41 Violin Parts Names For Budding Violinists

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Feb 16, 2024 By Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Originally Published on Jun 07, 2022
Edited by Shadiya Ahammad
Fact-checked by Nishtha Dixit
Violin parts names are essential for every violinist who wants to learn more about the sound waves from the musical instrument.
Age: 0-99
Read time: 9.1 Min



A talented violinist must amass a diverse body of information.

Violinists must be able to bow, and pluck their instrument's strings in various ways, from the first position to the second, third, and fourth. A violin's components are composed of various types of wood.

Gut, Perlon, or other synthetic strings and steel strings can be used to string violins making the violin one of the most complicated musical instruments. A luthier or violinmaker is someone who builds or fixes violins. An archetier or bowmaker is someone who builds or repairs bows.

How much is the height of the fingerboard? How are the strings made? How to hold the violin with your left hand? Read on to know more about the parts of the violin made of wood and other materials.

Violin Bow Parts Names

A bow made of a stick with a horsehair ribbon strung between the tip and frog (or nut, or heel) at opposing ends is used to play the violin.

A Standard Violin Bow can measure up to 75 cm (30 in) in length and weigh around 60 g (2.1 oz). Viola bows can be as short as 5 mm (0.20 in) and as heavy as 10 g (0.35 oz). A screw adjustment at the frog end tightens or loosens the hair.

A Leather Thumb Cushion called the grip and winding just forward of the frog protects the stick and offers a tight hold for the player's hand. Wire (typically silver or plated silver), silk, or baleen are used in traditional windings ('whalebone', now substituted by alternating strips of tan and black plastic.) A plastic sleeve is used as grip and winding on some fiberglass student bows.

Bow Hair is usually derived from a gray male horse's tail (predominantly white hair). Synthetic fiber is used in some of the less expensive bows. The hair is rubbed with solid rosin to make it slightly sticky, and the friction between the bow and the string causes the string to vibrate producing sound. Snakewood and brazilwood are two traditional materials for more expensive bow sticks (also known as Pernambuco wood).

Before learning about bow direction, a string player should get familiar with the following sections of the bow.

Bow Stick, the bow's main wooden 'body,' is the stick, which gives it its curved shape, curving inward toward the hair. Violin bows are used to curve outward, allowing for simultaneous playing of all strings.

At all levels of workmanship, some new bow design advancements incorporate carbon fiber (CodaBows) for the stick. In addition, bows for students are manufactured of less expensive woods or from fiberglass (Glasser).

Concave Bows are more responsive and efficient, even if they can only handle fewer strings. Bow sticks are primarily composed of Pernambuco, a firm, durable wood that ensures the bow's longevity.

Bow Hair commonly useshorsehair. When playing violins, violas, and cellos, it spreads across most of the bow's length, generating a ribbon that captures and oscillates the strings.

The Frog holds the lower end of the bow's hair. The hair passes through the frog, which prevents tangles and bunching by keeping the strands flat.

The Grip Or Pad, also known as the pad, is found near the bottom, right above the point where the strings are attached to the frog. The grips are constructed of thin leather material. The bow is held between the tips of the pointer finger and the thumb, which goes between the grip and the hair without touching the hair, and the player's fingers are put on the grip.

The Tip is the topmost section of the bow that can be employed.The hair links directly to the bow and stick at the upper edge of the bow.

A violin body is made up of back, belly, and ribs.

Names For Parts Of A Violin

The violin is both a beautiful and symmetrical object with a sophisticated mechanical design. Get to know the violin parts to gain a better understanding of how they work.

Ailpiece Gut is the cable that connects the violin and tailpiece.

Bass Bar, the bass bar is a piece of wood situated beneath the strings on the faceplate's bottom. It's a fundamental component that permits lower pitches to reverberate when the bow is used to play the strings, thus it's a crucial item that must fit precisely.

Bridge Of The Violin is a piece of maple wood that balances beneath the strings and transmits vibrations from the strings into the instrument's body to create music.

Chinrest is a shaped piece of wood or plastic on which the violinist's chin and jawline are supported. It's connected to the tailpiece.

Core And Winding the core of the violin strings used to be made of 'catgut,' or twisted sheep's intestines.

Corner Blocks inside the violin are wooden blocks that help to stabilize the instrument's construction.

End Button, using the tailgut, the end button on the violin secures the tailpiece. Ebony is used traditionally for the end button. Any sort of wood, or even metal, such as titanium, can be used.

F-holes are the two holes from which the violin produces music. They have the shape of a cursive fs. These, together with the hollow construction of the violin, generate resonance.

Fine Tuner(s) are small tuners located on the tailpiece. Fine tuners help tune the violin, albeit at a slower rate than the pegs. Fine tuners are commonly found on all strings on smaller violins, but only on the E-string on full-size violins.

