The Patriofelis was a genus of large cat-like oxyaenid including two different species, Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox. While the generic name was coined by Leidy (1870), it also has synonyms for its binomial name like Aelurotherium, Limnofelis, and Oreocyon. Similarly, the binomial names of its species also have several synonyms. As Patriofelis ulta is also known as Ambloctonus coloradensis, Patriofelis coloradensis, and Patriofelis compressa, the Patriofelis ferox is also referred to as Aelurotherium bicuspis, Aelurotherium latidens, Aelurotherium leidyana, Aelurotherium leidyanum, Limnofelis ferox, Limnofelis latidens, Oreocyon latidens, Patriofelis latidens, Patriofelis leidyanus, and Patriofelis vorax. It was also known as 'fathers of cats' or 'father cat'. Although it lived during the Early to Middle Eocene epochs around 50-39 million years ago in North America, it was first discovered in the Bridger Basin of Wyoming in North America in 1870 and is also housed in the American Museum of Natural History.
No, a Patriofelis was not a dinosaur and was rather an Extinct genus of North American creodont mammals from the family Oxyaenidae. Formerly, Creodonta was ancestral to Carnivora, while convergent evolution also led to similarities between Creodonta and the modern carnivores. Also, it was related to the group of pangolins.
The Patriofelis is prononced as 'pa‧trēōˈfēlə̇s'. The generic name, Patriofelis, was coined in the early 1870s. As species, Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox, were speculated as large cat-like mammals with their generic name meaning 'fathers of cats' or 'father cat'.
A Patriofelis was a species of creodont mammal from the order Carnivora. It was a North American carnivore portraying convergent evolution with the modern carnivores and cats. Also, it was a close relative of Oxyaena speculated to evolve into several similar forms cats, dogs, leopards, and hyenas. Also,
While the Patriofelis lived between the Early Eocene and Middle Eocene epochs around 50-39 million years ago, it was first discovered and documented by the Philadelphia naturalist, Leidy (1870), while American paleontologist Matthew, also the curator of the American Museum of Natural History, published further search data based on the data recorded by Leidy.
Although the search data did not pose any major threats to the Patriofelis, the temporal range of the American prehistoric mammals living during the Early Eocene and Middle Eocene came to an end around 40 million years ago. Natural disasters, habitat loss, and predation were the few common causes justifying the extinction of the animal.
The Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox lived around North America as the fossils were unearthed from the Bridger Basin in Wyoming and Oregon. Also, the skull and the mounted skeleton are preserved in the American Museum of Natural History.
The Patriofelis had a broad range of habitats including river basins, wetlands, woodlands, and open grasslands, it was found hunting in the conifer forests.
A Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox were similar to the cats, while whether it lived like a one remains questionable. Cats are considered gregarious animals found to live in groups or otherwise in pairs, mainly during the breeding season. Based on the study of fossils, it is challenging to speculate the behavior of the Extinct animals, thus, the temperament and behavior of the Patriofelis is still a conundrum.
The data recorded based on the fossils and the specimens of the skull of the Patriofelis do not highlight an estimated life span.
Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox were mammals known as viviparous animals. They reproduced giving birth to offspring. Further, no data is speculating the reproductive behavior of these prehistoric creatures.
There was limited data recorded by the American paleontologist, Leidy, 1870, it was further updated in the early 1900s by Matthew. As the teeth and skull and its fragments of fossils are the only material available specifying the appearance and size of the Patriofelis. Although the size of the mammal was similar to the lion or the modern cougar, the teeth were similar to the cat. It has short legs with broad feet and a broad and long tail. Further, it had a small brain in a huge thick skull, unlike the modern lion. Both species, Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox, had similar appearances.
The Patriofelis fossil remains found in the Bridger Formation were incomplete, the data collected and documented by Leidy and Matthew do not have an estimated number of bones.
The Patriofelis communicated via vocal methods and also used several gestures or movements. While there is no precise data recorded highlighting the communicative behavior of the mammal, there are several speculations about the same. Thus, the communication mechanism of the animal remains questionable.
The length of the Patriofelis ranges from 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m), while it was approximately 27.6 in (70 cm) tall. Concluding, the size of the Patriofelis ulta and Patriofelis ferox is quite similar to the cougar or the sea lion.
Although the data recorded by Leidy and Matthew fails to record the speed of the Patriofelis, it was considered a poor runner but a substantial swimmer.
The Patriofelis mass ranges between 88-198 lb (40-90 kg), it was known as a heavy animal.
The female and male Patriofelis do not have sex-specific names. The Patriofelis and its species uncovered from Bridger Formation are known to have several synonyms to its binomial name like Aelurotherium, Limnofelis, and Oreocyon.
A baby Patriofelis does not have a specific name.
The Patriofelis was a carnivore primarily feeding upon prehistoric horses, herbivores, and small mammals. As it was often found near the freshwaters, the turtles were speculated as a staple part of the Patriofelis diet.
Although the behavior of the Patriofelis is not recorded so far, the mammal was not known to attack unless threatened. Though it was highly predatory possessing threats to its prey, the defense mechanism adopted by the Patriofelis is not studied so far.
The Patriofelis discovered from the Bridger Formation is known to have been classified into two different species, Patriofelis ferox, and Patriofelis ulta.
No, while the cat is thought to have evolved from the Patriofelis, both the mammals are different species as one belongs to prehistoric times and the other is a modern creature.
It had short legs with broad feet and was considered a quite good swimmer but a poor runner.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly prehistoric animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other creatures from our Protoceras facts and Hipparion facts for kids.
You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable Patriofelis coloring pages.
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