Wreckfish Interesting Facts
What type of animal is a wreckfish?
Wreckfish is a large marine ray-finned fish. It belongs to the family Polyprionidae.
What class of animal does a wreckfish belong to?
Wreckfish is a large marine fish and belongs to the class Actinopterygii.
How many wreckfish are there in the world?
The actual number of wreckfish in the world is not available.
Where does a wreckfish live?
Atlantic wreckfish are found mainly in the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. It is precisely found in the western Atlantic Ocean and commercial fishery found southeast of Charleston, South Carolina.
What is a wreckfish's habitat?
The distribution of wreckfish is mainly in the deepwater of the western Atlantic Ocean. They are found in the natural reefs, caves, densely scattered areas with boulders, rocky substrates, shipwrecks, etc. As the Atlantic wreckfish is found in these spots, it got its name from its habitat.
Who do wreckfish live with?
Wreckfish are solitary species that live as individuals. They gather together only to breed during the summer season. The young wreckfish form groups and move together to protect themselves from predators while hunting small fishes also.
How long does a wreckfish live?
Wreckfish, or stone bass, have an expected lifespan of 90 years.
How do they reproduce?
The male Atlantic wreckfish attain maturity at nine years, while the female wreckfish attain maturity at 10 years. The reproduction process is the same as the other fishes, and their breeding starts during the summer season. The male wreckfish releases sperms in the ocean while the female wreckfish releases the eggs. The spawning of young wreckfish can be found from the end of July to the beginning of October.
What is their conservation status?
The conservation status of wreckfish is termed as Data Deficient by the IUCN.
Wreckfish Fun Facts
What do wreckfish look like?
The wreckfish, also called the stone bass, is a cousin of sea bass and therefore shares some similarities. It has dark brown color with blotches of yellow that fade on the belly, allowing it to blend with the seafloor easily. The underside is a silvery sheen, and the back is bluish-gray. Soft rays are composed of square-edged fins. The fins are black-brown in color. The wreckfish of the family Polyprionidae has a large head, eyes, and mouth with the lower jaw protruding outside. There are 11 spines in the two dorsal fins and 12 branched rays in the second dorsal fins. The fish has small scales that are firmly attached to the body.
How cute are they?
One may not find the Atlantic wreckfish cute because of their robust spiny body. The lower jaw protrudes outside, and the fins are spiny at the top, which makes them look dangerous.
How do they communicate?
These fish are mainly found at the bottom of the ocean floor, so there is no data available regarding their communication.
How big is a wreckfish?
Wreckfish is a pretty big fish with a length of 30-48 in (76-122 cm) and a maximum recorded length of 83 in (210 cm).
How fast can a wreckfish swim?
There isn't any data available on the swimming speed of wreckfish. But fishermen associated with these species believe that their speed is not more than 25 mph (40 kph). A special fishing line is used to catch them. It swims approximately twice as fast as bonefish. According to fishermen, any species that swim over 30 mph (48 kph) cannot be caught by the fishing line.
How much does a wreckfish weigh?
What are the male and female names of the species?
There isn't any specific name for the male species and female of the species of the wreckfish.
What would you call a baby wreckfish?
There isn't any specific name of a baby wreckfish and is therefore called a young wreckfish.
What do they eat?
The diet of a wreckfish varies, but it mainly consumes fish, cuttlefish, squid that live at the bottom of the ocean. It also consumes octopus and crustaceans found inside the Charleston Bump located southeast of Charleston, South Carolina, in the South Atlantic Ocean. They are also opportunistic because a report once came where a wreckfish devoured a small shark that was feeding on a dead swordfish.
Are they dangerous?
Wreckfish is not a dangerous animal. They remain mainly at the bottom of the ocean floor or in caves, shipwrecks, or natural reefs in the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean.
Would they make a good pet?
Wreckfish may not make a good pet because they are marine species usually found at the bottom of the ocean, forming their habitat. Their diet is also based on fish found in deep water, which shall not be possible for pet owners to provide. So it's recommended not to have them as pets.
Did you know...
One of the interesting facts about Atlantic wreckfish is that it reaches 220 lb (100 kg), which places it on the largest Serranidae species list.
The wreckfish are bred for commercial consumption and fishing by South Atlantic fishery management under US regulations. The South Atlantic fishery management produces them in special fisheries for commercial purposes, i.e. for human consumption. A special fishing line is used to catch the fish and to minimize seafloor damage.
Another interesting feature about wreckfish is that they survive at depths of 140-3,300 ft (43-1006 m).
Catching and eating wreckfish
Atlantic wreckfish, like salmon, are consumed by humans because of their flavor and taste and can be used in multiple preparations. The fish has a firm flesh of white color with a mild flavor. The young ones taste sweet and juicy, whereas the larger fish tastes heavy and flaked. Hydraulic hook-and-line is the main fishing gear used to catch the fish so that the seafloor is not damaged by this type of fishing gear. They are now bred in the commercial fishery for consumption and fishing purposes.
Naming the wreckfish
The Atlantic wreckfish gets its name from the habitat where it is found. This fish is mainly found in shipwrecks, caves, natural reefs, and areas where there are large amounts of boulders. The other names of this fish are bass groper or stone bass.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other fishes from our Pacific cod facts and fluke fish facts pages.
You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable wreckfish coloring pages.