The name Carlson has its roots in Scandinavian origin. The meaning of Carlson is 'son of Carl'. It comes from the Scandinavian surname Karlsson and Karl. It is said that this name also means 'free peasant settlement'. Today, the name Carlson is associated with freedom and independence. It's a strong, masculine name that reflects the Nordic roots. This is a masculine name. It is widely used as a surname also.