Below Are Some Facts About Waterfalls From All Over The World | Kidadl

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Below Are Some Facts About Waterfalls From All Over The World

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Waterfalls are a way of telling the health of Mother Nature.

The magnificent rate at which water flows indicates the overall wellbeing of an ecosystem. Waterfalls are responsible for maintaining the ecological balance within nature and are home to many diverse species around the world.

Slight changes in waterfalls may be an indicator to humanity that there is an imbalance in the ecosystem. As a result, one of the most significant advantages of waterfalls is that they contribute to the preservation of nature. The water stream determines the biology surrounding it, and the immediate area also benefits from its beauty and calming effects.

Places To See Wonderful Waterfalls

The world is full of beautiful things, one of which is waterfalls. Speaking of waterfalls, let us explore a few of the world's most amazing waterfalls.

Angel Falls, located in Venezuela, South America, cascades from an elevation of 3,213 ft (979.3 m), making Angel Falls the world's tallest waterfall. The tallest waterfall plunges from such a great height that, during summer, the water has already turned to a mist by the time it mixes with the plunge pool below Angels Falls. The beauty of observing the scenery around Angel Falls in the midst of this misty waterfall, with its enchanting sounds, is amazing.

Victoria Falls is one of the most well-known waterfalls on the African continent. These falls form the border between two African countries, Zimbabwe and Zambia. It is the largest waterfall in the world, with a span of around 5,636 ft (1717.9 m). The sheer magnificence of these falls has earned it the status of one of the natural wonders of the world.

Niagra Falls straddle the states of New York, in the USA, and Ontario, Canada, and cross the border between the USA and Canada. These magnificent waterfalls are known for the strong stream flows which make a thundering noise. Niagra Falls are also an important provider of hydroelectric power for the country. It is estimated that more than 20 million travelers visit Niagara Falls every year.

Another famous waterfall on the continent of South America is the Iguazu Falls, situated on the Iguazu River. These waterfalls are located on the Brazil-Argentina border. Iguazu waterfall is a system of around 275 different falls which vary in height and width. It is an incredible natural marvel which is visited by millions of travelers every year.

The tallest natural waterfall of the world is Yosemite Falls, present in California's Yosemite National Park. The Upper Yosemite, Middle Cascades, and Lower Yosemite Falls are the three waterfalls that make up Upper Yosemite. Another waterfall in this national park is the Horsetail Falls.

The natural setting of the waterfall is perfect during a sunny day when the sun rays fall on the water and illuminate the upper part of the waterfall. This is a breathtaking scene to watch; the horsetail waterfall glows an orange color, and turns red during sunset. This feature has conferred the nickname Firefall, which the Horsetail Falls is also known as.

Kaieteur Falls is the highest single-drop waterfall in the world, located in the middle of Guyana's dense jungles. Kaieteur waterfall is situated on the Potaro River, where water flows at the rate of 23,400 cu ft/s (663 cu m/s). This waterfall is also an excellent source of hydroelectric power in the region.

One of the most popular waterfalls in India is Monkey Falls. Situated near Aliyar Dam, In Pollachi, Monkey Falls cascades from a height of about 60ft (18 m) into a plunge pool.

Features Of Waterfalls

There are many waterfalls that are manmade. They were created as a provision of water resources in the early ages. Ancient Romans also created such a waterfall, known as Cascata Delle Marmore, in Italy.

Commonly known as Marmore’s Falls, it is one of the tallest manmade waterfalls. The total height is 544.5 ft (166 m) and it is situated in the Umbria region of Italy. There are many falls similar to it, like cascade waterfalls and plunge waterfalls.

The Asian countries of China and Vietnam are also famous for the Ban Gioc-Detian Waterfall. This waterfall is located along the border of the two Asian countries. It is the fourth-highest cross-bordered waterfall of the world, with only Niagara Falls, Victoria Falls, and Iguazu Falls being higher. The Ban Gioc-Detian Falls drop from a height of 99 ft (27.4 m) and are divided into three separate falls due to trees and rocks. When the water hits the cliffs, the thundering sound is audible from far away.

