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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 05, 2021

Amaze-wing Facts About The Beautiful Painted Bunting Bird

Painted bunting facts are all about a unique bird of Cardinalidae family

Painted Bunting is a species of bird belonging to the Cardinalidae family. They are native to North America and are distinguished by their colorful plumage. These North American Birds are usually short to medium distant migrants. They are sub-divided into eastern and western groups according to their breeding habitat. The western population is located in the south-central U.S. The range of the eastern population extends from North Carolina to Central Florida. Their preferred wintering grounds constitute dense savanna and tropical forests.

The males perform a variety of visual displays to attract mates during the breeding seasons. The female is usually involved in building the nest and taking care of the young. The nest is kept hidden behind bushy vegetation in a low-lying area to avoid predators. The International Union for Conservation of Nature or IUCN Red List has listed Painted Buntings as a species of Least Concern. They aren't considered to be endangered because of their stable population. However, the destruction of habitat is a major threat encountered by them.

If you liked reading this article then do check out the blue and yellow macaw and birds of paradise!

Painted Bunting Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Painted Bunting?

The painted bunting is a species of bird that belongs to the Cardinalidae family. They usually migrate in the winter months and breeding seasons.  

What class of animal does a Painted Bunting belong to?

These North American birds belong to the class Aves.

How many Painted Buntings are there in the world?

There are around 14,000,000 individuals present in the world.

Where does a Painted Bunting live?

According to their breeding habitat, these birds are widely classified into the western and eastern populations. The western population is mainly located in the south-central U.S., extending from Kansas in the south to Texas and Louisiana. They usually migrate during the winter seasons to Mexico and Panama in Central America. The eastern population resides in the coastal areas in North Carolina to the northern parts of Florida. In the winters, they migrate to the south of Florida.

What is a Painted Bunting's habitat?

The breeding ground of the western population includes woodland edges with riparian thickets. The riparian strip consists of the area between land and a river. Grasslands and wetlands are fairly common in this area. The birds of the eastern population breed in scrubland and maritime hammocks. Vegetation in the Scrublands constitutes low bushes and small trees. Maritime hammocks are areas dominated by hardwood trees on elevated areas. The preferred wintering grounds of both the population includes tropical forests and savanna. They are fairly common along the roadside or suburban areas.

Who do Painted Buntings live with?

They usually live in isolation or in pairs. They stay in groups or pairs during the breeding season, migration, and winter.

How long does a Painted Bunting live?

They can live up to 10 years. However, in the wild, they barely make it past five years of age.

How do they reproduce?

These birds usually spend their life with one partner and practice monogamy. However, in some cases, polygamy is also observed. The breeding season of the painted bunting range from April to August. It reaches a peak from mid-May to mid-July. The male painted bunting usually reaches the breeding ground a week prior to the female painted bunting. The females take part in building the nest and taking care of the young, while the males defend the territory. The nest is woven and is built in a low-lying area. The female lays around three to four eggs and broods at least two times each season.  The incubation period extends up to 11 days until the eggs hatch. The young birds fledge after an interval of 12 to 14 days.

What is their conservation status?

International Union for Conservation of Nature or IUCN Red List has listed Painted Buntings as species of Least Concern. Destruction of their habitat is the main threat encountered by them. They are also trapped and sold in various parts of Central America. All these factors have resulted in a decline in the number of this species.

Painted Bunting Fun Facts

What do Painted Buntings look like?

Male painted buntings have a brightly colored plumage

The painted bunting (Passerina ciris) is a species of bird known for its strikingly colored plumage. The length of their body is 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm) with a wingspan of 8.3-9.1 in (21-23 cm). They exhibit sexual dimorphism because the males are more brightly colored than the females. The male painted bunting undergoes molting in their second year where they acquire blue feathers on their head. The males have a blue-colored head with a bronze-green back. The rump and underparts are usually red. The females have yellowish-green underparts along with greenish upperparts. The tail and wings of both males and females are dark brown or black in color. The plumage of the young birds is like that of the adult female.

How cute are they?

These birds are considered to be cute and their cuteness usually stems from their appearance. The males exhibit a variety of colors in their plumage. Their brightly colored feathers consisting of green, blue, red, and brown colors are extremely attractive.

How do they communicate?

These birds usually communicate through high-pitched vocalization. The Painted bunting song or distinct call usually lasts for at least 30 seconds. The males usually make these calls to guard their territories during the breeding season. They also perform a variety of visual displays including bow displays, body-fluff displays, and upright displays.  

How big is a Painted Bunting?

Their wingspan ranges from 8.3-9.1 in (21-23 cm) with a body length of 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm). They are larger in size than the indigo bunting (4.5-5.1 in).

How fast can a Painted Bunting fly?

Not much is known about the speed of their flight. However, they have some unique flying patterns. It includes butterfly flight which is a slow flight characterized by deep wing beats. The moth flight is another distinct flying pattern. It is a slow descending flight with quivering motion of the wings.

How much does a Painted Bunting weigh?

They weigh 0.5 oz (16 g) on average.

What are their male and female names of the species?

The male-painted buntings are commonly called 'nonpareil' meaning without equal because of their colorful plumage. They are also called 'siete colores' meaning seven colors in Mexico. Like normal birds, the males are called cocks while the females are referred to as hens.

What would you call a baby Painted Bunting?

A baby painted bunting bird is called a chick.

What do they eat?

They mainly feed on a variety of seeds including millets and wheat seeds. They also prey on insects such as bees, snails, caterpillars, and grasshoppers.

Are they dangerous?

They aren't dangerous to humans. However, the males are usually territorial and aggressive towards other birds. They usually call to establish their territory and exhibit threat displays to guard it against intruders.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, they can make a good pet. These birds are often kept in cages because of their colorful plumage. They live longer in captivity, away from the predators.

Did you know...

The species name of painted bunting (Passerina ciris) is believed to have its origin from the Greek Mythology of Scylla, who was turned into a bird named Keiris.

How to attract Painted Buntings

You can attract painted buntings by creating a favorable habitat for the birds in your yard. They forage on the ground, so you must include a lot of shrubs and grassy vegetation in your landscape. You can also offer seeds and grains in a feeder. It is recommended to avoid spraying pesticide as it kills the insects that the birds usually prey on. A natural freshwater source or a birdbath should be present nearby to provide them with clean water.

How rare are Painted Buntings?

They are not rare and are found in abundance in North America. They can be seen in Texas, Arizona, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Florida is the only place where you can find both the wintering and breeding population of eastern painted buntings.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds including the pileated woodpecker and the great green macaw.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one of our painted bunting coloring pages.

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