Alcatraz Now: Learn All About What The Notorious Prison Has Become | Kidadl


Alcatraz Now: Learn All About What The Notorious Prison Has Become

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Alcatraz Island is a small island with a rich history in San Francisco Bay, located about 1.2 mi (2 km) off the coast of San Francisco, California.

A lighthouse near the west coast, a military fortress, a military prison, and federal prisons were built on the small Alcatraz Island, with the latter operating from August 11, 1934, to March 21, 1963. Alcatraz Island has strong currents and chilly sea temperatures, making escape nearly impossible.

Alcatraz Island has been a popular tourist destination since the late 20th century. While Al Capone, George 'Machine-Gun' Kelly, Alvin Karpis, and Arthur Barker were all incarcerated on Alcatraz, most of the 1,576 inmates there were not well-known gangsters. Still, Alcatraz prisoners who denied abiding by the laws at other Federal institutions were deemed aggressive and violent or were regarded as escape risks.

Did you know that three famous Alcatraz prisoners are known to have escaped Alcatraz prison? On June 11, 1962, Frank Morris, John Anglin, and Clarence Anglin successfully performed the most complex escapes yet planned. In Cell Block B, there was an unprotected 3 ft (0.9 m) wide utility passageway behind the Alcatraz prisoners' cells. Frank Weatherman was the last prisoner of Alcatraz to be released from Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary.

After reading about Alcatraz Now and its comparison with other prisons, also check out ancient wooden weapons and ancient Greek weapons list.

Alcatraz Closure

Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, often known as the United States Penitentiary, is located on the island of Alcatraz. It is also commonly known as Alcatraz.

This had been a high-security federal prison on Alcatraz Island, 1.2 mi (2 km) off the coast of San Francisco, California, United States, which had been the site of a fort since the 1850s. The main Alcatraz prison building was constructed as a United States Army military prison in 1910–1912.

On October 12, 1933, the US department of justice purchased the United States Disciplinary Prison, Pacific Branch, on Alcatraz. After the structures of Alcatraz prison were modernized and security was strengthened, the Alcatraz Island was modified and operated as a Federal Bureau of Prisons jail in August 1934.

On March 21, 1963, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the closure of Alcatraz Prison after determining that the facility was extremely expensive. Moreover, because Alcatraz Island is located in San Francisco Bay, Alcatraz Prison's defense walls had endured a lot of saltwater damage over the years, adding to the cost of maintaining Alcatraz Penitentiary operational.

Locals were also opposed to keeping Alcatraz Penitentiary open since most of the wastewater from the prison and the Department of Prisons residences on Alcatraz Island flowed straight into San Francisco Bay. This caused environmental problems for the residents of the San Francisco Bay Area. Later that year, a new prison complex in Marion, Illinois, was constructed as a substitute for Alcatraz Penitentiary.

Alcatraz Military Outpost

Fort Alcatraz had been a United States Army coastal fortress located at Alcatraz Island, near the opening of San Francisco Bay in California.

Fort Alcatraz was part of the Third System of fixed fortifications; however, it was unlike most other Third System works. Fort Alcatraz was built in 1859 to garner and prepare recruits and new troops for the Civil War between 1861 and 1868 when it was converted into a long-term military prison.

Significant upgrades, necessitated by advances in weaponry at Alcatraz Island, started in the late 1800s but were underpaid and never completed, and the Alcatraz station became more of a jail than a defense.

Education And Youth Programs

For numerous years, Alcatraz Cruises has provided complimentary passes to underprivileged youth.

However, most of those schools these kids attend could not participate since they cannot afford to transfer children to Pier 33 in San Francisco to board the boats.

In 2017, Alcatraz Cruises teamed with Hornblower Classic Cable Cars to remedy this transport shortfall, and in the meantime, created an extraordinarily rewarding program.

For grades 9-12:

They introduce students to Alcatraz Island, a site where continual battles to define freedom and justice, their limitations and applications, for people, civilizations, and civilization. Students engage with primary and secondary sources of information that reveal differing political views on prisoners' rights, the Native American Occupation of 1969 to 1971, and shifting viewpoints on individual rights and rehabilitation, and the rich history of Alcatraz Island.

