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Elements are the smallest components of everything in the world.
They make up liquids, solids and gases and are found in the periodic table. Sulfur is one of the elements in the periodic table, and is very important to humans.
You might be surprised at how many places the pale yellow element can be found. Don't worry though, we are going to give you all the facts about sulfur compounds from sulfur's boiling point to its atomic number. You'll be sure to impress your science teachers in chemistry class.
What Is Sulfur?
Learn some cool sulfur element facts that will help to explain sulfur on the periodic table and so much more.
1. Sulfur is an essential element.
2. You can find it in amino acids and proteins, which are in the food we eat.
3. The element sulfur is also known as brimstone.
4. Sulfur's atomic number is 16.
5. There is no sulfur chemical formula because it is not a metal. When Sulfur reacts with other elements it forms compounds, which have chemical formulae.
6. Sulfurs symbol in the periodic table is S.
7. Atoms of sulfur contain 16 sulfur protons.
8. Sulfur atoms also contains 16 sulfur electrons.
9. 16 sulfur neutrons are found in the sulfur element.
10. There are also six valence electrons in the outer shell of elemental sulfur.
11. Sulfur is the tenth most abundant element in the entire universe, so there is certainly a lot of it around.
12. The atomic weight of sulfur is 2.07 grams per cm3.
13. Sulfur is sometimes also spelt 'sulphur'.
14. 'Sulphur' comes from the Latin root word which means "to burn."
Learn about the properties of sulfur with these awesome sulfur facts.
15. Compounds of sulfur affect your sense of smell.
16. The element of sulfur is considered to be non-toxic.
17. However, some compounds of the atom are toxic.
18. Solid is the standard state of sulfur.
19. When it is at room temperature and pressure, sulfur is a yellow colored solid.
20. We often call sulfur in its natural form powdered sulfur.
21. If you touch sulfur as a powder, it is easy to break apart using your fingers.
22. Sulfur is a non-mental.
23. Anon-metal is an element that is not made from metal.
24. Although you usually see sulfur as a powder, but it can also be found in crystal form.
25. If it is in crystal form sulfur changes shape, often depending on what the temperature is.
26. If you put sulfur in water, it will not dissolve.
27. The molar mass of sulfur is 256g.
28. Even though lots of compounds of sulfur have very strong smells, the actual element has no odor at all.
29. If you burn sulfur (which should only be done in a science lab with supervision from an adult) it should produce a blue flame. This blue flame is a sign that you are burning sulfur.
30. When heated, the sulfur color will change to red, and it will melt into a liquid.
31. To burn sulfur, you need to put it in a special chamber where there is no oxygen.
32. The sulfur atomic mass is 32.06.
33. Sulfur melting point is 15.21°C or 239.38°F.
34. The boiling point of sulfur is 444.6°C or 832.3°F.
Sulfur Compounds And Isotopes
Sulfur is found in hot springs and rotten eggs, but elemental sulfur is a compound in both of these. We'll teach you all about the many compounds and isotopes that sulfur possesses.
35. There are four different stable isotopes of sulfur.
36. These are sulfur 32, 33, 34 and 36.
37. Most of the sulfur that occurs is sulfur 32.
38. Sulfur's oxidation number changes depending on which compound you put it into.
39. Sulfuric acid has the chemical formula H₂SO₄.
40. Sulfur ions are created when the sulfur atom reacts with an active metal.
41. Sulfuric acid is used to produce fertilisers.
42. These fertilisers include ammonium sulfate and superphosphate of lime.
43. Sulfuric acid is used in many synthetic detergents.
44. It is also used in dyes and pigments.
45. Sulfuric acid is also part of the process for manufacturing of the chemicals like nitric acid and hydrochloric acid.
46. It is also used in manufacturing sulfate salts.
47. If you mix sulfur with oxygen it can be very dangerous.
48. When mixed, they create a toxic gas which is called sulfur dioxide.
49. When sulfur is mixed with hydrogen it becomes hydrogen sulfide.
50. Hydrogen sulfide is known for its strong smell of rotten eggs.
51. Hydrogen sulfide is explosive, poisonous and flammable.
52. Lead sulfide, zinc sulfide, barite, gypsum and pyrite are all sulfur compounds.
53. Burning sulfur releases a sulfur gas called sulfur dioxide.
54. Sulfur dioxide is a common pollutant in the United States and across the world.
Where Is Sulfur Found?
