Are you interested to learn about different reptile species? If yes, then you should keep on reading to find out about the three-toed box turtle (Terrapene carolina triunguis). It is a North American turtle that is a subspecies of the bigger group of box turtles. The natural habitat of the turtle is in south-central United States. The state of Missouri has also made the three-toed turtle their official state reptile. These are omnivorous animals that mainly feed on other animals. The beautiful upper shell of this turtle is olive-brown with orange lines on the carapace and yellow lines on the plastron. These turtles get their common name from the three toes present on their hind feet. Humidity is loved by these turtles, and it likes to stay in habitats that are near shallow water. One of the best things about these turtles is their long life expectancy, which can go up to 100 years or more. This subspecies breeds during the spring and summer seasons when the temperatures are favorable. The turtle has become a common part of the pet trade, but its population is still going strong.
The three-toed box turtle is a subspecies of the box turtle that is one of the species of hinge-shelled turtles.
The three-toed box turtle belongs to the class Reptilia and to the genus Terrapene.
Three-toed box turtles are quite common in their native area and are also a common pet for many. Hence, it is quite hard to find the exact number for the total population of the three-toed box turtles.
Three-toed box turtles are native to the United States. They are found in the south and central parts of the country. Their native range is from eastern Texas to the northern half of the Florida Panhandle, and from the states of Missouri and Kansas to Louisiana. The three-toed box turtle is also Missouri's official reptile.
The three-toed box turtle is found near shallow water as it is a semi-aquatic animal. The usual habitat for the turtle includes woodlands and meadows. The species is also great at adapting to human households; however, their enclosure needs to be similar to the turtle's native habitat. When kept as pets, the turtles can either be placed in an outside enclosure or an inside enclosure. As they like to burrow, some light substrate should be made available. The enclosure should be big enough for the turtle to roam around easily.
As a subspecies of the box turtle, three-toed box turtles are also solitary in the wild. Even in captivity, these turtles do not need companions. The turtles often only get together during the mating season.
The three-toed box turtle lives for a long time. The average life span for the species is considered to be around 25-35 years. However, in the wild, they have been known to survive to be 100 years old or even more.
The breeding season of the three-toed box turtle is usually during the spring and summer months. It is also when the turtles can mostly be sighted in their wild habitat. Every breeding season, the females lay up to eight eggs. The eggs are laid by the females in a shallow nest dug in the ground with the help of the turtle's back feet. The females leave the eggs covered to incubate on their own with the heat from the ground. It takes approximately three months for the baby turtles to come out. The babies grow up on their own. The sexes of the hatchlings depend on the temperature present in the nest. Lower temperatures give rise to males, while higher temperatures give rise to females. The turtles can take up to 10 years to reach sexual maturity. An interesting thing about this subspecies is that it also interbreeds with the eastern box turtles.
According to the IUCN Red List, three-toed box turtles are Vulnerable.
When you have a look at the three-toed box turtle (Terrapene carolina triunguis), it may not look very different from the average box turtle species. As a subspecies, the main distinctive characteristic of this species is the three toes present on their hind feet. It can also have four toes instead of three toes in some cases. When it comes to the shell, the upper shell, or carapace, is usually olive-brown in color with radiating yellow or orange lines. In contrast, the plastron or the lower shell is light brown or straw-colored with radiating yellow lines. The three-toed box turtle is also known for red or yellow markings present on its head and legs of males. A raised line can also be seen on the upper shell of these turtles. The eyes are often red in color, though they can also black. The legs of box turtles tend to be a little more rounded and small.
A three-toed box turtle is quite cute and beautiful. Their olive-brown shell with colorful markings does make it look extremely beautiful.
Even though box turtles have the ability to vocalize, they don't make use of it that often. The calls are mainly used to communicate with their mates. A hissing sound might also be produced when the turtle is irritated. A lot is yet to be known about the communication patterns present in these reptiles. One of the interesting things is that box turtles, like other turtles, can also recognize their owners through their sight and sounds.
The average size of the three-toed box turtle is around 3.5-5 in (8.8-12.7 cm). Adult males can be slightly bigger than adult females. The size of the box turtle three-toed is quite similar or slightly smaller to that of the Florida box turtle that reaches an average length of 4-6 in (12.1-17.3 cm).
The swimming speed of the subspecies three-toed box turtle is around 5.8 mph which is the average range for the box turtle species.
The average weight of the three-toed box turtle is around 1-2 lb (0.4-0.9 kg).
There are no distinct names for the male and female three-toed box turtles.
Baby three-toed box turtles are called hatchlings.
They are omnivorous reptiles, so they eat a lot of things including usual plant matter. These turtles are defined as opportunistic omnivores and are fond of eating insects found in shallow water. The three-toed box turtle's food can also include things like carrion and small animals like snails, worms, amphibians, and small mammals. Up to 60% of this turtle's diet consists of animal protein. When kept as pets, the turtles should be given a balanced diet which should include fruits and vegetables. The turtle can even be fed low-fat dog food. However, as these turtles have a tendency to grow obese, it is better to give them a limited amount of food. The box turtle can also be given lettuce.
No, box turtles aren't poisonous. However, the turtles can consume poisonous mushrooms or other plant matter without getting any reaction from it. Some speculate that eating the turtles may lead to poisoning because of the remnants of the mushroom toxin.
Yes, this is a docile turtle that makes a good pet, and it can adapt well to living in captivity. However, it is important to think about the impact of keeping a wild animal in captivity as a pet. Due to the pet trade, a huge number of these reptiles are poached from the wild every year. If you decide to go ahead with getting a three-toed box turtle, it is advisable to get more information about the breeder to know if the turtles have been bred in captivity or not.
Kidadl Advisory: All pets should only be bought from a reputable source. It is recommended that as a potential pet owner you carry out your own research prior to deciding on your pet of choice. Being a pet owner is very rewarding but it also involves commitment, time and money. Ensure that your pet choice complies with the legislation in your state and/or country. You must never take animals from the wild or disturb their habitat. Please check that the pet you are considering buying is not an endangered species, or listed on the CITES list, and has not been taken from the wild for the pet trade.
Three-toed box turtles practice brumation during the winter season. It digs through dirt and leaf litter with its feet to burrow and go dormant until the temperature rises.
The hard shell of this turtle prevents most animals from preying on it.
Are you thinking of getting a three-toed box turtle? If yes, then spend enough time figuring out the humidity. Their enclosures need to have a proper humidity level, and always remember to add non-chlorinated water in the uniform hydration system that you set up for your turtle.
One of the easiest ways to tell the males from the females is through their tails. The male has a longer and thicker tail compared to that of the females. Males can also have red or orange eyes compared to females. The male turtles can also be more colorful and have hints of red, orange, or yellow on their head and legs. It can be hard to tell the sex of hatchlings and juvenile turtles, so it is better to keep them separate from each other.
The three-toed box turtles lay between three and eight eggs in a single breeding season.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other reptiles including Orinoco crocodile facts or painted turtle facts.
You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable three-toed box turtle coloring pages.