Periodic Table Group Names Explained For Parents

A periodic table lists all the elements and places them into different groups.
Share
Tweet

A periodic table is a compilation of chemical elements in tabular form.

All the elements in the periodic table are arranged according to a few characters. These are: common chemical properties, electron configuration (electron distribution in orbits), and atomic numbers (number of protons in an atom).

The periodic table is divided into seven rows called periods and 18 columns called groups. Here's a condensed list of all the groups in the Periodic table which you can easily teach your children.

To learn more about different names, take a look at these Royal last names or these Thai last names and meanings.

Periodic Table Groups

Group 1: Alkali Metals

Alkali metals are soft, ductile, and good conductors of electricity and heat.  This group includes the elements Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, and Francium. Alkali metals are very reactive. Compared to other elements they have a low melting and boiling point.

Group 2: Alkaline Earth Metals

The second group of elements in the Periodic table is Alkaline Earth metals. These elements are found in the crust of the earth and are soft and silvery metals. They can conduct heat and electricity and can be made into sheets. Some elements in this group are Beryllium, Calcium, and Magnesium.

Group 3 To Group 12: Transition Metals

The elements from Group 3 to 12 are called Transition Metals. They include the Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel,  Copper, and Zinc families of elements. Transition Metals are hard and dense, are good conductors of heat and electricity, and can be bent easily. Gold, Iron, and Copper are important such elements.

(The periodic table is arranged in groups of elements with similar characteristics.

Group 13: Boron Group

The Boron Group is named after the lead element of Boron. They are good conductors but are rarely found in nature. Aluminium is an exception in this group as it is found in abundance.

Group 14: Carbon Group

The Carbon group, consists of Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead, and Flerovium.  All the elements are found in nature quite widely, except Flerovium. Elements in this group and their compounds are usually toxic.

Group 15: Pnictogens

The Pnictogens are made of Nitrogen (N), followed by Phosphorus (represented as P), Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb), Bismuth (Bi), and finally, Moscovium (Mc). While Nitrogen and Phosphorus are found naturally, the others are not with Moscovium being a synthetic element only made in labs.

Group 16: Chalcogens

The Chalcogens have the elements Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, and the radioactive element Polonium.  Livermorium is a synthetic element that is part of this group. While Oxygen and Phosphorus are abundant in nature, Selenium and Tellurium are not. Polonium is only found in trace amounts due to radioactive decay and Livermorium is made only in labs.

Group 17: Halogens

Halogens consist of Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine, and the synthetic element Tennessine. These are non-metals which are poor conductors with low melting and boiling points.  The Halogen group is also the only group where at room temperature all three states of matter can be seen in the elements.

Group 18: Noble Gases

Noble Gases are made of Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon, and the synthetic gas Oganesson. They constitute around 0.96% of the atmosphere. These gases have various uses such as lighting, welding, and space exploration, although they are highly unreactive and colorless in nature.

Kidadl has lots of great name articles to inspire you. If you liked our list of periodic table names then why not learn about these Hungarian last names, or these Indian last names all with history and meanings.

Disclaimer

Disclaimer

At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents.

We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family.

Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability.

Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong.

Sponsorship & Advertising Policy

Kidadl is independent and to make our service free to you the reader we are supported by advertising.

We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. This does not influence our choices. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published.

Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.

We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content.

Read our Sponsorship & Advertising Policy
Get The Kidadl Newsletter

1,000 of inspirational ideas direct to your inbox for things to do with your kids.

Thank you! Your newsletter will be with you soon.
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.