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Mexican Mole Lizard Facts You Won't Forget

Here are some great Mexican mole lizard facts that you are sure to love!

The Mexican mole lizard (Bipes biporus) is a type of worm-like lizard species that is endemic to the Baja California region of Mexico. Also known as the five-toed worm lizard, this burrowing species of reptile can be found living in the soft soil, feeding and breeding underground. This animal is known to be quite shy and timid, only emerging to the surface at night or after heavy rainfall. It is carnivorous in nature, feeding on any insect it comes across, mostly eating ants, termites, and worms.

For more amazing facts about this reptile, read on! You can also more great facts on our frilled lizard and sand lizard pages.

Mexican Mole Lizard Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Mexican mole lizard?

The Mexican mole lizard (Bipes biporus) is an amphisbaenian, meaning a type of long, legless lizard with rudimentary eyes. This lizard indeed does look very worm-like, and can easily be mistaken as a snake.

What class of animal do Mexican mole lizards belong to?

The Mexican mole lizard is one of the animals that belong to the class Reptilia.

How many Mexican mole lizards are there in the world?

Though the exact number of Mexican mole lizard animals in the world is unknown, we do know that these reptiles are currently of Least Concern according to the IUCN Red List, meaning that we do not have to worry about it becoming endangered any time soon.

Where do Mexican mole lizards live?

Mexican mole lizards are animals that can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Guerrero, and Chiapas, in Mexico. It can only be found in the continent of South America.

What is a Mexican mole lizard's habitat?

The Mexican mole lizards prefer living underground, in a tropical, humid climate. It feeds and breeds underground as well, only spending a fraction of its life above ground.

Who do Mexican mole lizards live with?

The Mexican mole lizard has been observed to live solo, coming together only to breed. Large colonies have not been found, pointing towards the solitary nature of this reptile.

How long do Mexican mole lizards live?

The Mexican mole lizard lifespan is around one to two years, which is quite short.

How do they reproduce?

The Mexican mole lizard species is oviparous in nature, meaning that it reproduces by laying eggs. This species breeds underground in midsummer, usually during July. The females then lay around one to four eggs, which hatch after incubating for two months. An interesting fact about these lizards is that the mother will bring the eggs up to the surface after a storm has passed and place them on a damp patch of soil so that newly hatched lizards will instinctively know how to burrow down into the earth.

What is their conservation status?

 According to the IUCN Red List, the current conservation status of these animals is of Least Concern.

Mexican Mole Lizard Fun Facts 

What do Mexican mole lizards look like?

Mexican mole lizards are long, slender lizards that look quite worm-like in appearance. They range in color from dark pink to pinkish-gray and have skin similar to that of a hairless mole. It has only two forelegs, with the rest of its body ending in a long, flexible tail. Its body is divided into segments which give it the look of corrugated cardboard - covered with ridges. Its round head has two black, beady eyes and helps it to burrow deep into the earth. It does not possess any hind legs. Each fore leg ends in a five-toed foot.

The five-toed worm lizard is pink in color and has skin like that of a naked mole-rat.
We've been unable to source an image of a Mexican mole lizard and have used an image of a four-toed worm lizard instead. If you are able to provide us with a royalty-free image of a Mexican mole lizard, we would be happy to credit you. Please contact us at [email protected].

How cute are they?

Despite looking like a snake at first glance, the Mexican mole lizard is quite cute with its round head and smooth pink body.

How do they communicate?

This five-toed worm lizard is very quiet and shy, and can often pass by unnoticed to their light tread and soundless way of eating.

How big are Mexican mole lizards?

The average Mexican mole lizard size is 7.1-9.4 in (18-24 cm) in length, making it quite big for a lizard. It is very slender, however, being only around 0.2 in (6 mm) wide.

How fast can a Mexican mole lizard move?

Though the exact speed of this five-toed worm lizard is unknown, it does have quite powerful limbs, which it uses to dig into the ground while burrowing and to push itself swiftly through the soil in search of prey.

How much do Mexican mole lizards weigh?

This lizard is quite light, only weighing around 3 oz (85 g).

What are the male and female names of the species?

These are no separate names for either sex of this species, simply being called male or female Mexican mole lizards.

What would you call a baby Mexican mole lizard?

Baby Mexican mole lizards are known as neonates or hatchlings.

What do they eat?

As this burrowing species of lizard spends most of its life underground, it sustains itself on burrowing insects such as termites, ants, snails, centipedes, and worms. It is open to eating any insect it encounters, be it on the surface or inside the soil.

Are they friendly?

The Mexican mole lizard is very shy and quiet in nature. Though it is not aggressive, it is not particularly friendly either and prefers to stay out of the sight of humans. They are not dangerous as such.

Would they make a good pet?

Due to their habit of living underground for most of their lives, these reptiles would probably not make good pets. They survive by eating all sorts of insects inside the soil and move around inside the earth during the day. Since they are nocturnal as well, it does not really make any sense to keep them as a pet. There are a number of other species of lizards that make far better pets than the Mexican mole lizard. They are very shy in nature as well, and may not warm up to humans that easily.

Kidadl Advisory: All pets should only be bought from a reputable source. It is recommended that as a potential pet owner you carry out your own research prior to deciding on your pet of choice. Being a pet owner is very rewarding but it also involves commitment, time and money. Ensure that your pet choice complies with the legislation in your state and/or country. You must never take animals from the wild or disturb their habitat. Please check that the pet you are considering buying is not an endangered species, or listed on the CITES list, and has not been taken from the wild for the pet trade.

Another problem is their lifespan which is pretty short for a pet, being only one to two years. If you want a pet to bond with and be by your side for a long time, the Mexican mole lizard is not a very good choice.

Did you know...

Like many other lizards, the Mexican mole lizard can detach its tail from its body and grow a new one as well. When escaping from predators, it usually dislodges its tail and uses it to plug up the hole behind it, blocking the passage and giving it ample time to escape from becoming someone's prey!

The Mexican mole lizard mouth is full of small, sharp teeth which it uses to bite and chew its prey rather than swallowing it whole.

Usually, lizards have a placenta but not enough data is available to validate the same for a Mexican mole lizard.

Different types of Mexican mole lizard

Aside from the five toes worm lizard (Bipes biporus), there also exists a similar species known as the four-toed worm lizard (Bipes canaliculatis), though not much is known about this species. Similar to the Bipes biporus, it is also endemic to Mexico.

Can you own Mexican mole lizards?

Technically yes, you can own a Mexican mole lizard pet. However, they are very hard to find in pet shops, with only in a small number of them being available. Though, it is not illegal to just wander around Baja California and pick up one of these for yourself, as they can be found in abundance.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other reptiles including lava lizard facts, or sand lizard fun facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable frilled lizard coloring pages.

Main image by marlin harms.

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