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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 19, 2021

Four-Eyed Frog: 15 Facts You Won't Believe!

Four-Eyed Frog Fact File

Four-eyed frogs get their name because of their poison glands that resemble their eyes attached to their hips. They use these glands as protection against predators. When they are threatened, they lower their mouth and the frog adopts this posture where their poison glands are turned towards their predator, and they release their poison on them. These frogs sometimes use this poison when they are hunting for prey too.

If you liked reading this, then you must also read our facts about the African clawed frog and American bullfrog.

Four-Eyed Frog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a four-eyed frog?

The four-eyed frog Pleurodema is a weird species of frogs with poison glands on their hips that look like their eyes. This is to fool their predators is well demonstrated when these frogs are attacked. They raise their backsides and lower their mouths so that the predator becomes confused. When the predator approaches these frogs, they release their poison which is fatal to the predator. Very little information is provided about this species, but it is enough to call these frogs dangerous.

What class of animal does a four-eyed frog belong to?

Four-eyed frogs belong to the class of amphibians. These frogs are mostly found in the southern parts of America like Columbia, Chile, and Argentina. They are found in wild grasslands, small water pools, and near swampy water bodies.

How many four-eyed frogs are there in the world?

There is no exact number for how many four-eyed frogs there are in the world. However, there are around 15 four-eyed frog species, among which most of them are under the Least Concern category. A few of them are Endangered.

Where does a four-eyed frog live?

The four-eyed frog lives in southern regions. This frog can be found in Chile, Argentina, and the area around the Straits of Magellan near the southern tip of America.

What is a four-eyed frog's habitat?

These four-eyed frogs are found mainly in coastal sand plains, open savannas, rocky outcrops, grasslands, and open montane. Normally they live and breed in small water pools, but they can also be found hiding under the soil during the dry season and emerge when the rain starts.

Who do four-eyed frogs live with?

They mostly live on their own after they grow up and only meet to reproduce, just like other frog species.

How long does a four-eyed frog live?

The four-eyed frog Pleurodema has an approximate lifespan of 5-12 years.

How do they reproduce?

Four-eyed frogs are active during both day and night and they are very active during the rainy seasons. During the breeding season, male and the female four-eyed frogs meet in shallow water in a pool or at the bank of lakes. The breeding of the four-eyed frog takes place in temporary pools. The males do not call to mate, instead the males climb onto a female's back and hold on near their hind legs. Female frogs lay the eggs which hatch into tadpoles within few days. The tadpoles might grow up to 1.4 in (3.5 cm) before they grow into adult frogs. These frogs might reproduce one to three times a year.

What is their conservation status?

Some of the four-eyed frog species are rare, but most of them have the conservation status of Least Concern.

Four-Eyed Frog Fun Facts

What do four-eyed frogs look like?

The four-eyed frog Pleurodema has two large dark-colored poison glands that resemble its eyes near its hips. They have a short rounded snout and small eardrums which can sense predators and their prey. They have short and fat front legs with cute little unwebbed toes with round fingers and longer hind legs, which have toes that are slightly webbed. This frog has a brown upper body with dark brown spots and stripes on its back. However, the color might differ from gray or brown for a green four-eyed frog. Males and the females look similar, but the females are larger than the males in size.

* Please note that this image is of a bright-eyed frog, not a four-eyed frog. If you have an image of a four-eyed frog, please let us know at [email protected]

Four-eyed frogs are mostly gray, green, or brown in color

How cute are they?

No, they are not cute at all as they are slimy and look ugly.

How do they communicate?

Male frogs have a distinctive way of calling females to attract them during mating. These calls are like simple clicks to quacks, whistles, and long, thrilling songs. They have a vocal sac that works like a vocal amplifier.

How big is a four-eyed frog?

The female frog might be 2.2 in (5.6 cm), whereas the males are slightly smaller at 1.8 in (4.5 cm) in length.

How fast can a four-eyed frog move?

These frogs have been designed to move or jump fast to escape their predators or catch their prey. Their exact speed, however, is not known.

How much does a four-eyed frog weigh?

The average weight of a frog might be about 0.80 oz (22.7 g). However, the females are larger than the males.

What are the male and female names of the species?

The four-eyed frog Pleurodema are distinguished as male and female four-eyed frogs. They don't have any specified names.

What would you call a baby four-eyed frog?

A baby four-eyed frog is called a tadpole, just like all other frog babies.

What do they eat?

The four-eyed frog animal feeds on arthropods, insects, snails, slugs, and worms with their long sticky tongue. However, tadpoles feed on pond algae until they grow up into adult frogs.

How far can they jump?

This frog needs to jump fast enough to escape its predators, and even thought they are only 2-3 in (5-7.6 cm) long, they can jump up to a height of 130 in (330 cm) in one leap.

Would they make a good pet?

The four-eyed frog will definitely not make a good pet and they are not really kept as pets. They emit poison through their poison glands which can be fatal and no one wants to keep a pet that is harmful to its owners. Also, four-eyed frog care is very difficult and should be done only by experts.

Did you know...

These frogs absorb water through their skin and stay hydrated. The noses of these frogs are situated near the top of their head and they can breathe even when the most part of their body is underwater.

Some other cool frogs are the greenhouse frog and black rain frog.

Why is it called the four-eyed frog?

They are given the name four-eyed frogs because they have inguinal poison glands that look like a second pair of eyes. These glands are present on their body so that when they are threatened, the frog lowers its head and position its poison glands towards its predators and the poison is released.

What are the different types of four-eyed frogs?

The types of four-eyed frogs are the Columbian four-eyed frog, Chile four-eyed frog, large four-eyed frog, and marbled four-eyed frog.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other amphibians from our Surinam toad facts and blue poison dart frog facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable four eyed frog coloring pages.

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