95 Archimedes Facts: Why Did He Yell 'Eureka'? Find Out

Devangana Rathore
Feb 29, 2024 By Devangana Rathore
Originally Published on Jan 12, 2022
Edited by Jacob Fitzbright
Fact-checked by Sakshi Raturi
He also did not develop the basic contraption
Age: 3-18
Read time: 8.8 Min

His full name was Archimedes of Syracuse.

He was a mathematician, an inventor, and an astronomer. He was born in the Sicilian town of Syracuse.

There is little information regarding his life, but one thing is sure: he was one of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived. Archimedes is thought to have been born in 287 BC in Syracuse, Sicily, but his actual birth date is unknown. He was murdered by a Roman soldier during the Roman conquest of Syracuse. He also did not develop the basic contraption known as the lever, but he did contribute to illustrating how it worked. Heracleides, an Archimedes' acquaintance, wrote a biography of him, but it was eventually lost.

Facts About Archimedes

Archimedes is regarded as such a great mathematician that scientists have honored him. Archimedes is commemorated on the moon with a massive crater. The Montes Archimedes is a group of mountains on the moon.

  • Archimedes, a Greek mathematician, was the first to establish the concept of buoyancy, which is why it is known as Archimedes' Principle.
  • According to legend, Archimedes was studying a task assigned to him by Hieron II, the ruler of ancient Syracuse.
  • He is known for creating modern calculus as well as analysis.
  • Archimedes proved several mathematical theories, including the area of an ellipse, the area of a circle, and the area under a parabola, among others.
  • Archimedes is recognized as one of the most outstanding ancient scientists.
  • Archimedes lived in Syracuse for the majority of his life.
  • However, Archimedes resided in the Egyptian city, Alexandria, as a young man.
  • Ptolemy Lagides constructed the world's finest library in Alexandria.
  • Experts from all over the world flocked to the conference rooms and lecture halls.
  • His work is preserved in copies of letters he sent to his companion Eratosthenes of Syracuse.
  • This Greek mathematician has a firm grasp of both mathematics and physics.
  • His Archimedes contribution included the construction of war machines to defend Syracuse, his birthplace, from the Romans.
  • He was also a philosopher who is attributed with the invention of hydrostatics and the application of pi.
  • Archimedes used his mastery of mathematics to build war machines.
  • As a result, he became one of Greece's most well-known figures.
  • The Technique and Stomachion, two major treatises of Archimedes that can be discovered nowhere else, are included in the Archimedes Palimpsest.
  • It is now accessible due to a scientific and intellectual study that used multispectral photography and x-ray technology from 1998-2008.
  • In addition, the Archimedes Palimpsest has revealed new details about Archimedes, such as the fact that he foresaw calculus and contemplated the idea of actual infinite.
  • He demonstrated how exponents might be used to express previously unimaginable numbers.
  • Furthermore, he explained that exponents must be combined when multiplying numbers written using exponents
  • Mathematicians who attempted to reproduce Archimedes' findings 18 centuries later were enraged because they couldn't figure out how he got his results.
  • His bow has a lot of strings on it.
  • He was an inventor, engineer, physicist, weapons designer, astronomer, astronomer), and all-around scientist.
  • He was most recognized these days for his advanced mathematics.
  • Archimedes' Claw was employed to protect Syracuse, his hometown, from a Roman attack.
  • The hook system on this machine lifted and overturned ships.
  • When the Romans besieged his city around 214 BC, his invention sank many of the ships, leaving the Romans baffled as to what had happened.
  • Archimedes is well noted for his strategic contributions to ancient warfare and military tactics.
  • When a Roman soldier visited Archimedes and commanded him to meet with the Roman commander, he concentrated on a mathematical problem.
  • The Roman soldier became enraged and murdered Archimedes when he declined.

Archimedes' Inventions

Archimedes is also known for his innovations, such as new machines and tools. For example, he created a water-lifting mechanism that farmers can use to irrigate their crops. Archimedes' screw is the name for this device.

  • Archimedes is also thought to have invented an odometer, which measures distance.
  • Archimedes is also credited with being the first to comprehend statics, a branch of practical mathematics.
  • It has to do with non-moving loads, such as those found in bridges or buildings.
  • He also knew and wrote about buoyancy, which happens when objects float in liquids.
  • Archimedes also constructed or created several battle machines, such as better catapults.
  • This was during the Punic Wars, fought between Rome in modern-day Italy and Carthage in modern-day North Africa.
  • He was instrumental in preventing the Roman military from assaulting Syracuse, his hometown for many years.
  • Another legend regarding Archimedes is that he used several mirrors and the sun's light to destroy Roman ships from afar.
  • Again, this is plausible, but it's more probable that this was accomplished with burning projectiles launched from a catapult.
  • Though Archimedes did not develop the lever, he did contribute to understanding how it works.
  • He used his knowledge of physics and geometry to create potent levers.
  • Archimedes calculated the strength, length, as well as location of the lever with fulcrum point relative to an item being moved.
  • You've probably seen cartoons of an older man running nude across a city. It's very likely that the comic is of Archimedes.
  • He calculated pi's exact value which was one of his most important contributions.
  • The only other person who fully comprehended Archimedes' work at the time was Isaac Newton, who lived around 18 centuries after Archimedes' death.
  • He invented and created calculus-like methods, which he used to calculate the area of a circle as well as an accurate estimate of pi's value.
  • By calculating the length of the perimeter of polygons written within a circle (that is smaller than the diameter of the circle) as well as the perimeter of a polygon inscribed outside a circle (that is more than the circumference), Archimedes' method approximates pi.
  • Through his inventions, Archimedes was able to prevent Rome from assaulting Syracuse.
  • Archimedes invented the theory 'The Claw of Archimedes', which is thought to be a claw that dragged enemy ships out from the sea and smashed them.
The Archimedes principle in hydrostatics is a physics law.

