Oxyjulis California, known by their Spanish name senorita, is a very common species of fish found in the eastern Pacific ocean. Senorita the fish is found specifically in the range of Sonoma County, California to central Baja California, and Mexico. It is found in the coastal areas of the mentioned region. However, they can go to the deep depth of the ocean.
They are found in depths up to 330 ft (100.5 m). The senorita fish is ideally recognized by their large scales, small mouths, and protruding teeth. These teeth help them pick bryozoans and hydroids from algae. The species is known to be a pelagic spawner and if threatened is known to dart to the bottom of the ocean and bury the head in the sand to hide. However, the species sleep at night by protruding its head from the sand. The fish is easily recognized as it is covered with white spots on the large scales of the fish. It also has large black spots on the tail. Also, unlike other wrasses, they do not change sex.
Mostly known to feed on copepods and isopods, the main predators of the species are California sea lions, yellowtail, kelp bass, white seabass, Brandt’s cormorants, and many other large fishes. They are a problem for fishermen too as the small wrasses can easily steal the bait off the hooks. The senorita fish is mostly seen having a diet of parasites like copepods and isopods, taken off of the scales and fins of other species of animals. Because of this habit, the fish is also called a cleaner fish. The species is also known to feed on small seaweed.
Senorita (Oxyjulis californica) is a species of fish called wrasse. The fishes are native to the eastern Pacific ocean.
The phylum and class of senorita fish (Oxyjulis californica) are Chordata and Actinopterygii respectively. The fish is a member of the kingdom of Animals.
The population size is not known.
The distribution of the Oxyjulis californica has a range in the eastern Pacific Ocean. The fish is found along the coastal regions of California and Baja California. The range also extends from Salt Point in Sonoma County, in California, and towards the southern central Baja California near the Cedros Island. Some population is also found in Mexico.
Senoritas are mostly used as bait, and only sometimes used as food.
The species is found in near-coastal marine habitats. Even when kept in an aquarium, kept beds are important for their survival with a sand-like substrate for the senorita fish. Kelp forest and reefs constitute the main habitats of this fish.
In this range of habitats, fish is mostly caught by fishermen and used as bait to catch bigger fish.
Senoritas are usually found in small schools in the kelp forests. But when in danger, they dart to the depth of the sea and bury themselves in the substrate.
The senorita fish family is seen doing the same when kept in an aquarium where they dive to the depth of the enclosure and hide.
The lifespan of the species is not known.
While other species of wrasses are not to change from female to male, the senorita fish do not change sex. Eggs are known to be pelagic and float in the water. Spawning of the fish occurs from May to August. Not much is known about the species.
The conservation status of the senorita (Oxyjulis californica) is categorized as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List.
The distribution of their habitat is quite scattered and orange fish are found abundantly.
Oxyjulis californica is a long fish with a slender body. The body is shaped like a cigar. A coloration of brown or shiny bronze is seen on the dorsal side and the sides are colored orange. The belly is colored silver and small white spots along the length of the body are seen. Large black spots are present on the tail.
Male vs female senorita fish, both are almost the same. However, there are doubts if they can change their sexes. Both have protruding teeth which help them pick up hydroids and bryozoans.
The senorita fish juvenile is said to be similar to the adults but is unconfirmed.
They are not usually considered cute.
Fishes communicate by visual or chemical cues.
Oxyjulis californica has a range of length of up to 10 in (25.4 cm). However, most caught species are 6-8 in (15.24-20.32 cm).
Humphead Wrasse found in the coral reefs of the Pacific Ocean is a large species of wrasse. The range of length of the species is 3.3-6.5 ft (1-2 m).
The speed of the fish is not known. However, when threatened or disturbed, the bronze-colored fish is seen to dart to the bottom of the ocean beds and bury the head on the sand. The fish is only seen protruding the head while sleeping at night.
The weight of the species is not known.
Males and females of the senoritas are not given different names.
Babies are called juveniles.
These protruding fishes' main diet includes small invertebrates, such as hydroids, bryozoans, and amphipods. They are often seen eating parasitic copepods and isopods.
Senoritas are known to clean the bodies of other fishes from parasites. However, they leave the place immediately when full.
The diet of these fishes also includes worms, bryozoans, small crustaceans, small invertebrates, fish larvae, dove snails, limpets, and squid. The senorita is a cleaner fish. The meaning of cleaner fish is that they groom the parasites and other materials right off the body of other fishes. Parasites constitute more than half of the menu of the senorita. In the marine habitat, when the senorita is seen removing the parasites from other fishes, lots of other fishes gather around the place to get themselves groomed. Some of these fishes are bat ray, kelp bass, giant sea bass.
There are some predators of small fishes that do not eat the senorita just for the sake of letting them clean the body. However, California sea lions and Brandt's cormorants do eat the fish. Kelp bass which is a predator for small fishes does not eat the senorita. Rockfish species like the starry rockfish and the bocaccio often feed on small fishes but refrain from eating the senorita quite often.
The cigar-shaped senoritas are themselves predators and parasites. However, there are others that diet on these fishes.
Predators of the senorita include California sea lions, yellowtail, kelp bass, white seabass, Brandt’s cormorants, and many other large fishes.
They are not dangerous.
Senoritas need to be kept in a kelp forest aquarium. The aquarium needs to be completed with kelp beds and rocky reefs.
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People mostly use senorita fish as bait while fishing to catch other bigger fishes. Sometimes, it is caught as a byproduct of fishing while catching other fish.
Oxyjulis californica is not found in the menu of most places just because of its small size and lack of weight. However, few people have tasted the fish as food and loved the different flavors of the bronze fish. Others have rejected the food because of the high iodine taste. It gave a mixed reaction from people.
Oxyjulis californica found in Sonoma County, California to central Baja California, and Mexico, like other wrasses, is not known to change sex.
Kelp forest exhibits are used in aquariums to keep the senorita fish.
They are found in the depths of the sea in kelp forests and also near the coastal areas.
A song by Reel Big Fish, Sayonara Senorita has gained a lot of attraction when it was released in 2002.
The name senorita is given locally to the Oxyjulis californica. It is a common name for the species in Spanish.
Senorita fish are known to feed on the parasites that cling onto the bodies of other fishes in the sea. They are also used as baits to catch other species.
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