Jelva is a name usually used for baby girls. The origin of this name is unknown but it is mostly used among the Danish-speaking population. Jelva is the short version of the Serbian name Jelisaveta. And it was originally derived from the English name 'Elizabeth'. The meaning of Jelva is 'God is my oath', 'God is abundance', and 'God has sworn'. The name also means 'intelligence, great lover', and 'strong'. Over time, Jelva evolved to be used as a common surname among the English-speaking parts of the world.