Fun Java Sparrow Facts For Kids | Kidadl


Fun Java Sparrow Facts For Kids

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The Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora) is one of the most social finches found in the Hawaiian islands which is now being introduced to many new places.

This bird is also called a Java rice sparrow as it is often seen flying over rice farms and feeding on rice grains and other seeds, therefore branded as a pest.

This species of finches are very attractive and beautiful as they have colorful body and cute chip-like calls. This sparrow species is known to have medium-sized feathers and they are predominantly herbivores. This species of finch is known to have a lifespan of about two to three years in the wild and are currently Endangered. Their population has been decreasing over the years due to hunting, habitat loss, pesticides, and more. Its predators include Hawaiian hawks and owls. Go through this article to know in detail more about this bird.

If you liked reading these facts about the Java sparrow, you could also check out these chipping sparrow facts and scarlet macaw facts.

Fun Java Sparrow Facts For Kids

What do they prey on?

Grains, seeds, and fruits

What do they eat?


Average litter size?

Up to 8 eggs

How much do they weigh?

0.88 oz (25 g)

How long are they?

6-7 in (15-17 cm)

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

Gray, white, and black

Skin Type


What were their main threats?

And Habitat Loss, Pesticides, Hunting, Hawaiian Birds

What is their conservation status?


Where you'll find them?

Grasslands, And Woodlands, Towns, Villages


Java, Bawean, And Bali In Indonesia









Java Sparrow Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Java sparrow?

Belonging to the Estrildid finches family, the Java sparrow or the Java finch is a bird that is found in the Hawaiian islands.

What class of animal does a Java sparrow belong to?

Just like other birds, the Java finch belongs to the class of Aves and are small birds that were introduced in Puerto Rico. The Java bird belongs to the family of Estrildid finches and is found mostly in the Hawaiian islands.

How many Java sparrows are there in the world?

The exact number of Java sparrows is unknown, but as they are Endangered bird species. Hence, the population of the Lonchura oryzivora species must be quite low.

Where does a Java sparrow live?

The Java bird (Lonchura oryzivora) is known to live mostly on islands in Indonesia and is also seen in tropical rainforests. This bird depends on grains and seeds for food, so they prefer tropical regions as their habitat.

What is a Java sparrow's habitat?

The Java rice sparrow or finch is known to have a habitat that includes tropical regions and areas like the rainforests and the Indonesian islands. They depend on seeds and grains for food and are often seen in locations like fields, villages, and towns, far away from the place they were introduced for the first time.

Who do Java sparrows live with?

Java rice sparrows are very social birds and are known to live in groups and flocks and also travel in flocks. These birds were introduced in Puerto Rico, and since then, these birds are known to migrate and even breed in groups and flocks.

How long does a Java sparrow live?

These birds are known to live for about two to three years in the wild and captivity. Some birds of this species are known to have lived for almost seven years in the wild.

How do they reproduce?

Males are known to give calls and sing songs in order to attract females during the breeding season, and females are known to lay eggs in the nest that was made or is protected by the males. The female lays about eight eggs and after an incubation period of 14 days, the eggs hatch into nestlings or chicks and they are protected by both their parents. These birds are known to attain sexual maturity when they turn a year old.

What is their conservation status?

Currently, these finch species are listed as Endangered. The populations of these birds have been decreasing over the years due to various reasons.

Java Sparrow Fun Facts

What do Java sparrows look like?

The Java finch is known to have a blackhead, gray body with a pink belly, red-colored eye-ring, black tail, thick red-colored bill, and pink feet. Both the sexes of this species are known to be similar, and young finches have black beaks with pink colored bases.

The Java sparrows are also called are Java rice sparrows as they are considered pests.

How cute are they?

Java finches are very cute, silent, and beautiful birds. They have an attractive body color and have small beaks and feet, which adds to their cuteness.

How do they communicate?

The male species is known to give meowing calls to other males and females during the breeding season. Java finch calls are quite loud and can be heard on the islands. They are known to give 'chip' type calls to each other. Their call varies in duration, pitch, and loudness.

How big is a Java sparrow?

The Java birds weigh 0.88 oz (25 g) and have a length of 6-7 in (15-17 cm). These bird species include small sized birds and are five to six times smaller than their predators (owls such as the Hawaiian owl).

How fast can a Java sparrow fly?

The birds' exact speed is unknown, but they are quite fast and are known to have an estimated flying speed of 29 mph (46 kph).

How much does the Java sparrow weigh?

The Padda oryzivora bird species weighs around 0.88 oz (25 g).

What are the male and female names of the species?

There are no names in particular for male and females finches' species, but they are known as Lonchura oryzivora in terms of scientific naming. They are also called Padda oryzivora.

What would you call a baby Java sparrow?

Babies of the Java sparrow do not have any name in particular but are often referred to as nestlings, chicks, and young sparrows.

What do they eat?

This bird species is a herbivore, and its diet includes seeds, fruits, and grains mostly. These finches have many predators like the Hawaiian owls and Hawaiian hawks, which generally hunt and feed on these finches in the wild.

Are they aggressive?

Yes, both sexes are fierce and often seen pecking at their faces and feet. They can be very aggressive if they feel threatened on the islands in the wild.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, the Java finch does make a good pet as this bird is known to be very social and friendly to humans, but the finch prefers to stay in a group or in pairs rather than living alone, so make sure your cage has more than one Java finch if you ever plan to adopt this bird.

Did you know...

Males are known to sing songs during the breeding season for females.

The Java bird was considered a pest in the rice fields and is also called a Java rice sparrow or Java rice finch.

How to tell the difference between a male Java sparrow and a female Java sparrow?

Although both sexes are known to have rings surrounding their eyes, males have brighter red-colored rings around the eyes, and females are known to have a pale red-colored ring. The beaks of males are swollen and bigger than females.

How hard is it to pet a Java sparrow?

The Java sparrow species are slightly social birds, but many owners have reported that they have a tough time bonding with their finch. It certainly takes some training and getting used to. These birds prefer to live in a group or flocks, or pairs at least. Please do not keep them with Zebra finches, as both these birds tend to bully each other.

You also have to ensure that these birds follow their ideal diet of seeds, fruits, and grains. A healthy diet is very vital. So it is your call whether you are up to take up this challenge.

If you want to tame these birds, try hand taming. Pick birds that are very young, and isolate them for two to three months until they are well tamed.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these flycatcher facts and harpy eagle facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable java sparrow coloring pages.

Written By
Divya Raghav

<p>With a diverse range of experience in finance, administration, and operations, Divya is a diligent worker known for her attention to detail. Born and raised in Bangalore, she completed her Bachelor's in Commerce from Christ University and is now pursuing an MBA at Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Bangalore. Along with her professional pursuits, Divya has a passion for baking, dancing, and writing content. She is also an avid animal lover who dedicates her time to volunteering for animal welfare causes.</p>

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