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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 05, 2021

Dwarf Caiman: 15 Facts You Won’t Believe!

Dwarf caiman facts shed light on this predator.

Want your child to enhance his knowledge about animals? Why not learn about crocodilians? You may introduce them to the dwarf caimans!

This crocodilian was first described in 1807 by Cuvier. Their scientific name, Paleosuchus palpebrosus, refers to the bony scales and prominent eyelids of the species. These crocodilians are well-known terrestrial and aquatic predators. They are freshwater crocodilians and do not like brackish waters. The species has a thriving population. These predators are among the least studied New World crocodilians. Mostly found near rivers, they are well adapted to living on land as well. They are known to cover miles in search of water. They have developed a tolerance towards lower temperatures and are associated with folklore in certain cultures.

Like reading about this reptile? Want to know more? Read on!

If you like reading about this, you may also like reading about caiman lizards and black caimans.

Dwarf Caiman Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a dwarf caiman?

This caiman is a crocodilian belonging to phylum Chordata, order Crocodylia and species P.Palpebrosus.

What class of animal does a dwarf caiman belong to?

The crocodilian species belong to the class Reptilia, that is, it is a reptile.

How many dwarf caimans are there in the world?

The exact number of dwarf caimans has not been assessed. They are thought to be abundant in the wild.

Where does a dwarf caiman live?

Dwarf caimans are found in tropical rain forests, marshes, swamps, rivers, streams, savannahs, and grasslands.

What is a dwarf caiman's habitat?

Cuvier's dwarf caimans are widespread throughout Northern and Central South America.

Who do dwarf caimans live with?

The dwarf caiman's nature is solitary. They are found in pairs only when they are mating.

How long does a dwarf caiman live?

In captivity, they are known to live for a long time. On average, their lifespan is 35 to 40 years. Some have been known to live up to 60 years in captivity!

How do they reproduce?

Mating takes place when the dry season is nearly over at night. The male performs the mating ritual of holding their tails vertically and their heads high. After mating the animals stay in the water for some time. The female is responsible for building the nest in burrows for the family with vegetation. The female lays 10 to 25 eggs in one clutch and the gestation period is 90 days. That means after 90 days the young ones hatch out of their eggs and are received by the female. The young are covered in mucus when they are born. The nest stays well hidden so that the eggs are not hunted by other inhabitants of the forests. The mothers are fierce protectors. The females stay with the young of the species for some weeks in which they are taught how to hunt for themselves or swim in shallow water. In the wild, the females breed once annually.

What is their conservation status?

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, the dwarf caiman is classified as of Least Concern. Dwarf caimans are classified in the list as Least Concern as the caiman's population is stable. It is listed under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Appendix II.

Dwarf Caiman Fun Facts

What do dwarf caimans look like?

A beautiful cuvier's dwarf caiman!

The dwarf caiman has a dark brown hide. It has a skull that is like a dome in shape and a short and concave snout. It has bony plates and strong body armor. The upper jaw extends forward to cover the lower jaw, encasing their extremely strong teeth, of which they have a total of 80. Their neck is slender and their pupils are formed of vertical slits while their irises are brown. Their dermal scales, or osteoderms, have a bony base. They have both rigid as well as enlarged scales. There are dark marks on their lower jaw.

How cute are they?

The young ones are cute but the same cannot be said about the adults!

How do they communicate?

Their communication is mainly acoustic. They may also communicate using visual and chemical channels. The acoustic form of communication is especially important for survival. This is because the juveniles try to reach for their mother and siblings using this form.

How big is a dwarf caiman?

The dwarf caiman is the smallest crocodilian in the world. The male is up to 6.7 ft (2.0 m) in length. The female is up to 4.9 ft (1.5 m) in length. They are smaller than crocodiles and alligators. Cuvier's dwarf caiman is smaller than Schneider's dwarf caiman.

How fast can a dwarf caiman swim?

These reptiles can swim pretty fast! Dwarf caimans can swim in torrid currents and reach up to 30 miles an hour in the water.

How much does a dwarf caiman weigh?

The adult male dwarf caiman weighs up to 40 lb (20 kg). The adult female dwarf caiman weighs up to 26 lb (12 kg).

What are the male and female names of the species?

The male and the female of the dwarf caiman, Paleosuchus palpebrosus, do not have different names as such.

What would you call a baby dwarf caiman?

Baby Cuvier's dwarf caimans are called hatchlings!

What do they eat?

The dwarf caiman, Paleosuchus palpebrosus, is a carnivorous animal. They feed on aquatic animals and terrestrial animals. Dwarf caimans may also be called piscivores as they feed mainly on fish and insects. They feed on small fish, big fish, small mammals, amphibians, crabs, mollusks, invertebrates, crustaceans, snails, tadpoles, frogs, beetles, and birds. They are not fussy eaters!

Are they poisonous?

It has a bite ranging 3700 psi, powerful enough to break the bones of human beings but they are not poisonous.

Would they make a good pet?

The dwarf caiman is popular as a reptile pet because of its relatively small size and availability.

Did you know...

Predators like jaguars, anacondas, and boa constrictors hunt the Cuvier's dwarf caiman.

The dwarf caiman is not hunted for its skin, though in some areas, they are hunted for their meat. The dwarf caiman is also collected for the pet trade.

The sex of a Paleosuchus palpebrosus depends on the temperature of the nest in which it is born.

The Paleosuchus palpebrosus is important for maintaining a balance in the ecosystem.

The dwarf caiman gets aggressive when cornered. Schneider's dwarf caiman is more aggressive than Cuvier's dwarf caiman. The Schneider's dwarf caiman or the smooth fronted caiman is also found in South America.

Dwarf caimans are nocturnal creatures. In the day they are known to hide in burrows.

The dwarf caiman is a highly territorial species.

Their skull is developed to crush their kill.

There are many traditions and superstitions surrounding this animal. It is used in some cultures as a 'traditional medicine', for example in Brazil. Their skull and bones are crushed, then mixed with wine, and used as medicine.

Their teeth are believed to cure and protect humans from snake bites. In Brazil, the fat of this crocodilian is used in treating rheumatism.

The animal may serve as a source of food in some areas. It has more extension in terms of range in Brazil as compared to the smooth fronted caiman.

The species is shy and difficult to be seen in the streams owing to its excellent camouflaging techniques.

It is sometimes commonly called the musky caiman or the wedge head caiman.

It is known to shed its scales periodically, though not its skin.

It uses its body skillfully to prevent drowning when hunting for prey under the water by closing its nostrils, and throat.

It is believed that twin caimans represent two aspects that are complementary in nature, like the sky and the earth, the above and the below.

How long does it take a dwarf caiman to reach full size?

The young caiman males grow at about 3-4 in (8 to 10 cm) in a year. Sexual maturity is reached later in females than in males. Cuvier's dwarf caiman males reach maturity when they are around six years of age. The cuvier's dwarf caiman females mature when they are about eight years of age. However, attaining full maturity might take as long as 10 years.

Do dwarf caimans eat turtles?

Dwarf caimans are known to live peacefully with turtles.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other reptiles including mugger crocodile facts or coachwhip facts.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable caiman coloring pages.

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