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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 12, 2021

Green Pygmy Goose: 17 Facts You Won't Believe

Green Pygmy Goose facts are an easy way of getting your daily dose of knowledge.

The compact and puffy form of these waterfowl will leave you in awe. The Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) is one of the smallest perching duck species from the Anatidae family. Like the African pygmy goose and cotton pygmy goose, these ducks comprise the three bird species which make up the genus Nettpus.

The Green Pygmy Goose species has a different breeding plumage and has some sexually dimorphic features. The breeding male has an iridescent dark green back and neck with prominent brown, white scallops on his breast and underparts. These duck-like waterfowl have a strong, short bill, small feet, and black-brown eyes. After the season, the male shows a duller version of the feathers during the mating season. The female looks similar to the duller male but has scallops all over her neck instead.

The Green Pygmy Goose species was described and named by John Gould in 1842, and no known subspecies have been discovered. These wildfowl live in a freshwater habitat across North Australia, South New Guinea, Timor-Leste, and scantily, in Indonesia. Additionally, these birds have been given the Least Concern status by the IUCN.

If you enjoy reading about different waterfowl, do explore information about the Snow Goose and Bean Goose.

Green Pygmy Goose Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Green Pygmy Goose?

The Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus), like the African Pygmy Goose, is a species of wildfowl as well as waterfowl under the genus Nettapus.

What class of animal does a Green Pygmy Goose belong to?

This waterfowl is a type of bird species, and hence, belongs to the class Aves under the family Anatidae.

How many Green Pygmy Geese are there in the world?

There are no records of the number of these waterfowl species in the world. However, the IUCN has established that the Green Pygmy Goose range is quite large and that these birds are not vulnerable according to the range size norms.

Where does a Green Pygmy Goose live?

According to the IUCN, this wildfowl species is resident of the southern parts of Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. These wildfowl are also found in Timor-Leste but only during the mating season. In Indonesia, these ducks are known as residents but the seasonal occurrence is unknown.

What is a Green Pygmy Goose's habitat?

The Green Pygmy Goose habitat includes various inland freshwater wetlands like rivers, streams, creeks marshes, and lakes. These waterfowl species are also found in the lagoons and lakes of a brackish, coastal habitat.

Who do Green Pygmy Geese live with?

The Green Pigmy Geese species are congregational birds that live in large numbers. However, during the mating season, these ducks are monogamous and show dispersive patterns.

How long does a Green Pygmy Goose live?

The lifespan of the Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) species is around 10-15 years, similar to that of Guinea Fowl.

How do they reproduce?

The male and female of the Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) species are monogamous and stay together throughout the mating season. They are hole nesters, and the male begins the hunt for nesting locations. After the male has found a spot in tree holes, the female decides whether to nest there or not. The female lays a clutch of 8-12 eggs and incubates them for 26 days. After hatching, the fledglings are lightly colored with speckled, dark brown heads.

What is their conservation status?

As per the IUCN observations, the population of these wildfowl is decreasing but no extreme fluctuations have been recorded. As a result, the IUCN has declared the Least Concern status for this species.

Green Pygmy Goose Fun Facts

What do Green Pygmy Geese look like?

The Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) species is a dark, shiny waterfowl with striking scallops on most of its plumage. The breeding plumage of the male is an iridescent dark green on the back with brown, white, and gray scallops on its breast and underparts, along with a dark brown-black head. The primary flight feathers, tail, and coverts are black, the secondary flight feathers are white, and they have gray-ish cheeks. During the non-breeding season, the male shows a duller version of their breeding feathers because they lose the iridescence. The female has a similar resemblance to the breeding plumage of the male. However, instead of the iridescent dark green neck, the female is enveloped in white and brown scallops. These birds have a strong, short bill, small feet, and black-brown eyes.

Green Pygmy Geese are known to prefer swimming to walk or flying.

How cute are they?

Although they are wildfowl, this species has a compact form and looks like a pudgy duck. They have chubby cheeks with short bodies, and these features are adorable!

How do they communicate?

There are no observations on how this bird communicates with other birds. It is known that the female has a low-pitch call and the male makes a high-pitch whistle-like noise.

How big is a Green Pygmy Goose?

The size of this species is 12-14 in (30.4-35.5 cm), which is about half the size of the Indian Runner Duck. The wing size of this waterfowl is 18.8-23.6 in (48-60 cm), which is almost similar to the size of the Bowerbird.

How fast can a Green Pygmy Goose fly?

The speed at which these birds fly is unknown. However, the observations of their flying patterns prove that these birds do not prefer flying around too much.

How much does a Green Pygmy Goose weigh?

The Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) weight is unknown. For reference, it has a length of 12-14 in (30.4-35.5 cm).

What are the male and female names of the species?

The Green Pygmy Goose does not have separate names for the male and female.

What would you call a baby Green Pygmy Goose?

The baby of a Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) is called a chick, like the young of most birds.

What do they eat?

The Green Pygmy Goose diet is primarily herbivorous. This bird feeds on seeds, flowers, fruits, and leaves of aquatic plants.

Are they dangerous?

The Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) species are not harmful towards humans or other animals. However, these birds are highly protective of their nests and get aggressive if intruded.

Would they make a good pet?

Considering the Green Pygmy Goose bird is a wild, waterfowl, they would not make a great pet. As non-migratory birds, they also prefer living next to freshwater bodies and a home environment would not be suitable for them.

Did you know...

The population size of these birds is decreasing due to the destruction of habitat.

When comparing the size, these birds are among the smallest waterfowl.

Why are they called Green Pygmy Goose?

As the name suggests, the Green Pygmy Goose (Nettapus pulchellus) has an iridescent shade of color all over its back. A part of the scientific name of these wildfowl, pulchellus, is a derivative of the Latin word 'Pulcher' which means pretty.

Pygmy Geese vs Geese

Although both are species of waterfowl, the pygmy goose got its name because of its bill, which looks like those of geese. Otherwise, the bird shares more similarities, in looks and size, with a duck. When speaking about size, geese are comparatively larger than ducks and also have longer necks.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from our Nene Goose facts or Swan Goose facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable Green Pygmy Goose coloring pages.

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