The story of the castle and Dracula was that Dracula was buried within the castle and his body lies somewhere under the castle walls.
Vlad Dracula was possibly born on June 17, 1431. The term 'Dracula' translates to 'Son of Dracul.'
Do you know about Bran Castle, a major tourist destination, and its famous association with vampires? If not, then you're in for a treat! This castle is steeped in history and has been associated with the legend of Dracula since the early 1900s. It is now a major destination for people interested in vampire folklore. So, if you're looking to learn more about one of the most famous castles in the world, keep reading!
History Of Bran Castle
Bran Castle is located in Transylvania, Romania. It was built between 1211 and 1225 by Teutonic Knights as a fortress against Turkic invasions into Europe. In 1378 the castle fell into Hungarian hands and remained in their possession until 1408 when it was returned to the Saxons of Kronstadt (now Brasov).
- In 1212 Teutonic Order constructed the wooden castle of Dietrichstein to create a fortified position at the entry to a mountain pass in Burgenland.
- King Louis I of Hungary, issued an act in 1377 that was the first recorded mention of Bran Castle that gave the Saxons of Kronstadt the allowance to construct the stone castle on their labor force and expense.
- Romania's last queen consort, Queen Marie was fond of the Bran Castle royal residence. The town of Brasov gave the castle to Queen Marie in 1920.
- Queen Marie decorated the castle to make it feel a lot like home. The apartment of the last queen consort consisted of two salons, a dressing room, a hall, a dining area, a bathroom, and a bedroom.
- The queen consort's daughter, Princess Ileana, later inherited the castle. During World War II, Princess Ileana turned Bran Castle into a hospital, serving as a nurse to treat wounded soldiers.
- In 1948, however, Bran Castle was captured by communists from the royal family.
- It was only around 2005 that this castle was returned to the original owners. The Romanian government, in the same year, passed a law that would allow restitution claims on properties illegally annexed.
- After one year, the castle was given to Archduke Dominic von Habsburg, the heir, and son of Princess Ileana.
- Until 1533, the castle was the property of Hungarian kings. However, the Brasov city owned it as Vladislav II, the Hungarian king was unable to repay loans.
Importance Of Bran Castle
Bran Castle or 'Dracula's castle' is one of the most important historical sites in all of Romania. The castle has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993 and continues to be a popular attraction for people who are interested in vampire folklore, medieval history, and beautiful castles.
- Most of the artwork and furniture in Bran Castle today once belonged to Queen Marie.
- Today's castle entrance is not the same as it used to be. The old entrance and the thick castle wall made it impenetrable.
- The old entrance also had a door above the ground. So, it turned into a huge project as the castle sits on a cliff at an elevation around 2500 ft (762 m).
- It is believed that the castle fell into the hands of the Elder of Wallachia, Prince Mircea at some point.
- The castle is located along the boundary of the historic regions of Wallachia and Transylvania.
- The center of the castle has a luscious courtyard, which was a common elevation feature of that period.
- Bran Castle was built in record time by 1382 and also consisted of a customs station.
- The castle acted as a defense between 1438-1442 against the Ottoman army.
- Today it remains open to visitors who can explore its many interesting rooms and corridors, including the spectacularly Gothic-style 'Dracula's Hall'.
- There are many theories about how the castle got its name: some people believe that it comes from the word 'bran' meaning gatekeeper; others think it refers to an ancient Romanian family named 'Bran'.
Bran Castle And Dracula
The castle has been a popular destination for tourists since the early 1900s when it became associated with Vlad III Dracula (1431-1476), one of Romania's most famous rulers who ruled from 1456 until his death in 1476.
- The Count Dracula legend, although a figment of human imagination, has highly benefitted tourism in Romania.
- Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' novel describes Bran castle as the residency of Count Dracula, however, the analysis showed many differences in the descriptions. Bram Stoker also describes a river, similar to the one near the Bran castle.
- The castle was never the house of a vampire as no evidence indicates Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Dracula ever lived in the Bran Castle.
- Vlad the Impaler did spend around two months within the Bran Castle, involuntarily.
- Vlad the Impaler was locked in the castle by the army of Matei Corvin, the Hungarian king.
- Poneari Castle is also linked to Vlad the Impaler, or Dracula, as it is believed that repaired the Poenari castle and made it his fortress.
- When the boundary between Wallachia and Transylvania was moved in 1836, the castle lost its military and commercial importance.
- The castle was under decay for 30 years when it was transferred to the forestry of that region.
Facts About Bran Castle
The first mention of Bran Castle was in 1242, while other documents refer to its existence as late as 1377 – but these were not accepted by historians due to their questionable authenticity.
- There is a secret passage in Bran Castle. This secret passage was an escape tunnel in an emergency and is a connection between the first and third floors.
- The castle became the country's first private museum in 2009. It is a national monument also known as Bran Fortress.
- There is a tea house at the foot of the castle among the palatial garden.
- A small chapel was built on the south side of the castle wall in 1940 to honor the queen.
- The costumes of Queen Marie and King Ferdinand are displayed with heraldic banners, weapons, and other suits of armor.
- The room of King Ferdinand has a piece of ornate furniture with a view of the commune down below.
- The castle was occupied by forest inspectors and woodsmen until 1918.
- Until the 18th century, the castle played an essential role in the military.
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