Sometimes, the temperature of waterfalls cools down below the average temperature of the water. If the temperature falls below its freezing point 21.2 F (-6.1 C ), the waterfalls form ice, the water becomes solid and freezes. The river or the stream that initiates the supply of the waterfall experiences this freezing. As a result, the flow of water is slowed down resulting in a frozen waterfall.

You may notice ice crystals in a randomly loose pattern over the water surface of frozen waterfalls. Frazil ice is common in many water bodies, like frozen waterfalls, with cooler temperatures like rivers, oceans, and lakes where water bodies are open and have turbulence.

Niagara Falls and Angel Falls are considered by many to be two of the most popular waterfalls in the world.

Benefits Of Waterfalls

Natural waterfalls keep the air clean and provide a good respiration environment for biotic creatures, including us. Our bodies are designed to breathe clean and fresh air hence we often immediately feel relaxed whenever we see or hear a waterfall.

Waterfalls have a calming effect and there are people who practise meditation and mindfulness amidst a waterfall. The water falling from a height or rainfall with a certain frequency creates a white noise which is perfect for music therapy. It calms down the nervous system and some say we immediately feel a cooling effect within ourselves by just a vision of a waterfall.

As well as health benefits, waterfalls have commercial benefits, as many waterfalls are also used as a source of power generation. Hydroelectricity plants are set up near waterfalls to generate electricity. Waterfalls are a very powerful source of energy and there are some adventurous sports lovers who love to perform stunts around these waterfalls. They cross these huge waterfalls by using barrels, tightropes, or canoes.

However, a word of warning: these sporty stunts have also claimed the lives of many people, when the stunt goes wrong for some reason. These death-like plunges are extremely risky, especially when it comes to jet skiing over Niagara Falls, for example, when 39-year-old American Robert Overacker fell to his death in 1994, after his parachute failed to open.

Fun Facts About Waterfalls

Waterfalls can be classified based on their way of descending. There are around 10 different ways of the waterfall that descend. The plunge waterfall is the one where waterfalls descend in a vertical direction. While descending, the water loses its contact with the surface of its bedrock.

A cataract waterfall is generally a powerful and large waterfall that is both wide and high in nature. Cataract waterfalls have a large volume of water flowing over a cliff.

A horsetail waterfall is one where the water does maintain some connection with the surface of the bedrock. When water pours over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops at a waterfall in a river or stream, it is known as Horsetail waterfalls. Horseshoe Falls, commonly known as Canadian Falls, is the largest of the three waterfalls that make up Niagara Falls on the Niagara River, which separates Canada from the United States.

A block waterfall is a type where water descends from a wider stream or a wide river, with streams flowing over a ledge. It appears to be a huge piece of block and hence the name. This is known as a classic waterfall or a ledge waterfall, and it's the one we often think of when we imagine waterfalls.

Block waterfalls, also known as rectangular waterfalls, form a rectangular shape as they fall. The underlying cliff face is frequently at a vertical position beneath the block waterfall .

A multistep waterfall features a series of waterfalls of roughly similar sizes. They fall one after the other and form their own plunge pool.

Segmented waterfalls are the ones that have separate flows of water descending. These waterfalls are collectively named under one single waterfall.

The enchantingly named punchbowl waterfalls is a constricted form of fall that descends and a punchbowl waterfall spreads out in a large plunge pool at the bottom.

The tiered waterfall is kind of similar to a steep waterfall, but tiered waterfalls drop in a series of steps.

Fan waterfall is a type where the water remains in contact with the bedrock surface and it spreads in a horizontal direction.

A cascade waterfall falls over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. There are many wide-stream waterfalls that have soft bedrock (a soft rock bed), and many streams flow into falling lakes. Sometimes, the stream bed moves towards the deep pool of the water stream.

Written By
Kidadl Team

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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