Curious Brazil Climate Facts: Here's What You Need To Know! | Kidadl

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Curious Brazil Climate Facts: Here's What You Need To Know!

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Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of its land area, which is 3288045.98 sq mi (8561000 sq km).

As the sixth most populated country in the world, Brazil is one of the largest countries in South and Latin America. The Federative Republic of Brazil is the official name of Brazil.

The capital of Brazil is Brasilia. Sao Paulo is one of the most populated cities in Brazil. Brazil is composed of 26 states and a Federal District. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. Brazil consists of a mixture of cultures and is diverse because many people have migrated to Brazil due to various conditions. The majority of the population of Brazil is Roman Catholic. To the east of Brazil lies the Atlantic Ocean.

The Amazon basin in Brazil is home to several wild creatures and various ecosystems. Due to its unique environmental heritage, Brazil is one of the 17th most megadiverse countries in the world. However, recently due to deforestation and other degrading processes, Brazil has been hugely affected and is subjected to climatic changes. Several tribes are found in Brazil, and each of them has its unique culture and traditions.

Until 1808, Brazil was a Portuguese colony, and in 1808 it was transferred to Rio de Janeiro from Lisbon. Brazil achieved its independence in the year 1822. In 1824, the first constitution of Brazil was created, leading to the formation of the bicameral legislature called the National Congress. UNESCO has ranked Brazil as it has 22 heritage sites and is rich in history.

After reading about the temperatures and average rain in Brazil's temperate zones, check out Brazil's beaches facts and Brazil's agriculture facts.

Seasons Of Brazil

Brazil has a climate that varies from the tropical north to the temperate climate at the south of the Tropic of Capricorn. They also have subtropical, semiarid, and equatorial.

Brazil is located along the eastern coast of South America and shares land borders with multiple countries, including Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname.

Near the equator, there is a seasonal variation. During the rainy season, it becomes cool enough to wear jackets. Brazil has summers, winters, and autumn seasons. During autumn, the leaves are shed, and it is a beautiful sight. During winters, the temperature becomes relatively low and is accompanied by frost, especially south of the Tropic of Capricorn.

Coastal cities like Rio de Janeiro, Recife, and Salvador have a hot climate, while southern cities like Curitiba have mild winters. The temperature in the Amazon is quite hot and ranges from 71.6-78.8 F (22-26 C). Cities like Brasilia and Belo Horizonte have moderate temperatures. While the cities like Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Sao Paulo have subtropical climates. Brazil rarely experiences freezing winters.

Usually, winters are cold and comfortable. The country experiences snowfalls on mountains of states like Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná. Brazil experiences moderate rainfall between 39-59 in (99.06-1 49.86 cm). Typically, it's humid in the Amazon region, which experiences rainfall of more than 79 in (200.66 cm).

Factor That Best Explains The Climate Distribution Of Northern Brazil

Factors that explain the climatic distribution of North Brazil include:

Brazil is located at tropical latitudes, which affects the country's climate.

Secondly, ocean currents play a significant role in affecting the climate of a country. The ocean currents thus enhance the climate of northern Brazil.

Another factor that affects the climate of northern Brazil is the elevation from the sea level. The sea level plays an important role.

Along the Atlantic coast, which runs from Rio de Janeiro to Recife, the average temperature range is 73.4-80.6 F (23-27 C).

Lastly, the distance from the continental shelf also affects the climate distribution of northern Brazil.

June to September is the best time to visit Brazil as the temperature is pleasant.

Winter In Brazil

The winters in Brazil start from May and last till September. It is quite the opposite of the winters that people of the Northern Hemisphere experience.

Northern Brazil has a tropical climate with a temperature range from mid 68-86 F (20-30C). The winters are like summers of Europe at Rio de Janeiro. The evenings are pretty chilly because of the humidity, and you might require a jacket or jeans to adapt to the cold weather.

The south region of Brazil, or at least most parts of the area around the plateau, is extremely cold during the winters. The average temperatures here during the winters are near 32 F(0 degrees Celsius).

The best season to visit Brazil is winter. During winters, people usually go hiking in the mountains of Rio de Janeiro. However, the winter of Sao Paulo is colder than the winters of Rio de Janeiro. Southern Brazil experiences comparatively cooler winters than North Brazil, and sometimes it experiences snowfall and a layer of ice covering certain places. Also, winters in Brazil are pretty dry, and the temperature drops low, but it is not that chilly. Instead, winters there are comfortable.

Rains In Brazil

Brazil experiences heavy rainfall. Sometimes it rains enough to flood cities and cause damage to crops and houses.

Torrential rain in Brazil also causes landslides, and often people perish in floods and storms. While most parts of Brazil experiences rainfall of about 39-59 in (99.06-1 49.86 cm), it is during summers when most of the rain occurs. Unlike the Northern Hemisphere, Brazil experiences a summer that lasts from December to April.

The Amazon basin experiences rainfall of more than 78.7 in (200.66 cm), and the region is quite humid, and sometimes it might experience rainfall of about 118.1 in (299.99 cm). Similarly, there is a region in Brazil called Sertao, which has semi-desert vegetation which upon receiving rain, turns green.

The center-west region of Brazil experiences rainfall of about 59-78 in (149.86-200.66 cm). It is at the mouth of Amazon, which gets the heaviest and most intense rainfall in Brazil. The city of Belem experiences about an average of 3.5-8.3 in (8.89-21.08 cm) of rainfall. Lush vegetation grows here because of the warm weather, making the place green and vibrant.

The annual average temperature in central Brazil, the country's center-west, and the country's southern region is 71.6-78.8 F (22-26 C). Average temperatures in the tropical north of the country, northern Brazil, are higher since it has a subtropical climate of Brazil. Brazil lies in the tropical zone, tropical zone indicating that there is moderate rainfall with decent precipitation levels.

There are lesser winter temperatures and more summer extremes in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil. Larger mammals are found in the western Amazon, but currently, the country is facing environmental issues like deforestation in the Amazon region and severe drought. Winter means frosts in the south, including the southern cities. In contrast, coastal cities can experience high daytime temperatures due to the sun's rays in this equatorial climate, which is harming the livelihood of such animals in the country.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for Curious Brazil Climate Facts: Here's What You Need To Know!, then why not take a look at 11 schools in Brazil Facts that you probably haven't heard before and 41 Brazil history facts: know all about this South American country!

Written By
Kidadl Team

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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