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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 06, 2021

Manx Cat: 21 Facts You Won't Believe!

Manx cats are tailless, interesting right?

Manx cats are one of the most popular cat breeds for their lack of a tail and for having a dog-like playful personality. These tailless cats first appeared in the 19th century from the Isle of Man. They made a substantial portion of the total cat population of the Isle of Man, located almost halfway between England and Ireland. There are many folktales about how the lack of a tail in these cats started. The main reason behind the Manx cat origin is believed to be a genetic mutation.

Manx cats make wonderful pets. They are friendly, loving, agile, and love to play. The tailless cats were known as ‘stubbin’ colloquially in the Manx Gaelic language. Manx cat personalities differ from one to another.

Manx cat breeds are interesting as they come in various versions with a short tail, tailless, short hair coat, and a long hair coat variety. The lengths of their tails depend on the genes as a tailless female Manx cat can give birth to a Manx with a tail. Manx cat coats are of various colors. You can find a calico Manx cat with multiple colors on the coat, an orange Manx cat, or a gray Manx cat. Solid white Manx cats are rare. Long-haired Manx cats are considered a separate breed from the short-haired Manx cats.

You may also check out Korat facts and Japanese bobtail facts from Kidadl.

Manx Cat Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Manx Cat?

Manx cats are a tailless cat breed that came into existence hundreds of years ago on the remote European island in the Irish Sea, the Isle of Man. Manx cat breeders did not derive this cat breed artificially through breeding programs. The lack of tail resulted from a genetic mutation. Although the taillessness happened as a natural phenomenon, local folklore said the tailless cats were brought by the Irish Sea surrounding the island.

Like all other house cat breeds, Manx cats are descended from the African wildcat or Felis lybica. The taillessness happened by chance as natural mutation or birth defects on the Isle of Man Island.

The genetic mutation and the tailless trait intensified further by the Manx cat breed’s isolation on the island and inbreeding.

What class of animal does a Manx Cat belong to?

Manx cats are mammals, class Mammalia, like other cat breeds. The female Manx cats give birth to kittens. This tailless cat breed loves to be with humans.  They have very good hunting skills. This breed was also known to live in ships to kill mice and rats. The coat of Manx cats can be of different colors patterns. The long-haired Manx cat variants are known as the ‘Cymric,’ which means ‘Welsh’ and are considered a separate breed.

How many Manx Cats are there in the world?

Manx cats, hailing from Britain’s Isle of Man, are now a popular pet cat breed. The exact number of this cat population in the world is difficult to say.

Apart from the Man of Isle Island, Manx cat populations also exist in some other places in Europe, like Cornwall, Crimea. Some people think the Manx gene may be connected to the similarly dominant short tail gene of the American ‘bobbed tail’ cat breeds developed in the 1960s.

Where does a Manx Cat live?

Centuries ago, Manx cats lived in farms and ships as they were expert rodent killers. Now, they live in homes as pets with human families. Their adaptable characteristics make them good pets for adults as well as children. Manx cats are highly intelligent, social, and outgoing cats. However, they can be shy of strangers. Manx cats often play fetch games like dogs and have some similar personality traits.

What is a Manx Cat's habitat?

Manx cats are ideal cold-weather cats originating from the isolated island, Isle of Man. In modern times, Manx cat breeds are how cats. Owing to their origin from an island, these cats are fond of water, unlike other cat breeds. These cats may join their owner in the shower. These cats full of energy need stimulating game sessions. Homes with trees are ideal for Manx cats as they love to climb. Manx enjoys company to bring out the best in their versatile personality.

Who do Manx Cats live with?

The Manx cat breed is among the oldest known cat breeds. Although they cannot be called rare, they are not as common as the British shorthair, American shorthair, ragdoll cats, or Scottish Fold cat breeds.

A Manx cat shows a lot of dog-like characteristics like playing fetch, and that makes them the ideal cats for dog lovers. Manx are loyal and protective of their homes. They are usually quiet cats and are suitable for calm neighborhoods. Mother cats are often heard trilling to talk to the kittens. The highly intelligent, social cats also trill when owners talk to them.

How long does a Manx Cat live?

Manx cats can live beyond fifteen years if properly cared for. Manx cats were originally working cats kept on farms and Viking ships for killing rodents. A medium-sized cat weighs 8–12 lb (3.6-5.4 kg). Manx kittens mature slowly and reach their full size in four to five years.

How do they reproduce?

