The Brancasaurus was a dinosaur that was found in the Early Cretaceous period. The Brancasaurus fossils that were excavated by paleontologists belonged to a single specimen. The specimen, or the holotype, was one that had not yet reached adulthood, as deciphered through the nature of the vertebrae contained in it. This was quite special. The holotype is also rumored to have preserved soft tissue in parts of its length, which had been subsequently removed by paleontologists. Not only is it a freshwater plesiosaur but the Brancasaurus brancai has also been discovered to be closely related to the Leptocleididae group of plesiosaurs possibly due to similarities in bone structure. Considering that there was a singular specimen that has been studied, it is evident that the Brancasaurus brancai was a rare species.
Brancasaurus is pronounced as 'Bran-ca-soh-rus'.
The Brancasaurus was a classic European plesiosaur reptile.
The Brancasaurus was existing in the Early Cretaceous time period. This period was also known as the Upper Berriasian period.
The exact time period when the Brancasaurus went Extinct is unknown. However, they might have possibly gone Extinct along with other dinosaurs about 66 billion years ago.
The Brancasaurus fossils indicate that the genus was found in North Rhine-Westphalia waters, in Western Germany. The holotype specimen was found in a brickworks clay pit of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Brancasaurus was a marine reptile and thrived underwater. A freshwater lake might have been an ideal location to spot a Brancasaurus brancai.
Although it is difficult to determine whether the Brancasaurus had distinct social patterns, being a plesiosaur reptile, it is possible that they had friendly relationships with other creatures such as their family.
The life cycle that a Brancasaurus brancai lived on average has not been determined by paleontologists.
The Brancasaurus brancai was viviparious in nature. This means that their young ones developed inside their bodies before they birthed them into the water. The mating patterns of the Brancasaurus, however, have not been specifically defined.
The Brancasaurus brancai of the Early Cretaceous period was characterized by a neck that was very long and a snout that was tampered towards the end.
The Brancasaurus brancai holotype specimen suggests that the skeleton contained a skull measuring 9.3 in (23.7 cm). in length and was marked by a tapered snout. The vertebral column of the Brancasaurus brancai measured 3 ft 10 in (1.18 m) in length and bore 37 cervical vertebrae. The cervical centra were greater in width than in length. The dorsal neural spines of the dinosaur had consisted of a constricted base and their cervical neural spines tended to be curving towards the end. The limbs of the Brancasaurus consisted of scapulae with shelf-live structures. This feature was responsible for the development of a close connection with the Leptocleididae group of plesiosaurs.
The manner in which the Brancasaurus brancai communicated has not been described through findings.
The Brancasaurus measured 10.7 ft (3 m) in length. This would classify the dinosaur as a mid-sized marine reptile. When compared to other plesiosaurs, a Brancasaurus could almost be twice the length of a Thalassiodracon.
The speed of a Brancasaurus brancai has not yet been established. However, being a plesiosaur, the long neck of the Brancasaurus could decrease their speed, making it likely that they remained idle waiting till their prey came closer to them.
The weight of a Brancasaurus has not been ascertained yet.
The Brancasaurus is not known to have different names for males and females. The Brancasaurus brancai species is deemed to represent all sexes of the Brancasaurus plesiosaur.
A Brancasaurus offspring has not been known to have any distinct name given to it.
Brancasaurus brancai were a piscivore species.
Brancasauruses were not known to be very aggressive. The dinosaurs with a long neck containing neural spines and a tapered snout might have been ones to wait for their prey to swim or float near them instead of actively hunting.
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