Fingerboard is the surface on which the fingers press down on the strings. Ebony is the most common material used.

Neck is the violin section between the body and the pegbox, and the scroll is called the neck.

Nut is a little piece of wood between the pegbox and the fingerboard. Each string emerges over the fingerboard through one of the four notches.

Pegbox is the area where the strings are looped around the pegs. It is the part of the violin where the strings are attached to the violin body. In a modern violin made of wood, the pegbox can affect the sound that comes from playing the violin as it holds the strings. You can adjust the tension of the strings with help of the fine tuner.

Pegs, the strings are looped around four wooden pegs. They are used to tune the strings of the instrument. A string's pitch is raised or decreased by tightening or loosening it.

Pickup converts the acoustic vibrations of the violin into an electrical signal that is then transmitted to an amplifier (much like is done with an electric guitar, an electric bass, or an electronic keyboard) on an electric violin.

Purfling is a thin strip of three-ply wood inlaid in a channel around the edge to protect the violin from damage. It may appear to be a decorative contour drawn around the violin's edge, but its function is more protective than aesthetic.

Ribs are the thin wood strips that wind around the sides of the violin, connecting the top and back to form the soundbox.

Saddle is a block on the inside of the violin that aids in the stability of the tailgut and string tension.

Scroll is the ornamental top of the violin. The scroll is usually carved in the shape of a scroll, although it can also be in the shape of a person's head.

Soundpost, inside the violin, under the right side of the bridge, is a wooden post. It is necessary for conveying string vibrations into the violin's body to produce music, and its placement can alter the volume and/or tone quality of that sound.

Strings, the violin has four strings that are tuned in fifths. G, D, A, and E are the lowest to highest (left to right). Steel, synthetic materials, and/or animal intestines are used to make the strings. They're strung from the pegs to the tailpiece across the fingerboard.

Tailpiece is a triangular piece of wood where the strings are fastened on the lower end of the violin.

Top, the violin's front is visible at the top. The top and back of most violins are made of spruce and maple woods, respectively.

Names Of Violin String Parts

The four strings on a violin are usually tuned to G string, D string, A string, and E string. The strings link to the pegbox at the very top of the violin through a tailpiece attached to the base, a wooden bridge, and a continuous run parallel to the fingerboard towards the neck of the instrument. Read on for parts of violin names.

Modern Strings typically have a stranded (single thin lengths twisted together) synthetic core wound with various metals or a solid or stranded steel core wound with multiple metals. The winding allows a string to be thin enough to play while sounding the desired pitch at an appropriate tension with low-density cores like the gut or synthetic fiber. They are important for tuning the sound coming from a violin with the help of a nut.

Steel Strings are affected by wind. The elasticity and surface qualities of steel strings and their mass are affected by wind. Therefore, strings can be coiled with multiple layers to manage vibration dampening and manipulate the strength of the string's overtones to impact the string's 'warmth' or 'brightness.'

Violin Part Names In German

Looking for violin parts names in German? Which are the popular violin keyboard parts' names in German? Here are common violin finger-board parts names in German.

Violin Bow, Geigenbogen in German, is a wooden stick with hair (traditionally horse's tail hair) attached to it that is pushed across tuned strings to make a sound.

Violin Bridge, Violinbrücke in German, is made of maple that has been precisely carved, preferably with noticeable medullary rays and flecked figures. It is an essential part of the violin fingerboard made of ebony.

Violin Neck, Geigenhals in German, the neck is usually made of maple and has a flamed motif that matches the ribs and back. The fingerboard is usually made of ebony, but other woods stained or painted black are also used.

Violin Pegs, Violinwirbel in German, the strings wind around the tuning pegs in the pegbox after passing over the nut at the scroll end. Tuning pegs are called an important part of the violin.

Violin Sound Post And Bass Bar, Stimmstock und Bassstab für Violine in German, the sound post, often known as the 'soul post,' perfectly fits the rear and top of the treble bridge foot, close to the tailward side. The bass bar runs under the bridge on the opposite side. While the bass bar's shape and mass influence tone, it is locked in place and not as changeable as the sound post.

Violin Tailpiece, Saitenhalter für Violine in German, the violin tailpiece, which is nowadays most typically a loop of tough nylon monofilament that rides over the saddle (a chunk of ebony inserted into the edge of the top).

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Written by Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason

Bachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason picture

Adekunle Olanrewaju JasonBachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

With over 3+ years of professional experience, Olanrewaju is a certified SEO Specialist and Content Writer. He holds a BSc in Mass Communication from the University of Lagos. Throughout his dynamic career, Olanrewaju has successfully taken on various roles with startups and established organizations. He has served as a Technical Writer, Blogger, SEO Specialist, Social Media Manager, and Digital Marketing Manager. Known for his hardworking nature and insightful approach, Olanrewaju is dedicated to continuous learning and improvement.
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