South China Tiger Interesting Facts
What type of animal is a South China tiger?
The South China tiger is part of a more rare subspecies of the common tiger. Panthera tigris amoyensis is the scientific name for this subspecies. Also known as the Xiamen tiger or the Chinese Amoy tiger. The name Panthera tigris amoyensis is derived because of the local Amoy dialect spoken in the southern regions of Xiamen. The Xiamen Tiger, as it is sometimes called, this subspecies is a carnivorous animal and loves to hunt in the wild amidst its natural habitat.
What class of animal does a South China tiger belong to?
The South China tiger belongs to the class of Mammalia. It belongs to a similar genus called Panthera, as do the species of leopard, jaguar, and lion. The millions of years of evolution create the resultant difference. South China tigers are known for producing hybrids in captivity with lions.
How many South China tigers are there in the world?
South China tigers were moved to different areas of captivity to help them restore their population. There are currently about around 100 being bred in captivity - most are in Chinese zoos and breeding centers. They haven't been seen in their natural habitat for many years now. Including adult animals and cubs, it is assumed that there are less than 20 of these tigers in the wild. South China tigers are thus critically endangered.
Where does a South China tiger live?
In previous years, the South China tigers were known to live in the major parts of central China all the way up to Hong Kong. Hunting and human encroachment have drastically reduced the chances of finding them in the wild areas of those regions making their population scarce.
What is a South China tiger's habitat?
Although the South China tiger can live in several different conditions, the subspecies does prefer dense tropical forests and regions of heavy vegetation. This makes it so much easier for them to find other animals and get their prey.
Who do South China tigers live with?
The South China tigers prefer a life of solitude and thus live alone. They do not generally mix in the wild or with animals of other subspecies. They don't even hunt in packs. At eight weeks, the South China tiger cubs are free to roam and explore their surroundings. At six months, they begin learning how to hunt in the wild and get their own prey by 18 months. The South China tiger cubs are completely independent by 24 months to manage on their own in the wild.
How long does a South China tiger live?
The South China tiger can live for 15 years in the wild. When kept in captivity, they tend to live five years more because of proper medical attention and treatment for diseases and ailments.
How do they reproduce?
There is no specific season for reproduction with the South China tigers and hence they are free to mate throughout the year. The subspecies usually prefer the months of winters and spring for the same. The females send signals through scent or marks and sometimes even induce competition between the male counterparts for reproduction. Post mating, the males go about their routine and the females carry the babies for 100 days before birth. One litter usually consists of one to four cubs. Her job is to protect and feed them as well as teach the cubs how to hunt.
What is their conservation status?
The South China tiger population has been steadily on the decline in the wild because of atrocious hunting in the mid 20th century. They are considered as one of the most endangered subspecies. Availability of natural habitat and prey are also some major reasons for the decline of this tiger subspecies. Several initiatives are being undertaken across the world to promote the conservation of this subspecies that focuses on promoting its growth in the wild.
South China Tiger Fun Facts
What do South China tigers look like?
The most remarkable aspect of the South China tiger is the coloration and the stripes. They are more distinct and vivid as compared to the other common tiger subspecies. They are almost orange or deep yellow throughout the body. The chest, legs, and some parts of the face are white in color. The stripes help them camouflage with the surroundings while they are hunting in the wild.
How cute are they?
The South China tiger, or Panthera tigris amoyensis as they are called, is a ferocious but good-looking creature with broad stripes. Their cubs are especially cute. The distinct features and bold stripes of this tiger subspecies make them majestic and quite appealing to the eye.
How do they communicate?
Although this tiger subspecies prefers to live in solitude, it has its own ways of communication. When it meets the other tiger in the wild, it has a series of vocalizations to convey different emotions like anger, anxiety, or dominance. It also leaves scents and marks to communicate with the females.
How big is a South China tiger?
The South China tiger size differs from males to females. The subspecies is considered the second smallest among the common tiger species. They are 90-103 inches long. A young cub of the South China tiger weighs 2lb and is about one-third the size of a human baby.
How fast can a South China tiger run?
It can reach speeds of 35 - 40 mph (49 - 65 kph).
How much does a South China tiger weigh?
The South China tiger is generally considered to be one of the smallest tigers in the subspecies and weighs anything in between 221-430 lbs (100kg - 195kg).
What are their male and female names of the species?
Although the South China tiger, Panthera tigris amoynesis, and Xiamen Tiger are some of the names used for this endangered creature, there are no specific names given for the males and females of this species.
What would you call a baby South China tiger?
The baby South China tiger is called a cub like other tigers.
What do they eat?
The South China tigers are carnivores and thus they get their prey through hunting. Herbivorous animals like deer, boars, cattle, and goats form a major part of their diet. They rarely eat smaller primitive species like porcupines, hares, and peafowl, making them anti-pest.
Are they dangerous?
Despite being one of the smallest, the South China tigers can be ferocious at times.
Would they make a good pet?
As they are carnivorous animals, the South China Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) won't make a good domestic pet.
Did you know...
The South China tiger facts state that these tiger's stripes are unique to each one of them, just like the fingerprints in humans. Since meat forms a major part of their diet, these tigers have special hunting skills. They can hunt both on land and in water. Unlike other tigers, the stripes of the South China tiger are broad, with more space between them, making them look even better.
What do South China tigers hunt?
The South China tigers usually hunt large mammals like deer, wild boar, cattle, and goats.
Are South China tigers extinct?
They are not extinct but critically endangered animals, which means that very few of them are left in the world. Some experts suggest it could be less than 20 pairs in the wild and around 100 in the zoo.
You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our South China tiger coloring pages.