, and thereafter, the female gives birth to an average litter size of about 6-10 Doberman puppies.

What is their conservation status?

Doberman Pinscher dog breed has a conservation status of least concerned species since this German Shepherd, and German Pinscher hybrid is a group of infamous guard dogs and amongst one of the most popular breeds in the whole world for pet choices. Ergo, their high demand in the pet dogs market ensures that their numbers do not dwindle, and breeders can cater to the demands by ensuring appropriate and healthy breeding practices. The population of this dog breed keeps increasing as the female Doberman Pinscher gives birth to a litter of new puppies. In fact, it can be safely pointed out that the population of Doberman Pinscher is quite steady and rapidly growing.

Doberman Fun Facts

What do Dobermans look like?

Doberman is one of the most popular breeds of pet dogs.

Categorized as medium to large dogs, purebred Doberman Pinschers are morphologically adorned with a compact, muscular build, and square frame.  Their physique is particularly adapted for swiftness and endurance. Precisely proportioned for strength, the sturdy frame of Doberman Pinschers consists of a muscular and arched neck (which broadens towards the merge of the nape with shoulders), long head resembling a blunt wedge, and a long narrow muzzle. Cropped and erect Doberman ears aligning the flat, broad fat top of the skull can be observed in this dog breed. Dobie possesses strong jaws with the upper fangs overlapping the lower sets of teeth. The rear anatomy of Doberman Pinschers is tapered with broad hips and muscled lions, and they have a deep muscular chest. The belly of these canines is flattened and tucked up. The hindquarters of Doberman Pinschers are a little more sturdy and broader than the forelimbs; however, overall, both are similar and sinewy with heavy bones.  The hide of the Doberman dog is adorned with short, close-lying hair imparting them a smooth and glossy textured coat. The skin of these dogs is taut and compact, with almost zero extra fats. Doberman Pinschers possess almond-shaped eyes and long tails; however, generally, the tail is docked by the breeders. Doberman Pinschers are available in a number of tones such as black (with rust marking), blue, white, red, fawn, or a combination of the above-mentioned tones. Additionally, a variety of patterns and markings are also observed. Some of the most popular variations of Doberman colors are red Doberman, blue Doberman, and white Doberman.

How cute are they?

Generally, the members of the Canidae family are cute with their mesmerizing, soulful eyes; however, Doberman Pinschers are rather elegant and graceful than cute. Delusive to their fierce appearance, these canines are intelligent, loyal, and friendly pooches that get along well with kids. Despite the stereotype, this dog breed makes for wonderful and friendly family dogs with a friendly temperament.

How do they communicate?

Like all other members of the Canidae family, the Doberman Pinscher communicates using body language, tail movements, and barks or whines at other times. However, they are not known to bark a lot.

Happiness, like all other dog breeds, is communicated using tail-wagging movements. When the Doberman Pinscher wags its tail fast, it usually means it is excited and in a playful mood. Slow wags often indicate that the Doberman is expecting some movement or engagement from its surroundings. When a Doberman Pinscher lies down on its back, it is a call for you to show your affection by scratching its belly. Other forms of communication, such as loud barks and growls, are used by them when they feel aggressive about something. Whines are reserved for times when these pooches feel distressed. This distress could be caused by external factors such as an uncomfortable presence or an unfamiliar location or internal factors such as bodily discomfort. Doberman Pinscher can be fierce breeds of dogs and possess a tendency to bare their teeth when these pets feel aggressive. The females are known to be more aggressive than males, who themselves are quite aggressive dogs. Some lesser-known communication styles involve the licking of its own face, paws, and body when the Doberman Pinscher is mentally or emotionally distressed and is uncomfortable with something it needs to do.

How big is a Doberman?

Doberman Pinscher ranges from medium to large in size. These members of this dog breed are categorized under a large breed of dogs. With their long, sleek, slender, yet robust build, dogs of this breed are twice the size of a chihuahua. Sexual dimorphism in terms of size is observed in breeds of Doberman Pinscher. The males standing at 26-28 in (66-71 cm) are slightly larger than their female counterparts at 24-26 in (61-66 cm). A one-year-old Doberman is considered to be fully grown. Deceptive to their large, sturdy, and fierce façade, Doberman Pinschers can be friendly and loving.

How fast can a Doberman run?

Reared originally for guarding purposes, the Doberman Pinscher dog is popularly recognized among the finest protection canines in the world. Doberman Pinscher possesses athletic, muscular builds and is classified amongst the fattest dog breeds in the world. Making to the acclaimed list of the fastest runners, the top speed of Doberman Pinscher ranges between 32-35 mph (51.4-56.3 kph).

How much does a Doberman weigh?

Doberman Pinscher is an athletic dog breed, ranging from medium to large size. Long-limbed with a compact, muscular build, powerful anatomy, and almost negligible amounts of body fat, this flat-footed dog's weight ranges between 60-100 lb (27-45 kg) (or above) in terms of weight. Females are generally smaller, weighing about 60-90 lb (27-40 kg), while the male members of Doberman Pinscher canine breeds are usually 75-100 lb (34-45 kg). Weight management is essential to manage various health conditions.

What are the male and female names of the species?

Doberman Pinschers are members of the Canidae family. The males are known as dogs, while the females are referred to as bitches.

What would you call a baby Doberman?

The offspring of Doberman Pinschers are referred to as puppies. On average, the observed litter size of the Doberman ranges between 6-10 puppies. The babies of these canines, with their beautiful and soulful eyes, glossy coats, and sleek appearance, are adorable sites to behold. In order to raise healthy pooches, the puppies should be introduced to nutritious diets consisting of the right amount of proteins and fibers. The puppies of Doberman Pinschers should be looked after and taken care of properly; while raising these pooches, it is necessary to remember that a healthy childhood is a solid foundation for a hale and hearty future. As it is an active breed, two hours of exercise is required daily for a Doberman puppy. A Doberman puppy will need dog food, food and water bowls, a collar and leash, toys, bedding, a crate, and grooming tools.

