46 Brilliant Buffalo Grass Facts For Budding Botanists! | Kidadl


46 Brilliant Buffalo Grass Facts For Budding Botanists!

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Buffalo grass has properties similar to turfgrass and that is why it is sometimes used as a synonym for turfgrass.

It is very useful when it comes to lowering water intake and it is adaptable to hot weather. Buffalo grass is a warm-season grass. It grows well during the summer, spring, and autumn.

If you have an interest in gardening, are planning to create a mini garden, or renovate your already established lawn but, are struggling to choose a grass that lasts long, then Buffalo grass would be a perfect choice!

This grass is famous, especially when it comes to new botanists. People who are just getting into the idea to plant flower beds and mini plants, usually have no clue about which grass spreads would be good for their little saplings. To simplify their problem, here comes some facts about buffalo grass, to make choosing easier. Buffalo grass is an inexpensive turf grass because its female protective shells have more than one seeds that are not easily sown.

This grass has some amazing features that are known to only a few people. If you want to know more about it, then keep reading.

What is Buffalo grass?

Buffalo grass is an adaptive and flexible grass that can spread across an entire lawn in about four weeks. It is generally short in length but, is as tough as turfgrass. It has a list full of fantastic features.

  • It is a wild plant and is native to North America. It is also one of the toughest grasses found there.
  • The scientific name of buffalo grass is Bouteloua dactyloides.
  • Buffalo grass is also used as lawn grass. The lawn would easily survive hot climatic conditions as these are drought-resistant grasses.
  • These grasses can also survive for a long time under cold climatic conditions. However, it might gradually turn a shade of brown.
  • Buffalo grass requires minimal care and can be left, without attention, for a long time.
  • For all its good qualities, buffalo grass is not immune to weeds. Crabtail and fox grass are two examples of summer weeds.
  • Being a wild plant, it is also used as a pasture for animal feeding.
  • It is a warm-season grass but, compared to other grasses, it could also survive for a long time during cold seasons.
  • With the help of this grass, anyone can make their lawn green throughout the better part of the year.
  • It could help new plants, grow on a lawn.
  • Buffalo grass is available in a large variety that varies from garden to garden. Its major varieties are bison, Cody, sapphire, Sir Walter buffalo grass, top gun, plains, and so on.

Where is Buffalo grass native to?

Buffalo grasses are native plants of the North American continent and can be seen in regions of Canada, Mexico, and the U.S.

  • These grasses are found in between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian mountains.
  • It can be found from south-central America to the rolling plains of the north of Texas.
  • One can see these grasses in the great plains from Montana to Mexico.
  • It doesn't grow well in heavy rainfall areas or areas that have moist climates.
  • These grasses grow very well in dry climates as they do not require much water.
  • Buffalo grass can grow even in poor-quality clay or loam soil.
  • The grass spreads by using seeds, surface runners, or stolons. Stolons are stems that grow above the ground, wherever the stem touches the ground, new plants grow.
  • People living in dry or hot climate areas prefer this grass when they are growing a new plant or planting a seed, as it complements and helps in their growth.
  • This grass can be found in the wild and the fields.
  • Buffalo grass can also be found on farmlands of farmers practicing animal husbandry. It is widely used as a pasture for animals in the Great Plains such as white-tailed deer, bison, prairie dogs, and many more.
  • Nowadays buffalo grass is widely available as turfgrass. They can be planted in schools, gardens, parks, lawns, roadsides, golf courses, and many other such areas.
The color of the buffalo grass is green or blue during the summer, and becomes yellow or brown during the winter.

Physical Features Of Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass is tough turf grass that is used in domestic lawns, gardens, and parks. It can be planted in any place where there are dry climates. Some of the physical features of the buffalo grass are listed down below.

  • Buffalo grass is blue and green.
  • The blades of the buffalo grass are curly. The blades can grow up to a height of 12 in(30.5 cm). Generally, if they grow to this height then the leaves curl themselves and appear short from far.
  • Its roots go deep, between 11.8-35.4 in(30-90 cm), which is why less water is required to plant them.
  • The flowers of these grasses are both pistillate and staminate, meaning it has both female and male flowers respectively.
  • To produce seeds, male plants and female plants are needed. Both male plants and female plants are found sometimes at a distance of a few inches and at other times at a much greater distance.
  • The perfect time to sow buffalo grass seeds is either April or May because these grasses love sunlight.
  • If it is planted after May, without germinating the seed, then one has to wait until spring so that complete germination occurs. It takes about 15-21 days for the germination of buffalo grass.
  • If planting this plant for the first time and sod is used, rather than seeds, then it needs less care, even during its growth stage. However, proper care and attention are required during its growth time if it is planted using seed.
  • This grass doesn't need much care or daily watering. Watering it once a week would be more than enough to grow and maintain this grass.
  • If the grass gets too much water then the chances of growing weeds and bermudagrass will be high. That is the reason that buffalo grass is not a perfect choice for areas that have a lot of rainfall or a generally moist climate throughout the year.
  • This grass is generally short in height which is about 8-10 in(20.3-25.4 cm).
  • Buffalo grass can be grown either from seeds or from sod.
  • It needs clay or loam soil to grow.
  • It needs mowing once a week to keep it at a height of not more than 2-3 in(5-7.6 cm).
  • This grass doesn't generally need fertilizers or fertilization. However, the application of light fertilization would help in maintaining its natural color even during spring and winter.
  • It also does not require much irrigation. If it is used for commercial places such as golf courses, office lawns, schools, etc, then it needs irrigation but not to a greater extent.

Adaptations Of Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass is flexible when it comes to its adaptation. It can adapt to any region or area where there is proper sunlight because it likes hot summer days.

  • Buffalo grass is adaptable to low rainfall and low moisture areas.
  • Buffalo grass can withstand many diseases.
  • When buffalo grass is used in gardens or lawns, the lawn becomes adapted to low moisture.
  • The new variety of buffalo grasses are resistant to weeds but, when they become old, they need mowing at regular intervals so that weeds and other diseases don't invade buffalo grass space.
  • The water that buffalo grass requires varies considerably. The seed needs a lesser amount of water when they are growing until the time they are young. They do need a slightly higher amount of water when the grass is older.
  • The color of this grass varies from green in the summer to brown during the arrival of winter. During the winter season, the grass becomes inactive and awakens in the warm, spring soil.
  • Buffalo grass could also be used as a turf that is 8-10 in(20.3-25.4 cm) high.
  • Although buffalo grass needs zero maintenance and irrigation, weeds can be a major issue. Therefore, one must be cautious while removing weeds.
Written By
Lydia Samson

<p>A diligent and driven mass communications graduate from Caleb University, Lydia has experience in media and a passion for digital marketing and communications. She is an effective communicator and team-builder with strong analytical, management, and organizational skills. She is a self-starter with a positive, can-do attitude.</p>

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