Manx genes need a little understanding. Every Manx cat carries both full tail and tailless genes. That means Manx cats can produce a kitten with characteristics of a normal length long-tailed feline. Kittens that inherit the taillessness gene from both their parents usually die before they are born.

The Manx gene is an incomplete dominant, and kittens show varying tail lengths from a Manx cat with a tail to completely taillessness in a single litter.

The completely tailless kittens are called ‘rumpy.’ The ones with a short tail are called ‘rumpy risers.’ They have a slight rise of bone where a tail usually starts. Only the rumpy and the rumpy riser variants of Manx cats are allowed in cat shows.

What is their conservation status?

Manx cats are popular pets and show cats. These cats are bred carefully by Manx cat breeders and are under no threat of extinction.

This cat breed that arose due to genetic mutation suffers from health problems. The Manx syndrome or sacrocaudal dysgenesis is a common health condition where the tailless gene causes the cat’s spine to be too short. It leads to constipation, etc. There is no permanent cure for Manx syndrome. The Manx cat is 'Not Listed with IUCN.

The Manx breed tends to be more susceptible to mast cell tumors compared to other cats.

Manx Cat Fun Facts

What do Manx Cats look like?

Manx cats are medium-sized cats with a double coat.

Manx cats come in two coat lengths, short and long-haired. All Manx cats have a thick, soft, double coat. The outer layer is coarser than the inner warmer layer. The color and pattern differ from black Manx cats to ebony white, red, orange, gray cream, tan chocolate, etc. This cat breed has a round head, round eyes, a small nose, and a long neck. The tail lengths differ. In some Manx cats, the tails are completely missing. Some have short tails and some have normal length feline tails.

The hind legs of Manx cats are especially longer than the forelegs. The forelegs are straight and stronger than the hind legs. The shape of the forelegs is said to be rabbit-like. These legs allow them to be expert jumpers.

How cute are they?

Manx cats are extremely cute with a friendly temperament. The ‘rumpy’ and the ‘rumpy riser’ with a short tail look cute.

How do they communicate?

Manx cats are usually quiet. They have a trill voice and appear to talk to humans and kittens. They also do the regular purrs like other felines.

How big is a Manx Cat?

Manx cat size appears larger than the cat’s actual Manx cat weight, which can be 8-12 lb (3.6-5.4 kg). In comparison, bobcats can weigh from 20-42 lb (9.1-19.1 kg), which is almost eight times heavier than the largest Manx cats.

How fast can a Manx Cat move?

A Manx cat can run at the speed of thirty miles per hour.

How much does a Manx Cat weigh?

Manx cats can weigh from 8-12 lb (3.6-5.4 kg).

What are the male and female names of their species?

A male Manx cat is called a tomcat, and the female is called a queen.

What would you call a baby Manx Cat?

A baby Manx cat is called a kitten.

What do they eat?

Manx requires a high-quality, balanced diet. Their food should include fish oils and omega 3 fatty acids for a healthy coat. The diet should consist of enough fiber.

Manx cats can be fed commercially prepared cat food or home-cooked wet food. Meat and fish should be the main ingredients. These cats like their food warm and are not fond of cold food. Manx cats may have health problems from cow’s milk in their diet.

Are they friendly?

Manx cats are friendly, adorable, and love company.

Would they make a good pet?

The Manx cat breed is a robust, active cat breed. However, their genetic mutation that caused the taillessness causes some serious health problems when these cats are not bred responsibly. They may shed quite a bit in particular seasons. Manx cat price is between $500-800 depending on their coat color, coat length, and parentage.

Did you know...

If you wondered if there are hairless Manx cats like the Sphynx cat, there aren’t any.

One folktale about Manx cats says that this breed is tailless because Noah accidentally closed the door of the Ark and cut off the Manx cat’s tail.

Manx was one of the founding breeds of the CFA, the registry of pedigreed cats, which was formed in 1906.

The Manx is featured on the currency and postage stamp of the Isle of Man.

Koko, the famous San Francisco Zoo-born gorilla, had three Manx cat companions, namely, All Ball, Lipstick, and Smokey.

Why do Manx cats have no tails?

The taillessness of Manx cats is due to a genetic mutation.

Having your own Manx Cat

Manx cats are people-oriented felines. They adapt well to apartment living.

Like many pedigreed cats, these tailless cats are prone to some unique health problems like Manx Syndrome and Spina bifida, where the kitten is born with an open spine birth defect.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover!  For more relatable content, check out these Maine coon facts and devon rex facts for kids.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our Manx Cat coloring pages.

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