Once you know where to find sulfur, you'll realise it is everywhere! From the human body to garlic cloves and even hot springs, once you know its there it is very tough to hide.
55. You can find sulfur in hot springs.
56. It can also be found in salt domes.
57. Volcanic eruptions are some of the most notable places you will find sulfur.
58. People mine sulfur from sulfur rock.
59. Sulfur is sometimes recovered from industrial processes as a byproduct.
60. Sulfur is recovered often from petroleum refining factories.
61. You will also find sulfur in hydrothermal vents.
62. Sulfur is created deep at the core of many of the biggest stars.
63. The fusion of helium and silicon creates the element in stars.
64. China, Canada, Russia and the United States produce most of the sulfur in the world.
65. Sulfur can be found in sedimentary rocks and other natural sources most frequently, like under the ocean and under the ground.
Facts About The Sulfur Cycle
The sulfur cycle is important in showing us where sulfur comes from and why sulfur uses are so important to our climate and eco-systems.
66. Sulfur is stored in rocks in the Earth.
67. As rocks become worn down by erosion, the sulfur that is stored inside of them is released.
68. The sulfur becomes SO₄ when it mixes with the air.
69. Plants absorb the sulfur from the air by photosynthesis and this turns the sulfur into organic sulfur.
70. Animals that eat plants will eat the sulfur at the same time.
71. When plants or animals die, the sulfur is released into the atmosphere again.
72. It is then returned to the soil and the water cycle when it rains.
73. Humans are responsible for a third of all sulfur that is in the atmosphere.
74. This is because of fossil fuels being used in factories.
75. Sulfur being in the atmosphere causes acid rain to occur.
76. Acid rain is made when sulfur dioxide enters into the atmosphere.
77. The sulfur dioxide is chemically converted into sulfuric acid.
78. Acid rain has a negative effect on the environment.
Uses Of Sulfur Facts
It's great to know all about sulfur the element, but what is it actually used for? You're about to find out some of the things we do with the element.
79. Sulfur has many different uses, it is found in many different industries.
80. Mostly, it is used to make sulfuric acid, which is used to make car batteries and fertilizers.
81. Another of the common uses of sulfur is to process water.
82. Sulfur can be used to help make cement.
83. It is also used to make rubber.
84. Sulfur is also an element that is used inside the human body.
85. It is important in the human body because it helps to build strong bones and fats.
Interesting Sulfur Facts
These mind-boggling and crazy sulfur facts are bound to surprise you.
86. Sulfur is the thing in onions that makes you cry.
87. You can thank sulfur for the smell of garlic.
88. It is also responsible for the smell of rotten eggs.
89. Sulfur is also the reason that urine becomes a strange color when you eat asparagus.
90. One of Jupiter's moons looks as if it is pale yellow, this is because there is so much sulfur on the surface.
91. There is a lot of sulfur on Jupiter's moon as the moon is covered in many active volcanoes.
History Of Sulfur Facts
Learn about the history of this weird and wonderful element with these sulfur facts that go all the way back to ancient times.
92. The French chemist Antoine Lavoisier was the first person to prove that sulfur was an element and not a compound.
93. This was proved in the year 1777, though he studied the sulfur formula for many years before this.
94. Antoine Lavoisier was famous for discovering oxygen and establishing the law of conservation mass, so sulfur wasn't even his biggest discovery.
95. Mankind has known about sulfur since ancient times.
96. Ancient India and China recorded and used sulfur.
97. Ancient Greece also used sulfur regularly and recorded it.
98. We don't know exactly how sulfur was discovered, as this likely happened so long ago.
99. Whilst it is found all around us in low levels, exposure to high levels of Sulfur can actually cause death.
100. In ancient times sulfur was used as a fumigant and bleaching agent.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for interesting facts about sulfur to help ace your science project then why not take a look at these fun facts about the respiratory system, or these cool chloroplast facts?
Emily has lived in London for ten years, and still loves discovering new places to explore in the capital with her two little brothers. She loves all things lifestyle and fashion, she is a fashion designer and artist, as well as working with arts charities to facilitate workshops and outreach on crafts, fashion, and design for children with special needs and children with difficult home lives who might otherwise not have access, from toddlers to teenagers. Emily is also a trained life coach and loves talking and writing about general wellness, mindfulness and healthy relationships.