Colombia is one of the most diversified nations in the world, with two seas, a variety of climates, vibrant towns, incredible wildlife, and activities such as kayaking, rafting, rock climbing, paragliding, surfing, diving, and dancing.
Colombia's capital is in the Andean Region, one of the country's six regions that run through the country's center. It sits at the height of 8530 ft (2,600 m) above sea level, on the Cundiboyacense plateau and the savanna that takes its name.
Bogota, situated 8,660 ft (2,640 m) above sea level, officially Bogotá, D.C. ( Capital District), is Colombia's capital. Bogota became the capital of the sovereign country of Gran Colombia after the Battle of Boyacá on August 7, 1819. Colombia's capital also has a slew of modern art galleries and museums, both national and international, as well as street art.
Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada captured Bacatá, the chief seat of the Chibcha Indians, in 1538, and so began European settlement in Bogota. The Province of Santafé became the Free and Independent State of Cundinamarca, which quickly found itself entangled in a civil conflict with other local juntas who grouped together to form the United Provinces of New Granada and pushed for a federalist governance structure. Colombia is the continent's most populated Spanish-speaking country, located in the northwest region of the continent. Bogota is located in Colombia's central-west area. Colombians speak Spanish in excess of 99.5% of the time. In the islands of San Andrés, Providencia, and Santa Catalina, English is the official language. It is the most populous city, and in 2021, the population of Bogota's metro region will be 11,167,000, up 1.72% from 2020.
There are many cold days and nights, despite the fact that sunny days can still be fairly hot. Throughout the year, the average high temperature is approximately 68°F (20°C). Colombia's melting pot is Bogota. All of the country's traditions are represented here, from the Coffee Triangle's gastronomy to the thrill and joy of the Caribbean or the artisanal legacy of Boyacá and the Valle de Cauca Festival. The Rutherfurd Observatory is an astronomical observatory maintained by Columbia University and named after Lewis Morris Rutherfurd. With almost 53,000 students, National Conservatory is one of the country's major colleges. It is also one of the few universities in the nation that hires post-doctoral fellows.
If you like this article, you may find it interesting to read these fun facts articles on Colombian history facts and Colombian economy facts.
Parks And Recreation
In South America, Bogota is the world's third-highest world capital. Bogota, officially Bogotá, D.C. ('Distrito Capital'), is Colombia's capital and the largest city. It is located in the central part of Colombia, in the Cordillera Oriental of the Northern Andes Mountains, in a lush highland basin 8,660 ft (2,640 m) above sea level. It is a gathering spot for individuals from all over the country, making it varied and multicultural.
There are numerous parks in Bogota. Bogota's largest park spans 400 ha (4 sq. km) and is so enormous that it's easy to forget you're in the middle of city limits with a population of over 10 million people. The Colombian National Library is a public library in Bogota, Colombia. The Colombian Ministry of Culture is responsible for the library. There's something for everyone in Simon Bolivar Park, which is dominated by a big center lake – which you can explore by renting pedalos or canoes – and surrounded by playing fields, woodlands, little cafés, and restaurants as well as running and cycling routes. The José Celestino Mutis Botanical Garden (full name) is one of Bogota's most attractive green areas and a great location to go if you're interested in Colombia's distinct and diversified ecosystems, which are depicted in the exquisite greenhouses and flower displays. The Lover's Park, the third of a trinity of neighboring green areas that include the Bogotá Botanical institute and Simon Bolivar Park, is as romantic as its name indicates. The park, which is smaller and more personal than Simon Bolivar and contains a lake and other lovely water features, is ideal for a romantic picnic or stroll, with lots of gorgeous bridges and park seats to enjoy. Chico Park, one of Bogota's most upscale parks, is located next to the posh Parque 93 neighborhood. It's popular with children and couples on weekends because of its shaded, tree-lined pathways and lovely water features. In the park, there's even a coffee-serving double-decker London bus!
Parque Mundo Aventura was founded in 1998 as a gift from the city's chamber of business to provide a fun area for all inhabitants to visit. It has since grown to become Bogota's largest amusement park, with 13 ha (0.13 sq. km) of rides, game areas, food courts, and other attractions. As the park is owned by the government, anyone can use it for free. The Museo del Oro is one of Bogota's most prominent and well-known museums (the Gold Museum). The Botero Museum is situated in the historic neighborhood of the Candelaria, just a short walk from the Gold Museum and the Emerald Foundation Museum. The Botero Museum should be at the top of your list if you are interested in art and want to view a collection of paintings by Fernando Botero, one of Colombia's most famous artists.
The Castillo San Felipe Fortress architecture in Cartagena is the greatest colonial Spanish fortress in continental South America. The Plaza Bolívar is the city's most important central location. Around Plaza Bolívar square, there are numerous impressive classic and baroque structures. San Francisco Church is Bogota's oldest surviving church, having been built between 1557 and 1621. With its lavish benches and continuous flow of praying pilgrims, the interior is atmospherically gloomy.
Women In Early Colonial Bogota
Colombian women have the right to bodily integrity and autonomy, the right to vote, the right to hold public office, the right to work, the right to fair wages or equal pay, the right to own property, the right to receive an education, the right to serve in the military in certain roles but not in combat arms units, the right to enter into legal contracts, the right to marry, have children, and practice religion.