Archimedes' Accomplishments

The law asserts that a body wholly or partially immersed in water experiences an upward force, commonly referred to as buoyancy, equal to the pressure of the water it displaces. Archimedes proposed it. The hydrometer, which measures the specific gravity of liquids, is an example of this concept in action. It's also employed in the design of submarines and ships, as well as the management of a hot-air balloon's movement.

  • Archimedes found that the water pouring from the tub and his submerged body directly related.
  • King Hiero II challenged Archimedes to determine if a gold crown constructed for a temple was solid gold or mingled of silver.
  • According to one narrative concerning Archimedes, King Hieron II of the Syracuse city-state was concerned that the producers of the crown were not using solid gold and instead substituting less precious materials like silver.
  • The monarch requested that Archimedes devise a method to determine whether this was correct.
  • The crown, Archimedes discovered, was made up of a blend of silver and gold.
  • He developed the term 'eureka', nearly universally used to convey great joy at a discovery.
  • According to Archimedes ' principle, the mass of water evacuated by an item matches the quantity of buoyancy it receives.
  • It has practical applications. It can be used to determine an object's density, and thus even if it is not made in gold.
  • He was far ahead of his time with his work to assist people in understanding the idea of surface area and volume of a sphere.
  • He wrote a treatise called 'On the Sphere and Cylinder', which discussed geometry.
  • His book explained how a place's surface area is four times its great circle.
  • During his time, Archimedes' screw was innovative.
  • He could transport low-lying water higher to irrigation canals in farm fields.
  • As he worked on building a working flying machine, Leonardo da Vinci was influenced by this creation.
  • Archimedes' screw is a cylinder with a spinning screw-shaped edge.
  • It may also convey liquid from a low-lying waterbody because it was rotated by hand.
  • Today, this innovation is still in use. Improvements have been made to it.
  • The Archimedes screw is still being used today in die casting machines, plastic reforming equipment, and injection molding equipment, among other things.
  • The fast-rotating screws that assist in water pumping could also produce electricity.

Archimedes' Childhood

Archimedes was one of Ancient Greece's most prominent scientists. He was most famous for being a brilliant mathematician.

  • In 287 BC, Archimedes was born in the Greek city-state in Syracuse on Sicily.
  • He was the child of Phidias, a mathematician, and an astronomer.
  • Heracleides, a companion of Archimedes, wrote his memoir, but it was misplaced. As a result, there is relatively little information on Archimedes' life.
  • There isn't much documented about Archimedes' private life.
  • Archimedes died during a Roman assault.
  • Archimedes was an Egyptian student who was educated in Alexandria.
  • Eratosthenes from Cyrene and Conon from Samos were his classmates.
  • Conon of Samos was a close friend of his.
  • Because Archimedes' precise birth date was unknown, the date was calculated using information from Byzantine Greek historian John Tzetzes.
  • Archimedes existed for 75 years, according to him. Syracuse was a wealthy Greek city on Sicily's coast. Sicily was a self-ruling colony of Magna Graecia at the time.
  • Archimedes departed Syracuse at about 10 years old to study at Alexandria, Egypt.
  • He was a student at Euclid's, a renowned mathematician's school.
  • He became well-known throughout the classical civilizations for his great mind.
  • In fact, that we can't be sure that what he is alleged to have accomplished is accurate.
  • He also influenced Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilei to research motion mathematics.
  • In 1544, Archimedes' remaining writings (sadly, many have been destroyed) were finally printed.
  • Leonardo da Vinci was fortunate enough to have seen several of Archimedes' hand-copied writings before publication.
  • Archimedes grew into one of the greatest minds the world has ever known, steeped in the scientific culture in Ancient Greece.
  • He was known as the Einstein of his period, or, maybe more accurately, Einstein was called the Archimedes of his era.
  • He was indeed a genius, as most of his achievements were well ahead of their time. The Alexandria Library had become the central focus for academics in the ancient world.
  • His development of several military engines and his discovery of hydrostatics and implementation of pi in geometry.
  • Mathematicians revisited Archimedes' work 2000 years later, during the Renaissance through the 1600s.
  • They knew Archimedes' calculations were accurate, but they couldn't explain how he had discovered them.
  • Archimedes was fond of making fun of other mathematicians. He'd teach them the right solutions for problems and then see if they can figure out how to solve them on their own.
  • Archimedes was a brilliant pragmatic scientist, but he also followed the Greek tradition of conducting blue-sky exploration.
  • He worked on issues in mathematics just for mathematics, not to answer practical difficulties.
  • His name was engraved in Greek on his grave, in addition to the sphere inside the cylinder.

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Written by Devangana Rathore

Bachelor of Arts specializing in English Language, Master of Philosophy

Devangana Rathore picture

Devangana RathoreBachelor of Arts specializing in English Language, Master of Philosophy

Devangana is a highly accomplished content writer and a deep thinker with a Master's degree in Philosophy from Trinity College, Dublin. With a wealth of experience in copywriting, she has worked with The Career Coach in Dublin and is constantly looking to enhance her skills through online courses from some of the world's leading universities. Devangana has a strong background in computer science and is also an accomplished editor and social media manager. Her leadership skills were honed during her time as the literacy society president and student president at the University of Delhi.

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