Fun Northern Harrier Facts For Kids | Kidadl


Fun Northern Harrier Facts For Kids

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Are you a bird lover and want to know more about a special bird of prey? We present to you the northern harrier bird. The northern harrier, also known as the marsh hawk or hen harrier, is known by many names. Northern harrier (scientific name: Circus hudsonius) and northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) are almost similar birds that have just a few genetic differences in them. Usually, the Circus cyaneus is referred to as the hen harrier.

The best way to identify a red tail hawk from a northern harrier is by identifying the distinct color of the tail and the overall color of the bird. The former has a darker shade of brown or grey on its body.

These North American birds, despite being hawks, have a lot of owl-like facial features. Unlike other hawk species, these birds use their hearing in spotting their prey along with their keen eyesight. Their short and circular face can be often confused with that of an owl.  Also, these n birds live in various habitats in North America, that range from marshes to thick forests.

In this article, you will find all the information about the North American bird called the northern harrier hawk along with male northern harrier facts, northern harrier in flight facts, facts on the northern harrier's call, range, flying, and other facts.

If you find our content interesting then do check out the ivory-billed woodpecker and the wood thrush.

Fun Northern Harrier Facts For Kids

What do they prey on?

Small mammals, small vertebrates, voles, and more

What do they eat?


Average litter size?

4-8 eggs

How much do they weigh?

10.2-26.5 oz (290-750 g)

How long are they?

16.1-19.7 in (41-50 cm)

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

Grey, brown, white

Skin Type


What were their main threats?


What is their conservation status?

Least Concern

Where you'll find them?

Marshes, Savannahs, Fields, Meadows, Open Country, Desert Steppes, And Agricultural Fields, Upland Prairies


North America, All Over The Northern Hemisphere









Northern Harrier Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a northern harrier?

The northern harrier (circus hudsonius) is a famous bird of prey that belongs to the family of Accipitridae, and is found in North America.

What class of animal does a northern harrier belong to?

The northern harrier belongs to the class of Aves of the Animalia kingdom.

How many northern harriers are there in the world?

There is no exact data or statistics that account for how many northern harriers are present on the planet. However, as this species is listed as of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List we can assume that the number is quite substantially high, but the destruction of habitat by humans and their numerous activities has led to the population of the northern harriers to be on the decline.

Where does the northern harrier live?

The northern harriers are found on the continent of North America. Major groups of birds are found in northern Alaska along with the coastal areas of Canada. During the season of winter, these birds migrate and can be found in the central states of the USA. The usual location of these birds involves open areas, swamps, grasslands, and plains.

What is a northern harrier's habitat?

The open habitats of the northern harriers are vastly variant but are mostly confined to North America. These birds can be found in plains, shrublands, grasslands, forests, and open country. Open areas are a favorite spot for these birds of prey as they serve as a good hunting spot for them. These birds make their nests in the branches of tall trees. Among their other habitats, marshes are also a common spot. Hence, they were once called 'marsh hawks'. A marsh can be a good place to hide their nest and, hence, marshes are a good place for northern harriers.

Who do northern harriers live with?

Northern harriers are usually solitary birds in nature. However, during the season of winter, these birds are known to migrate to warmer places, where they usually travel in small flocks to the warmer Central states of the USA.

How long does a northern harrier live?

Since these North American birds are usually found in the wild, the accurate lifespan of these birds is very difficult to estimate. The highest known lifespan of a northern harrier was approximately 16 years and five months. Adult harriers do not usually live beyond eight years of age due to their predators.

How do they reproduce?

Like the majority of birds, these North American birds also depict courtships or mating rituals. The male species of these birds fly at a very high altitude and then they dive down to lower altitudes at a very high speed. These special dives are often accompanied by spinning patterns and twirling in the air. Polygynous nature is often seen among the male species of these birds and thus, as a result, a male northern harrier is often known to have more than a couple of mating partners. However, females are known to be monogamous. The nest of these birds is made by the females on the ground or in raised places. The male species showcase interesting characteristics. These birds are extremely territorial and are known to attack others that approach the nests. When the eggs are incubated by the female species, the male brings food and calls the female, but doesn't approach the nest. The females lay four to eight eggs and incubate these eggs for about a month.

What is their conservation status?

Though the numbers of northern harrier or the Harrier populations are on the decline, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List has listed the species as Least Concern. However, the loss of the natural habitat is mainly the sole reason for the steady decline of these harriers. As the northern harrier is a migratory bird, it is thus protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or CITES, has listed this species in Appendix II.

Northern Harrier Fun Facts

What do northern harriers look like?

Northern harrier facts are informative.

