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The Romans lived thousands of years ago, and in some ways, they were one of the world's most advanced civilisations ever. They lived in the middle of Italy, and also conquered many other areas which became part of the Roman Empire.
Ancient Rome was also a fascinating place, where many amazing inventions were created, including many inventions that we still use today. KS2 kids learning about the Romans in history at school will love learning all about the helpful creations that the Romans invented. This guide will help parents to support their child's education at KS2.
Take a look at this educational and fun guide to help your child discover all about ancient Roman inventions.
Cool Roman Inventions
The Romans created a regular and systematic road network, which had never been seen before, though some individual pathways had existed before. The first Roman road was created in 312 BCE, by an official called Appius Claudius Caecus in Italy. Roman roads were the first ever built in Britain. Many, such as Fosse Way, the oldest Roman road in Britain, are still in use today. A typical Roman road was straight and built from concrete, with a drainage system surrounding it.
These highways were important because they meant that soldiers could travel quickly, and that messages and goods could be delivered more efficiently throughout the enormous Roman Empire, which stretched from North Africa to Britain. Most roads were built by Roman soldiers. Throughout the Roman Empire, the ancient Romans built 50,000 miles of road, which were mostly used by soldiers and merchants, travelling by foot or chariot.
Aqueducts are another invention developed by the Romans, and are systems of pipes that transport water from natural sources to cities, for drinking and washing purposes. A huge aqueduct system was built within the Roman Empire from around 312 BCE to 226 CE. The first Roman aqueduct was called the Aqua Appia, and it was built by Appius Claudius Caecus, the official who also built Rome's first road!
Did You Know: Impressive arches were often used by the Romans when constructing an aqueduct. Arches allowed water in pipes to be transported overseas.
The Romans also advanced the sewer system in Rome, which was originally built by the Etruscans in around 500 BCE. The main purpose of Roman sewers was to remove excess water from the streets, rather than for hygiene purposes. One of the earliest and largest sewer systems in the Roman Empire was called the Cloaca Maxima, which carried wastewater from Rome's latrines and baths into the River Tiber in Italy. It was built by the Roman King Tarquinius Priscus in 600 BCE.
The Romans were the first people to combine limestone rock, water and volcanic rock and sand to form concrete; a hard substance that we still use in buildings. This was developed in the 3rd century CE by Roman builders. Though similar materials had been used previously, the volcanic rock the Romans used made their concrete especially useful, because it prevented it from cracking. The Romans were the first people to popularise concrete as a building material. It was used by the Romans to build many different things, including harbours, terraces and even the Colosseum.
The calendar - which we still use today - is another invention created and developed by the Romans. The first 12-month calendar was first created by the ancient Roman King Numa Pompilius, and later on Julius Caesar, a famous Roman leader, developed this into the Julian calendar in 46 BCE. This was the first calendar based on the movement of the sun rather than the moon, and consisted of 365 days. It heavily influenced the way we measure time today.
Did You Know: Julius Caesar was a Roman politician and military leader, who was a dictator of ancient Rome. He was eventually murdered by other Roman politicians, but his great-grandnephew ended up being the first Roman Emperor.
6.Surgical Processes and Tools
The Romans developed surgical methods and tools that we still use in modern day medicine, like the scapellus, the forerunner of the modern day scalpel. Some medical inventions are no longer used, such as the cupping vessel, which was used to allow for blood loss, which the Romans thought would restore health to people. These developments were influenced by the ancient Greeks, and took place from 460 BCE.
The Romans first came up with the idea of underfloor heating, which is pretty cool! The first underfloor heating system was developed in ancient Rome, and it is thought to have been invented in 80BCE by a Roman inventor called Sergius Orata. The Roman heating system was called a hypocaust and used stone stacks to spread hot air. The hypocaust was often used to heat baths.
The very first newspaper available to the public was also invented by the ancient Romans. It was called the Acta Diurna, which means "daily acts" and the famous Roman general Julius Caesar was its editor. It began in 59 BCE, though prior to this, private daily notices called actae also existed for important officials. You could read all about upcoming events like gladiator games or discover political information. The Acta Diurna was posted all around Rome.
Did You Know: You could read your horoscope in the first Roman newspaper, which also had a gossip column about famous and powerful Romans!
The first bound book was invented in ancient Rome, and was widely used by the 1st century CE. This was known as a codex, which consisted of lots of pages bound together on papyrus, rather than scrolls or tablets which were previously used for reading. The inventor of the codex and when it was created remains a mystery, although some credit Julius Caesar.
Did you know that fast food was invented by the Romans? Fast food restaurants could be found on the streets of ancient Rome, and they were known as thermopolia. Thermopolia are thought to have been invented 2,000 years ago, although we do not know who first thought of the idea. Often, Romans would grab a quick snack or meal from a thermopolium, where you could find cheese dipped in honey, and garum, which was a special Roman fish sauce.
Roman Invention Activities For Kids
1.Kids who love creative writing could write their own article to be featured in a Roman newspaper.
2.Why not pay a visit to some Roman inventions that still stand? There are many aqueducts near Hadrian's Wall in Northumberland.
3.Your child could come up with their own illustrated thermopolium menu, using the internet to discover different Roman foods.
Mia is a student from London who loves spending time with her family and two younger siblings. As a History student, she especially enjoys family days out to museums, and loved reading all about the past as a child. Her favourite historical book series as a child was The Lady Grace Mysteries by Patricia Finney. Mia also loves exploring London’s restaurants, theatres and parks, and finding new and exciting things to do in her local area.