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21 Amaze-wing Facts About The Rufous Hornero For Kids

Check out these interesting rufous hornero facts.

If you find various birds of the world interesting, then you are going to love reading about the rufous hornero. The rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) is endemic to South America and is quite widespread. They are often seen in flight or foraging in their distribution range. Another common name of this hornero is red ovenbird. The red ovenbird or rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) is known for being an architect as they build incubation nests made of mud and vegetation. The nests are built by both parents. At times, a breeding pair uses the nests that were previously made by some other pair but left unused. However, a pair does not use the same nests twice. The nests are not only a piece of art but protect the species in more than one way. Rufous hornero is known to have many predators like larger birds, and mammals but the nests protect them from predators. Belonging to the family Furnariidae, they have an almost straight bill and a square tail.

If you want to read and know more about the rufous hornero, keep on reading. Check out the ovenbird and purple finch to learn about other species.

Rufous Hornero Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a rufous hornero?

The rufous hornero is a type of bird that hails from South America. It belongs to the phylum Chordata and the order Passeriformes. It is considered to be the national bird of Argentina as well as Uruguay.

What class of animal does a rufous hornero belong to?

The rufous hornero belongs to the Aves class of the Animalia kingdom. It is a part of the family Furnariidae and genus Furnarius.

How many rufous horneros are there in the world?

The exact number of rufous horneros living in the world is unknown. However, spotting this hornero in its distribution range is fairly common. Moreover, their population trend has been increasing.

Where does a rufous hornero live? 

The rufous hornero is one of the most unique birds of the world and hails from South America. It covers a great range from Brazil to Patagonia in the south. In Brazil, it is most common in the southern and south-eastern parts. Being the national bird of Argentina, it covers a huge range in the northern and central parts of the country. Apart from Brazil and Argentina, it is a resident of Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Patagonia. In Patagonia, which is in the southern part of South America, the bird is mostly seen living in the northern parts.

What is a rufous hornero's habitat? 

The rufous hornero's preferred habitat is near human civilization. It is most commonly seen inhabits savannas and scrubs. Apart from that, you can spot a rufous hornero living in agricultural land, pastures.

Who do rufous horneros live with?

Rufous horneros form pairs and live together. Breeding pairs often stick together till the next breeding season. While foraging, they can be seen in pairs or singly. At times, they can be seen foraging in flocks of mixed species of birds. The young, immature chicks live with the parent birds till they are mature enough.

How long does a rufous hornero live?

The rufous hornero is known to live a healthy life of two to five years in the wild.

How do they reproduce?

The breeding season of the rufous hornero is during the spring and goes on till summer. During this period the birds build mud nests made out of clay and vegetation. The mud nests take time to build and are approx 8-10 in (20-25 cm) tall. The rufous hornero nest is built by both parents. The females lay about two to four eggs. The incubation period goes on till about 26 days.

What is their conservation status?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) as a species of Least Concern in their Red List. Moreover, the population trend of the species is known to be increasing. So, it can be assumed that their population is not facing any immediate risk.

Rufous Hornero Fun Facts

What do rufous horneros look like?

Compared to other birds of the world, rufous hornero (belonging to the Furnariidae family) is a medium-sized species. It has its entire body covered in reddish-brown or rufous-brown plumage. They are not the most colorful birds in the world but have paler brown-colored crowns. The coloration of the young chicks is slightly paler than the parent birds. The throat of the species has a white coloration along with a square tail. It is also characterized by an almost straight bill that helps the hornero prey on various insects.

Rufous hornero facts are educational.

How cute are they?

A rufous hornero is considered to be an extremely cute species. With their medium-sized body and reddish-brown plumage, they look absolutely delightful. If you love birds, you will love to watch a group of rufous horneros foraging on the grounds. A rufous hornero inside their complete nest would be a sight worth watching.

How do they communicate?

The rufous hornero (Argentina and other South American countries' residents) communicates through unique calls. The breeding pair engages themselves in a duet song during the breeding season. The male of the species sings faster than the females, and together it sounds like rapid terminal notes.

How big is a rufous hornero? 

A rufous hornero is among the medium-sized birds of the world. The hornero grows up to a length of 6.3-9 in (16–23 cm). Males of the species generally grow larger than females. When compared to the size of an average bee hummingbird, the rufous hornero is almost three times larger.

How fast can a rufous hornero move?

A rufous hornero in flight is a common sight in its distribution range. It is also quite often seen walking on the ground while looking for food. However, the exact speed at which they move has not been studied yet.

How much does a rufous hornero weigh?

A rufous hornero weighs somewhere between 1.1-2.3 oz (31-65 g). They are bulkier than a rufous hummingbird found in North America.

What are the male and female names of the species?

A male rufous hornero is called a cock, and a female rufous hornero is called a hen.

What would you call a baby rufous hornero?

A baby or young rufous hornero is referred to as a chick.

What do they eat? 

The rufous hornero follows an omnivorous diet. They forage on the ground looking for various insects like grasshoppers and insect larvae. Other than that, these species of birds prey on snails and spiders that are found on the ground. The red ovenbird also feeds on various seeds and grass.

Are they dangerous?

There is no study that suggests that rufous hornero is a dangerous species. These birds do not pose any threat to humans.

Would they make a good pet?

Keeping a rufous hornero as a pet is rather uncommon. It prefers living in open habitat and caging it would not be a wise idea.

Kidadl Advisory: All pets should only be bought from a reputable source. It is recommended that as a potential pet owner you carry out your own research prior to deciding on your pet of choice. Being a pet owner is very rewarding but it also involves commitment, time and money. Ensure that your pet choice complies with the legislation in your state and/or country. You must never take animals from the wild or disturb their habitat. Please check that the pet you are considering buying is not an endangered species, or listed on the CITES list, and has not been taken from the wild for the pet trade.

Did you know...

The inside of the rufous hornero bird nest that the ovenbird builds with the help of mud and vegetation has a higher temperature than the outside. Since the nests act as an incubation chamber, the parents can go foraging without worry during the incubation period.

What do rufous horneros represent?

Being one of the most representative species of Argentina, the rufous hornero is an emblematic bird and is the National bird symbol of Argentina.

The rufous hornero as the national bird

The rufous hornero is considered to be the national bird of Argentina and Uruguay. In 1928, the Ornithological Association of Argentina declared the red ovenbird to be the national bird of the country. It was made the national bird as it is considered to be emblematic.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these elegant tit facts and emerald-spotted wood dove facts for kids.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable mockingbird coloring pages.

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