What do they eat?

The diet of the German Doberman Pinschers differs and depends on a number of factors such as size, build, metabolism, age, activity level, and weight. A nutritious diet, with particular consideration of proteins, fat, and calories ( though in not excessive amounts), is highly recommended for this companion dog breed. Besides egg, meat, and chicken, fruits like bananas, watermelons, and apples, and veggies such as green beans, cooked potato, cucumber, carrots, and zucchini can be included in the diet of Greyhounds. In the case of dry food, quality products such as kibble can be used. Overfeeding should be avoided at all costs in order to prevent exposure of these canines to obesity. Human food should be given after proper research and recommendation from vets as it can affect their coat, skin, etc. Usually, the adult Doberman Pinschers, belonging to a category of large dogs, are fed about twice a day, with male members entailing about 2.5-4 cups and females to about 1.5-3 cups of dry food.

Are they slobbery?

Dobermans do slobber a bit; that is, these members of the Canidae family have a reputation for drooling tendencies.  In general, when the Dobie experiences heat and tiredness after physical exertion, you will find that these are the times when the drooling will be at its peak levels. Dobermans are basically a category of dogs rated moderate in the slobbery departments. Therefore if you are looking forward to and interested in owning an extremely loving, protective, intelligent, and loyal companion, you can do well ignoring a little drooling of the pet breed.

Would they make a good pet?

Though Doberman Pinschers have come far from their original, fierce instincts, these dogs were originally reared to be a group of large, intimidating, and guarding dogs known for their barking. However, over time, the breeders worked on incorporating moderate temperament, and as of now, Doberman Pinschers are known to be loyal, highly intelligent, loving, and playful breeds of canine. These canines are natural protectors, and though now Dobermans exhibit toned down temperaments, it is absolutely necessary to train and socialize them from a young age. Following proper training, Doberman Pinschers can make great pet options as Dobermans settle well with kids, senior members as well as other pets like cats in the family, with proper training. Doberman rescue dogs are extremely popular for helping physically challenged individuals. However, Doberman Pinschers are extremely wary of strangers animals as well as humans, particularly when threatened. Doberman Pinschers make for an excellent pet for owners who are well-versed and experienced with dogs. It is generally not recommended to first-time pet parents. The price in the US for a purebred Doberman ranges between $1,000-$2,500, based on the reputation of the breeder. The price for a Doberman mix dog will be slightly lower than a purebred dog. The best method for choosing a Doberman puppy is to perform basic research, a visual inspection of the entire litter, and basic temperament tests on every puppy. Dobermans love to get in the water and splash around to keep their body cool.

Did you know...

Though originally reared in the 1880s, the Doberman dog breed made it to the list of the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1908. However, following its recognition, these canines continue to reign on the list as the finest guard dogs in the world.

Actively working during the world war, the famous canine Cappy, who is popularly recognized and remembered for saving the lives of 250 U.S. Marines by alerting them to the Japanese attack, was a proud member of Doberman Pinscher's family. They have also been used as hunting dogs.

Doberman Pinschers canine breeds have been quite actively represented in numerous works of fiction such as 'K-911', 'Oliver and Company', and more.

While Doberman dogs have been included in security forces, they are not dangerous to family members. They also love to splash in the water and have fun.

Doberman dogs are often mixed with Rottweilers, Great Danes, Poodles, Collies, etc.

Since Doberman dogs have a single-layer, short-haired coat, it is advisable to make them wear a coat during colder months.

In order to take care of a Doberman puppy, you must provide weekly grooming, two-hour exercise daily, and healthy dog food.

Doberman dogs are prone to separation anxiety and are very sensitive. It is advisable not to leave them alone for more than eight hours.  A male and a female Doberman dog can easily live together.

Purebred Doberman dogs are healthy dogs that have a long and square head with flat cheeks and a muscular frame.

Dobermans are some of the smartest dog breeds in the world. In fact, they are the fifth most intelligent dog breed according to their IQ.

When a Doberman dog is comfortable and resting, they may cross their legs. These guard dogs get along well with other dogs and cats.

From which country does the Doberman originate?

Doberman Pinschers was originally reared in Germany during the 1880s. Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a tax collector in the town of Apolda, Thuringia, with the aim to rear a category of canines that were fierce, large, intimidating, smart, and possessed a courageous will to defend its owner, experimented and bred Doberman Pinschers. Following the introduction of this large smart, and courageous tax collectors dog, the National Doberman Pinscher Club established by one of the earliest breeders, Otto Goeller, continued to rear  Doberman Pinschers breeds. As of today, Doberman Pinschers are amongst one the finest guard dogs, with massive popularity worldwide.

How to train a Doberman?

To make wonder pooches of Doberman Pinschers training is an utmost important aspect of raising them. The primary way to begin is to approach the canines through mild verbal commands and visual cues that can later be followed by reinforcement. Doberman Pinschers are an extremely intelligent dog breed born with the instinct for guarding. Therefore these dogs highly appreciate and look forward to guidance from their owner. Also, these pooches are excellent pupils and catch up fast. To put it simply, the basic training of Doberman Pinschers includes:

Instill the desired command with the help of visual cues and firm but friendly verbal communication.

Bring forth the desired action by repeating the command again and again.

On the performance of the action (whether fully or even partially), praise and reward your canine. You can reward them with dog biscuits, kibble, etc.

Repeat the desired commands and actions with increasing the standard for praise and reward each time.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals from our basset hound facts and Alaskan husky facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our Doberman coloring pages.

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