1. Home
  2. Fun Animal Facts
  3. Did You Know? 17 Incredible Goat Facts

Did You Know? 17 Incredible Goat Facts

Read these goat facts about these adorable mammals

Goats are large mammals with cloven hooves and horns. Like sheep, the goat (Capra hircus) has a lighter build, backward arching horns, a short tail, and straighter fur. Goats belong to the Bovidae family of animals, which includes antelopes, goats, and sheep. Goats display sexual dimorphism. Males have a beard, horns, a foul odor, and are taller than females. Sexual hormones and pheromones cause the odor. Their horns are hollow, and although their fur is always straight, some goats have a wool undercoat. The color of the coat varies, and it may be black, white, red, or orange.

Goats were one of the first species of domesticated animals. They were domesticated by humans 9,000 years ago. Capra is a mammalian genus that includes nine species, including the wild goat, the markhor, and some species known as ibexes. The domestic goat is a domesticated breed of the wild goat (Capra aegagrus).

There are several domestic goat breeds worldwide used to obtain different kinds of goat's resources such as milk or dairy products, fur, meat, and food.

If you enjoyed these fun facts about goats, be sure to check out pygmy goat facts and Percheron facts.

Goat Interesting Facts

What type of animals are goats?

Goats are a species of domesticated animals.

What class of animal do goats belong to?

Goats belong to the Mammalia class of animals.

How many goats are there in the world?

The exact population of these goats is unknown, but as they are primarily domestic breeds, they are found in great abundance worldwide.

Where do goats live?

Domestic goats (Capra hircus) are raised in nearly every kind of terrestrial biome on the planet. They can live anywhere as long as a goat's requirement of grass to feed on, and a well-ventilated and clean shelter is available.

What is a goat's habitat?

Goats are domesticated animals that can be seen in almost any setting. Goats may require pastures for grazing, but they can flourish in places where other grazers, such as sheep or cows, would struggle. Goats may also be housed in dry lots if they are fed regularly by humans. It is necessary to provide clean and ventilated shelter, but it does not have to be lavish. Do goats sleep? Of course, they sleep! A bedded space of at least 15 ft (4.5 m) for sleeping is a goat's preference. Goats need exercise, and the ideal space for this is at least 25 sq ft (2.3 sq m) per animal. Goats are vulnerable to predation since they are a domesticated breed, as a result, they should be placed in a fenced-in area.

Who do goats live with?

As goats are a domestic breed of animals, they usually live with other domestic breeds of animals that provide food and dairy products such as milk and meat. Humans generally tame goats, so they live with humans.

How long do goats live?

Domestic goat breeds live for around 15 to 18 years which is nearly identical to the lifespan of dogs. A wild goat's lifespan is about 12 years.

How do they reproduce?

Humans customarily regulate goats' breeding behavior. Goats have a polygynous mating system while they are under human supervision. Humans can choose males in captivity, which breed with many female goats for offsprings. Male goats fight for rank when left to their own devices, and the top-ranked males have access to mate with the females. Males compete by butting heads before one of them gives up. Sex glands produce pheromones.

This genus has a lot of twins, but the average brood size is one to three offspring. The gestation period depends on the breed of goat, but it usually lasts between 145 and 152 days. The baby goats are born mute and can walk and imitate their mother within hours of birth. After the female goats give birth, they nurture the baby goats on their milk for about 10 months, and then the young goats start grazing for food. The mother is the primary provider of maternal care. She looks after the children by giving them milk. Females attain reproductive maturity at the age of one year, while males achieve reproductive maturity at five months.

What is their conservation status?

Goats are plentiful and do not need special protection. They are of Least Concern according to the IUCN.

Goat Fun Facts

What do goats look like?

Straight, corkscrew, and curved horns are among the many shapes and sizes of the goat's horns, but most are bent backward.

Broken hooves, horizontal pupils, a long, scraggly beard, a slender body and skull, scent glands, and horns are a few of the physical characteristics that distinguish a goat. Their fingernails and hair are made of keratin, and they continue to evolve throughout the animal's life. In truth, counting the growth rings can be used to determine the goat's age. Goats walk on their third and fourth toes as members of the even-toed ungulates. Some have a vestigial dewclaw, a nail that extends from farther up the limb, similar to a dog.