The features of a northern harrier make them very distinct from any other hawks or raptors from a long distance. Their powerful wings help them to glide and fly. These birds have special feathers around their face and ears. In their wings, they have a distinct white rump patch that becomes extremely visible when they fly. The color can either be brown or grey depending on the sex. The male birds are grey in color and often have white specks on their chest, while the female bird is brown and has white markings under their wings. Young harriers showcase brown eyes while the adult harriers have yellow eyes.

How cute are they?

The northern harriers can be considered cute. These slender, medium-sized raptors have somewhat small heads and owl-like facial features which make them extremely adorable birds of prey.

How do they communicate?

Northern harriers are extremely vocal birds and thus communicate with one another via 'kek' or 'quik' calls. These birds are known to be quite loud when they are found in the vicinity of their nests. Males make a 'chek-chek-chek' sound, except when in flight to impress the females and mate. Then they make a 'chuk-uk-uk' sound. Apart from mating calls, these birds also showcase distress calls that are high-pitched and are used by the bird to inform others about impending danger. This call sounds like 'chit-it-it'. These birds also have a particular food call which goes 'piih-eh' which is predominantly used by the females during the breeding season. The 'food call', unlike the name, is not a call of the harrier when they locate prey. The young birds also emit small chit sounds which can be termed as begging calls and are used in response to seeing their parents.

How big is a northern harrier?

The northern harriers are medium-sized birds and they have a usual average length of around 16.1-19.7 in (41-50 cm). The females are relatively larger in size. When it comes to the length of the wingspan, the length of the females is also larger. While a male's wingspan ranges around 38-43 in (96.5-109.2 cm), the wingspan of the females falls in the range of 44-48 in (111.7-121.9 cm).

How fast can a northern harrier fly?

Northern harriers are speedy flyers. However, the exact speed of their flight is not calculated. These raptors are known for their wing shape. They take flight with their wings held in a posture that is in V-shape. They take this posture during flight and gliding which is a trademark of these species. During a high flight, these birds are also known to fly in a shape that depicts a sine curve on a graph. This is characterized by the bird stretching its wings to the farthest and turning on its back like a corkscrew. This particular flight pattern is also known as sky dance. During the flight, their white rump can be spotted.

How much does a northern harrier weigh?

Northern harriers are medium-sized birds. In these species, the females are generally larger in size and weight in comparison with the males. The average weight of the northern harrier is 10.2-26.5 oz (290-750 g). The weight of the females is around 1-1.3 lb, and that of the males is 0.5-1 lb.

What are their male and female names of the species?

Similar to other species of eagles and hawks, the northern harrier males of these species are called tiercels while the northern harrier females are called formels.

What would you call a baby northern harrier?

Unlike other birds, the baby of a northern harrier is not referred to as a chick, but is known as an eyas. Thus the ideal way to term a juvenile northern harrier would be a northern harrier eyas.

What do they eat?

The feeding habit of the northern harriers differs from habitat to habitat. These birds are carnivores and are extremely good predators. If there is an abundance of small mammals in their habitat, then these birds exclusively prey on these small animals. These birds are known to feed on a variety of small animals like snakes, frogs, smaller birds, and small vertebrates. These birds are also known to store food and consume them at a later time. The hunting of the northern harrier is extremely interesting. These birds hover or can be seen flying low and glide at a slow speed when they locate prey, for example, small mammals, and then dive suddenly to catch them.

Are they dangerous?

Yes, these are birds of prey and belong to the family of hawks. They are extremely intelligent animals also well as dangerous animals. They are known to kill their prey with the help of their sharp and long claws.

Would they make a good pet?

These raptors will not make good birds as they are extremely dangerous. They are predatory birds and they should be left alone in their own natural habitat. Moreover, if these birds ever feel threatened, they are known to attack other animals to save themselves and their family. During the breeding season, these characteristics are vividly depicted by the territorial nature of these birds in protecting their nests.

Did you know...

Unlike other birds of prey, these raptors hide in shrubs and in vegetation, and then at a suitable point, they attack their prey.

According to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, these birds can be called leapfrog migrants, meaning they travel far south, even further than the habitats of southern birds of the species.

How do northern harriers feed?

During the mating season, a wonderful and unique feature is observed among these birds. The male species collects the food and releases the food mid-way in the air. The female species of the bird then catches it and devours it.

How long do northern harrier chicks stay in the nest?

After a span of 30 days, the young northern harrier hatchlings can leave their nests, as they fledge at around this time.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds including the chickenhawk and the shrike.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one of our Northern Harrier coloring pages.

Written By
Moumita Dutta

<p>A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.</p>

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