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Kidadl Team

AUGUST 05, 2021

Fin-tastic Facts About The Shortnose Gar For Kids

Shortnose gar facts about the primitive freshwater fishes.

There exist seven species of gar fish namely, Cuban, Florida, longnose, shortnose, tropical, alligator, and spotted gar. In this article, we will take a look at some fun and interesting facts about the shortnose gar freshwater fish. Gars are related to bowfin and live primarily in freshwater regions with very few species living in saltwater regions. The species range is also seen in Lake Michigan, Alabama, Louisiana, the Ohio River, Montana, and the Missouri River basins.

They inhabit slow-moving stagnant water bodies and large rivers. They are recognized for their unique feature, their long dart bodies. Shortnose gar constitutes primarily bones and is not a preferred choice of meat consumed by humans, however, this does not exempt them from being eaten in different parts of the world.  They are considered ambush predators and feed on fish mostly but also feed on insects. If you liked this article, check out gar and longnose gar.

Shortnose Gar Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a shortnose gar?

Shortnose gar, Lepisosteus platostomus, is a fish and belongs to the Animalia kingdom.

What class of animal does a shortnose gar belong to?

Lepisosteus platostomus, shortnose gar, is a fish and belongs to the Actinopterygii class and Lepisosteidae family.

How many shortnose gar are there in the world?

The exact number of shortnose gar in the world is not evaluated. However, there exist seven species of gar namely, Cuban, Florida, alligator, longnose, shortnose, tropical, and the spotted garfish.

Where does a shortnose gar live?

Shortnose gar, Lepisosteus platostomus, live primarily near freshwater bodies, large rivers, backwaters, and quiet pools. Short-nosed gar are also seen near swamps, creeks, vegetation, and submerged logs as well. These fish are not seen in large water bodies, like the ocean, as much and reside in quiet shallow water.

What is a shortnose gar's habitat?

The shortnose gar is native to the United States where its range includes the Mississippi river basin, Ohio and Montana, in North America, and the Oxbow Lakes. They largely live in calm waters and backwater habitats, in addition, they can survive in swamps, creeks, vegetation, and submerged logs as well. They reside close to where they can find possible prey like small fish, insect larvae, and small crustaceans.

Who do shortnose gar live with?

Shortnose gar are solitary animals. They do, however, reside in water bodies with other species and feed on small fish and insects as well. They are commonly found living in calm waters by large rivers and their backwaters.

How long does a shortnose gar live?

The maximum lifespan for a gar is 18 years. Males usually live for eight years and females usually live for ten years. Females have lower mortality rates as compared to their male counterparts.

How do they reproduce?

Females become sexually mature at six years of age and males between three or four years of age and spawn in May or June. After mating, males accompany females to scatter giant yellowish-green eggs in shallow or quiet water. The eggs hatch in seven to nine days and the young gar stay in vegetation and eat zooplankton. The young remain in the yolk sac for another week wherein they feed on insect larvae and small invertebrates. Young gar lead solitary lives and are less than 10 inches in length. They gar eggs are toxic to birds as well as mammals who feed on eggs.

What is their conservation status?

They are classified as of Least Concern by the International Union For Conservation Of Nature (IUCN).

Shortnose Gar Fun Facts

What do shortnose gar look like?

The shortnose gar is a good sport fish but their popularity as a sport fish is low. Their outer appearance is an elongated body and head containing one row of sharp, conical teeth. They lack the upper jaw of the alligator gar and have toothed jaws. The width of the upper jaw at the nostrils is less than the diameter of their eyes and they have a long snout. Shortnose gar are armored with interlocking rows of rhomboid ganoid scales. They vary in color but are more or less similar shades of brown. Their ganoid scales are non-overlapping and diamond-shaped. They have fins that are smooth and slimy in nature. Shortnose gar have the ability to utilize their bladder-like lungs to extract and use oxygen from swallowed air along with regulated buoyancy.

How cute are they?

All species of gar have slight differences however, each one is unique in its own way. They are equally cute to watch from a distance. They are known for their elongated, patterned bodies, bony head, snout, and teeth.

How do they communicate?

They are largely gregarious fish often found in groups of two to five, sometimes along with shortnose gar. Their communication is not well understood however, they have other forms of communication which they make use to attract potential mates. They also communicate through body movements.  

How big is a shortnose gar?

Shortnose gar is 24inch (60cm) long which is 50 times bigger than the world's tiniest and smallest fish in the world called Paedocypris which is 10.3 mm in size. The smallest species of gar fishes is the shortnose gar.

How fast can a shortnose gar swim?

They are relatively fast as compared to other species of fish and move faster when they sense the presence of a predator or prey. They rapidly vibrate their fins propelling them toward their prey to catch their prey on time. Fins are instrumental in helping fish direct movement in a particular direction as well as regulating movement speed.

How much does a shortnose gar weigh?

Shortnose gar weigh around 3.08lbs (1.4kg). Alligator gar are among the largest gar species. Mature alligators commonly measure six ft (1.8m).

What are their male and female names of the species?

Male gar and female gar species are not addressed differently. Males usually live for eight years and females usually live for ten years.

What would you call a baby shortnose gar?

The young remain in the yolk sac for another week wherein they feed on insect larvae and small invertebrates. Shortnose gar is poisonous in nature and hence it's dangerous for other fishes as well as mammals to consume.

What do they eat?

Young gars consume a variety of food items, ranging from tiny crustaceans to different insects and fish. They feed more actively at night than during the day. shortnose gar consumes more invertebrates than any other species of gar. Young shortnose gar eat insect larvae and small crustaceans.

Are they dangerous?

Shortnose gar eggs are poisonous for birds, mammals as well as humans. They are known to attack if their space is interfered with. They don't attack humans although they might appear dangerous.

Would they make a good pet?

Fishing for gar is different than fishing for other fish. To catch a gar is to sight fish. Look for their fins striking out of the water in shallows. While fishing one must be extremely patient to be successful to catch a gar. Preferably go fishing in oxbow lakes, bayous, and slow delta rivers. Each state has varying fishing regulations.

Did you know...

The alligator gar is the largest gar species commonly found in the southern United States. The alligator gar is often compared to longnose gar. They are followed by the Florida gar, which is seen in Florida and Georgia.

The longnose gar, or billy gar, is a ray-finned member of the gar family that has been around for 100 million years.

What is the difference between longnose gar and shortnose gar?

The longnose gar is longer and has a narrower snout hence they are called needlenose gar. The longnose gar is found mostly in the Texas region. The shortnose gar, on the other hand, is similar to the spotted gar in size and weight but lacks dark spots on top of the head, paired fins, scales and has a shorter snout. The longnose gar is the second largest freshwater fish in North America, second to the white sturgeon, while the shortnose gar is the smallest of the gar species.

Is a gar a sturgeon?

The bony fish include members of families such as true gars, pikes, and surgeonfish.  All of which have certain common characteristics even though they are not completely the same. Gars are seen specifically in freshwater bodies. All of these species are unique and distinct in their own ways when kept in aquariums they are sure to put forward an impressive display for people watching them. If you wish to see them you too could visit a center or aquarium where they are kept.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other fish including the manta ray and the eagle ray.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one of our shortnose gar coloring pages.

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