Students in grades five to eight learn about historical riddles by using Alcatraz Island as an archaeology case study. Alcatraz was a military outpost from the 1850s to the 30s, a federal penitentiary from the 30s to 60s. From the late 60s through the early 70s, Alcatraz was the scene of an American Indian civil rights rally. Alcatraz Island has been a nesting site for thousands of birds annually. Alcatraz Island has been a popular site of several Hollywood movies. In addition, Alcatraz Island is also a popular national park site.

Experiences And Events

In 1972, Alcatraz joined the newly formed Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Alcatraz Island was listed as a historic landmark place.

The NPS planned to double the area of Alcatraz Island for public access to enjoy marine, bird, and animal life. This Alcatraz Island plan included the Alcatraz cell house, dining hall, boat dock, citadel, library, parade grounds, and water tower. The structures of Alcatraz Island have suffered from overall deterioration, erosion, and deposition. The Alcatraz Island landmark lighthouse and four other buildings were set ablaze in 1970 (the lighthouse was saved, although the other buildings were entirely demolished). Alcatraz Island has become accessible to the public and is a major tourist attraction.

How can you reach Alcatraz?

Alcatraz Cruises' ferries are the only means to travel to the island. Boats leave from Alcatraz Landing at Pier 33 on the Embarcadero near Bay Street, about southeast of Fisherman's Alcatraz Wharf, in San Francisco.

Ferries run per 30 minutes, so you might have to wait a while. Fortunately, Alcatraz Landing is a busy location with a ticket booth, restroom facilities, and meals and drinks, all of which are wheelchair and stroller accessible.

What to do?

Other outdoor educational installations give visitors a taste of the Alcatraz region's rich heritage, including tactile, small-scale reconstructions of both Alcatraz and Pier 33. An audio tour is also available.

Visitors have complete freedom to go wherever they choose on Alcatraz Island at their own speed. Rangers from the National Park Service deliver a brief briefing when you arrive, including details about the day's unique events.

While some visitors might race to the island's famed buildings, many would want to start by exploring the island's outdoor tide pools and nesting spots for native seabirds.

The Enforcer, Murder in the first, Birdman of Alcatraz, Catch Me if You Can, and many more movies have all been filmed on Alcatraz Island. Throughout the year, Alcatraz Island organizes various sporting events, including the Escape from Alcatraz Triathlon and the Alcatraz Shark fest Swim.

In 1912, the Alcatraz Cellhouse was the largest concrete structure in the world.

Community Programs And Social Impact

You can visit Alcatraz as a self-guided tour, which means you can spend the time as you like!

Some community programs are formulated to connect the social aspect with the educational aspect. The types of programs you can find are:

Parks With Art:

Arts in the Parks aims to deliver activities that link the guests with profound, surprising, and motivating arts activities in the environment.

The Golden Gate Institute, located at the Golden Gate:

The Institute at the Golden Gate is a Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy initiative that fosters learning and creativity in parks. They bring together leaders and innovators in one of the country's highly traveled and prominent national parks to form unusual collaborations that transcend beyond typical park borders.

Roving ranger:

The Roving Ranger is a portable trail that acts as a tourist contact and resource center both in and out of the national parks.

Resources for anti-racism and social justice in the parks and beyond:

People there believe in the power of nature, open land, and the history of struggle to motivate and teach at the Parks Conservancy.

Plants, Animals, And Ecosystems

Juan Manuel de Ayala, a Spanish explorer, first reported the island in 1775. Because the island was inhabited by vast colonies of brown pelicans, The San Francisco Bay was mapped by Juan Manuel de Ayala, who called it 'La Isla de Los Alcatraces' or 'Island of the Pelicans'.

Even though the California brown pelicans no longer live on the island, it is still known as Alcatraz. The island was under Spanish and later Mexican administration in the years after Alcatraz's founding, and modest houses and constructions were constructed on it.

The golden gate has roughly 50 species of animals, 240 species of birds, 21 species of reptiles, and ten species of amphibians at different times of the year.

Numerous kinds of plants from around the world are seen at the Golden Gate National Parks. About a third of California's plant species can be found within park limits. The Alcatraz gardens had gotten substantially overcrowded as a result of their neglect. Numerous birds used these Alcatraz gardens as a breeding site and a sanctuary. Many of these gardens are now being restored.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for Alcatraz Now, then why not take a look at the 26th president of the USA or 1963 US history?

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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