Charles IV Birthday & Fun Facts

Height, Age, Net Worth, Biography & More

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Jan 31, 2024 By Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Originally Published on May 31, 2022
Click here to read some of the most interesting and unknown facts about Charles IV.
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About Charles IV

Charles IV, also referred to as Charles of Luxembourg and Karl IV in German, was the first King of Bohemia to ascend to the position of Holy Roman Emperor.
Charles IV was both a member of the House of Luxembourg and the Bohemian House of Pemyslid. He was chosen the Kingdom of Bohemia and inherited the County of Luxembourg from his father.
Charles IV was crowned King of Bohemia in September 1347. In July 1346, the prince-electors elected him over Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, to be the King of the Romans. In 1349, after the demise of his opponent, he was re-elected and crowned King of the Romans. In 1355, he was anointed as the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Italy. In 1365, Charles IV became the individual ruler of all Holy Roman Empire states upon his coronation as King of Burgundy.

Charles IV Net Worth, Earnings & Spending Habits

What was Charles IV's net worth?

Charles IV's net worth is not yet known. However, Considering that the Holy Roman Emperor belonged to a royal family, he inherited a huge amount of ancestral wealth.

How much did Charles IV earn per year?

There is not much information regarding Charles Howell IV's yearly earnings.

Height, Age & Physical Attributes

How tall was Charles IV?

The exact height of Charles IV is not known.

How old was Charles IV?

Charles IV was 62 years old at the time of his death, on November 29, 1378.

Childhood And Education

Born on May 14, 1316, Charles IV was born to King John of Bohemia who ascended from the Luxembourg dynasty, and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty in Prague. At his confirmation, he selected the name Charles in honor of his uncle, King Charles IV of France, at whose court he resided for seven years.
Charles was sent to France by his father at the age of seven to study at the French court. Charles obtained French education and spoke Latin, Czech, German, French, and Italian fluently.
Future Pope Clement VI was one of his Paris-based instructors. In 1330, Charles' father called him to Luxembourg, and in 1331, Charles supervised his father's interim gains in northern Italy. In 1343, John entrusted him with the government of the land. Due to Charles's efforts, Pope Clement VI elevated the bishopric of Prague to archbishopric the next year, granting the Bohemian territories religious authority. Simultaneously, Charles directed the construction of St. Vitus' Cathedral, which was constructed on Hradčany Hill in the Czech capital.
Meanwhile, discussions were started to replace Louis IV, who had been excommunicated by the Pope in 1324, with Charles the German. Charles did not ascend to the throne until 1346, when he was chosen by five of seven electors and had taken all the required vows from the Pope. One of the finest medieval theologians and intellectuals, William of Ockham, referred to Charles as Charles rex clericorum. Louis, however, refused to recognize Charles as king and insisted that he was the legitimate monarch.

Family And Relationship

Who was Charles IV’s partner?

Charles had four marriages. Blanche of Valois, daughter of the Count of Valois, was his first wife. The couple had three children.
The daughter of the Count Palatine of the Rhine, Anna of Bavaria, was Charles IV's second wife with whom he had one son.
Charles IV's third wife was Anna von Schweidnitz, daughter of the Duke of Świdnica. They had three children.
Charles IV's fourth wife was Elizabeth of Pomerania, daughter of the Duke of Pomerania and Elisabeth of Poland. They had six children together.

Career And Professional Highlights

Best Known For…

Initially, the presence of the two German rulers had no negative repercussions. But when Charles participated in a battle against England in which his father, King John, was killed, he became king of Bohemia and planned an assault against Louis. Despite the fact that Louis IV passed away the following year, his adherents elected anti-kings until Charles secured their peaceful submission. By extending privileges to the towns in southern Germany, he garnered their support. He was also able to cultivate allies in the north by employing his diplomatic abilities. He was quickly acknowledged as the only German king. However, the Bohemian lands were his primary preoccupation.
Charles was anointed King of Bohemia by the new Prague archbishop in 1347. In a matter of months, he promulgated a new law of coronation and defined the constitutional position of the king in the state, wherein Bohemia became a hereditary monarchy.
Charles established the first university in central Europe with the same rights and privileges as the universities in Paris and Bologna in 1348. Simultaneously, outside Prague, the cornerstone was set for another of Charles's projects, Karlštejn Castle, where the imperial crown jewels and the symbol of the crown of Bohemia were housed. In 1354, Charles led an army into Italy in an effort to gain legitimacy for the House of Luxembourg and the Bohemian patrimonial kingdoms. Early in 1355, he got the Iron Crown of Lombardy at Milan, and he obtained the imperial crown during Easter that same year in Rome. After acquiring the imperial crown, he is claimed to have returned to Prague.
Charles established a form of the imperial constitution known as the Golden Bull in Prague. It governed the choice of the German king by seven electors who, by virtue of their particular privileges, became true sovereigns, with the King of Bohemia in the lead. Charles's last desire was for his oldest son, Wenceslas, to succeed to the crown. After lengthy and arduous talks, Wenceslas was chosen as the King of Germany. Charles passed away in 1378 and was laid to rest in St. Vitus' Cathedral.

Charity Work

Charles IV enthusiastically promoted the construction of churches and the establishment of charity organizations.

Charles IV’s Hobbies And Interests

Notably, in Prague, Charles IV was a major supporter of the arts and sciences. Apart from influencing the development of the German written language, he was interested in early Humanism, which had a significant impact on his governance.

Other Interesting Charles IV Facts And Trivia

In the middle of the 14th century, the Holy Roman Emperor title was more beneficial for dynastic aggrandizement than as an indication of political power.
'Autobiography of Emperor Charles IV and his Legend of St Wenceslas' is one of the few memoirs to have survived from the Middle Ages.
Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia, the son of Charles IV, was chosen King of Germany, and, after the death of Charles IV, he became the King of Bohemia.
Prior to Charles IV of Prague's accession to the throne, people who desired a higher education in the Czech Republic had to go to England, Italy, France, or Spain. To provide access to academic education, he created Charles University in 1348. From its initial four faculties of theology, law, arts, and medicine, the university today comprises 17 faculties located in several Prague buildings.

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Charles IV Birthday & Fun Facts Facts

Date of Birth

1316-05-13

Date of Death

1378-11-28

Nationality

Bohemian

Place of Birth

Prague

Eye Color

Blue

Occupation

Holy Roman Emperor

Education

French Court

Partner

Elizabeth of Pomerania, Anna von Schweidnitz, Anne of Bavaria, Blanche of Valois

Parents

King John of Bohemia, Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia

Siblings

John Henry, Margrave of Moravia
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Sources

www.famedborn.comprague.orgkingdom-come-deliverance.fandom.comen.wikipedia.orgwww.holyromanempireassociation.comwww.britannica.com

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Written by Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason

Bachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason picture

Adekunle Olanrewaju JasonBachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

With over 3+ years of professional experience, Olanrewaju is a certified SEO Specialist and Content Writer. He holds a BSc in Mass Communication from the University of Lagos. Throughout his dynamic career, Olanrewaju has successfully taken on various roles with startups and established organizations. He has served as a Technical Writer, Blogger, SEO Specialist, Social Media Manager, and Digital Marketing Manager. Known for his hardworking nature and insightful approach, Olanrewaju is dedicated to continuous learning and improvement.
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