Although the fur is always straight, some varieties have a wool undercoat. The color of the coat varies, and it may be black, white, red, or orange. Intense colors, spotted, striped, mixed colors, and facial stripes are examples of color patterns.

How cute are they?

Goat babies are as adorable as dogs. You want to take them in your arms and cuddle them. According to some studies, they also have canine-like personalities. With their bright eyes and gorgeous facial hair, goats of all ages have expressive expressions.

Goats do not seem to be the most cuddly creatures, but experts have discovered evidence that they are as intelligent as dogs and are also capable of forming emotional bonds with humans.

How do they communicate?

The five senses of sight, scent, sound, taste, and touch are used by a goat to explore the world. Sight, scent, and hearing are the most common ways for males to interact with one another, while contact is necessary when they are butting heads to establish dominant status. Males produce pheromones during the mating season. Goats have evolved to communicate with humans and dogs as a result of domestication. Humans and dogs may use vocal and visual cues to direct where and when goats walk, feed, and reproduce.

How big are goats?

A goat is about 45.27-67 in (115-170 cm) long and 10-42 in (26-107 cm) tall. They are about 10 times the size of a chicken.

How fast can goats run?

A goat has a maximum speed of around 50 mph (80.46 kph) while sprinting. It can run at a constant pace of 10 mph (16 kph) over many miles, indicating that it has both endurance and the ability to run fast in short bursts.

How much do goats weigh?

A goat weighs about 120-170 lb (54-77 kg).

What are the male and female names of the species?

A male goat is called a buck, while a female is called a doe.

What would you call a baby goat?

A baby goat is called a kid.

What do they eat?

Goats are herbivores, meaning they only consume plants. Mountain goats like hay, but they can consume mosses and plants as well. Many domestic goats can eat rubbish, house plants, and everything else they come across.

Are they dangerous?

They can be aggressive, much like any other wild animal, and certain goat habits put humans at risk. Several goat breeds are naturally aggressive and rude. However, their numbers are small, and the vast majority of goats are polite and well-behaved in the wild.

Would they make a good pet?

A goat is an excellent pet. They not only provide dairy products such as milk but are surprisingly cuddly too.

Did you know...

One of the most interesting and funny facts about goats is that you can teach them how to respond to their name.

A goat has no teeth in its upper jaw but, instead, has a dental pad.

Goats were among the first species of animals that were tamed for dairy and food. Goats were also one of the first animals to be domesticated, about 9,000 years ago.

Goat meat is the most common meat eaten per capita in the world.

They are one of the cleanest and brightest species on the planet, and they are much more selective feeders than cows, horses, pigs, swine, and even dogs.

Goats are one of the most inquisitive and smart animals ever.

Goats hate mud and water puddles!

Different types of goat

There are quite a few varieties and species of goats. A few famous ones are pygmy goats, Nigerian dwarf goats, Alpines, and mountain goats. The Nigerian dwarf goat produces about 10% more milk as compared to other species. Mountain goats are exceptional runners and are the fastest goats.

Keeping goats yourself

Goats, as ruminants (animals with four-chambered stomachs), eat either hay or pasture to meet their nutritional needs. They need at least eight hours of daily grazing time. Keep these points in mind when you raise them. Clovers and mixed grasses make the perfect pastures. Your goats must have access to clean and fresh water. Goats are natural grazers that prefer to consume leaves, weeds, briars, and other plants to graze on grasses.

When dealing with goats, maintain a calm and compassionate demeanor. Goats are naturally shy creatures that can be quickly startled if they are yelled at or handled roughly. Use a rope halter while handling goats.

Goats can cost anywhere between $100 to $800. Annual maintenance can cost upwards of $300.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals from our deer facts and Highland cattle facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable goat coloring pages.

Get The Kidadl Newsletter
1,000's of inspirational ideas direct to your inbox for things to do with your kids.

By joining Kidadl you agree to Kidadl’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy and consent to receiving marketing communications from Kidadl.

In need of more inspiration?