Since the early 20th century, Colombian women's rights have been progressively improving. Women have played a major part in Colombian military history, mostly as sympathizers or spies, like in the instance of Policarpa Salavarrieta, who was instrumental in the country's freedom from Spanish rule. Some indigenous cultures, such as the Wayuu, have a matriarchal society in which the position of the woman is primary and most significant. During the colonial period, the Spanish conquest was particularly hostile to indigenous women. Slavery, rape, and the loss of cultural identity were all common experiences for indigenous women. Colombian women were confined to the background during the colonial era, the 19th century, and the foundation of the Republic of Colombia era. The Republic of Colombia was governed by a presidential system of government. Women's education was restricted to the rich, and they were only allowed to study through middle school at a Roman Catholic monastery. Colombia's Congress passed a bill on December 10, 1934, granting women the opportunity to study. The bill sparked debate, as did any subject concerning women's rights at the time.
Women in Colombia were only allowed to attend school until the middle school level before 1933. Order number 1972 of 1933, which allowed women to enter higher education, was backed by liberal congressman Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, while conservative Germán Arciniegas opposed it. The ordinance was passed and signed by Alfonso López Pumarejo's liberal administration. The National University of Colombia, which is controlled by the government, was the first higher education school in Colombia to admit female students. On February 1, 1935, Gerda Westendorp was accepted to study medicine. Gabriela Peláez, who entered the institution in 1936 and graduated as a lawyer, was the first woman to graduate from a Colombian university. Under the auspices of Our Lady of the Rosary University, Mara Carulla established the first school of social work in 1936. Following this, many people began to regard women as being on par with males in terms of academic accomplishment, inventiveness, and discipline. Simultaneously, citizens began to endorse the notion of female citizenship, following the lead of other nations. Constant political violence, social challenges, and economic problems were among the primary research topics for women, particularly in the areas of family violence and marital relationships, as well as child abuse.
Twin Towns And Sister Cities
Bogota is Chicago's first South American sister city. It is the Colombian capital and the country's financial hub. Furthermore, it is a prominent educational hub in the region, earning it the moniker 'Athens of South America.' Visitors swarm to Bogota's ancient old city, La Candelaria, as the Andes Mountains beckon in the background. This is a list of 'sister cities' or 'twin towns' in South America, which are pairs of towns or cities in different nations that have twinning agreements.
Quindo's capital, Armenia, is located in Colombia. Armenia is a mid-sized city situated between three major Colombian cities, Bogota, Medellin, and Cali. Raipur, India, is the most recent city to join Armenia's sister city program.
The following is a list of Bogota, Columbia's twin cities.
Armenia, Barranquilla, Bogota, Cuba Havana is the capital of Cuba, Cartagena, Bilbao, Fort Lauderdale, Uruguay's Tacuarembó, Palermo, Pereira, and Sincelejo Santa Marta Popayán.
Mythology And Religion
The phrases Muisca religion and mythology allude to the Muisca indigenous people's pre-Columbian beliefs in the Andes' Cordillera Oriental highlands near Bogota, Colombia. The Pacific Coast of Colombia is located immediately west of the Cordillera Occidental.
The tradition contains a number of well-known tales about the universe's creation and structure. Their religious system may be defined as a polytheistic religion with a significant spiritual component based on a mystical epistemology. Bachué ('the Grandmother') is a non-material force of creativity, volition, mind, and imagination. She is a Chinese mythological notion that is comparable to the Tao principle. The cosmic origin is the period of unquyquie nxie ('the first thought') when Bachué's ideas became acts. This is when Bachué formed the universe's builders and gave them orders to construct. The universe began with Chimi ('the pulp'), the planet's first tangible thing. The embryos of stars, land, and stone were then fostered in the inner chambers of Tomsa.
When the Tomsa was full, the Earth's seeds emerged, and the rest was thrown away, resulting in the Milky Way. According to Muisca folklore, mankind began at Lake Iguaque, when the grandmother deity Bachué emerged from the water with a son. They filled the Earth as the boy got older. They are regarded as the human race's forefathers. Finally, they vanished in the shape of snakes into the lake. Chibchacum unleashed a deluge that engulfed the globe and nearly wiped off humanity due to crimes against heavenly rules. Then, through the Tequendama Falls, the protecting deity Bochica pushed the waters away and taught humanity the foundations of civilization, agriculture, religion, the arts, and crafts.
Best Time To Visit Bogota, Colombia
Colombia is a year-round destination, but the ideal months to visit are December through March and June through September. Temperatures are rather consistent throughout the year, but if you're visiting the upper sections of the nation, be prepared for freezing nights. April-June and August-October are rainy seasons, although the country is still passable and costs are cheaper.
Colombia's peak season runs from December to March, with warm, sunny days all around the nation. This is the busiest time of year for beach resorts, so anticipate crowds and increased rates. July and August are other viable options but be prepared for some rain. If you want to visit the Colombian Amazon, June through December are the ideal months to go because there is less rain. This means you'll have a higher chance of navigating pathways and seeing wildlife near water sources. The greatest time to visit Colombia's most popular city is between December and April when there is less rain.
So, the greatest time to visit Colombia is between December and March, when the Andes are at their driest. Keep in mind that certain months, particularly December-January and Easter, are exceptionally crowded with local and foreign travelers; costs will climb, and you'll need to book ahead of time. From July through early September, there is a shorter dry season. The wettest months on the Caribbean coast are September and October, yet the weather remains hot. Of course, the Amazon is hot and humid all year, and the mountains will be much colder and fresher, requiring thick clothes at night, despite the fact that the sun heats everything up rapidly during the day. It is necessary to have a guide when visiting the National Museum. To ensure a space on a National Museum of Colombia tour, make a reservation ahead of time. Bogot puts the finest of Colombia together, and as a result, it should be at the top of any travel itinerary. El Dorado International Airport is the city's airport and serves the country's capital, Bogota.
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