21 Deccan Plateau Facts You Probably Didn't Know Before | Kidadl


21 Deccan Plateau Facts You Probably Didn't Know Before

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The Deccan Plateau also called the Peninsular Plateau, or even the Great Peninsular Plateau, is a large plateau in India.

The plateau covers much of Southern India and is the biggest plateau in the Indian union. It is triangular in design and is bordered on the northwest by the Satpura and Vindhya, on the north by the Mahadev and Maikal, and by the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats on the other side.

Its average elevation is 19685 ft (600 m), with peaks of 3280 ft (1000 m) in the south and 1640 ft (500 m) in the north.

The course of its principal rivers indicates that its overall slope is west to east.

This plateau has been fragmented further by river valleys into a lot of smaller plateaus.

Deccan is an anagram of the Prakrit term 'dakkhin,' which is taken from the Sanskrit term 'dákia', which means 'south.'

The Bahmanid dynasty controlled the Deccan as an independent kingdom until the 16th century when restive rulers partitioned the territory into five lesser kingdoms.

In between the Vindhya Ranges and also the Krishna River on the Deccan Plateau, five kingdoms later became several independent kingdoms when the Bahmani Sultanates disintegrated.

Keep reading to learn some additional interesting facts regarding the Deccan Plateau in the country of India. After reading these facts about the Deccan Plateau, you may also look at other fun fact articles on Columbia plateau facts and Dcolorado plateau facts.

Location Of The Deccan Plateau

  • The Deccan Plateau in India stretches from the Satpura Range to Cape Comorin to the south.
  • It is bounded on the north by the Satpura-Mahadeo-Mahakala ranges, on the west by the Sahyadris or the Western Ghats, and on the east by the Malayadri or the Eastern Ghats.
  • The Deccan Plateau is surrounded by the Western and Eastern Ghats mountain ranges and stretches southwards to the Narmada River to the Nilgiri and Palni hills.
  • To the east, the plateau gradually declines into a larger alluvial plain that stretches into the states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
  • The Deccan Plateau is India's biggest plateau, stretching over eight states of India.
  • The highest mountain on the Indian peninsula is Anamudi, which is located in Kerala.
  • The Chhattisgarh state is located in the plateau's northeast portion. Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana, Bangalore, the city of Karnataka, and Pune, the cultural capital of Maharashtra, are the three major cities in the Deccan.
  • The Deccan Plateau is a huge plateau in western and southern India that encompasses much of the country.
  • The plateau comprises 1,62,934 sq mi (4,22,000 sq km), or around 43 % of the landmass of India.
  • The Deccan Plateau is a three-edged landmass in India that stretches south of the Narmada River.
  • In the north, the Satpura Mountain borders its broad base, while the Mahadev, Kaimur, and Maikal chains comprise its eastward extension.

Deccan Plateau's Geographical Features

  • The Deccan plateau located in India is in the shape of a triangle and covers eight of the Indian states. The plateau is the highest plateau in India
  • The Deccan Plateau stretches over eight Indian states and is sandwiched between three mountain ranges.
  • Its uplands form a triangle within the Indian subcontinent coastline's typical downward-pointing triangle.
  • The Deccan plateau is made up of large regions of the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana, as well as a region of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The Deccan Plateau is a triangle plateau lying south of the Narmada River in south India.
  • The Satpura range runs parallel to its wide range in the north, while the Mahadev, Kaimur Hills, and Maikal Range go eastward.
  • It rises in the west and slowly descends eastwards.
  • The Western Ghats run along the western side of the Deccan Plateau. The Western Ghats are made up of the Sahyadri, the Nilgiri, the Annamalai, and the Cardamom Hills.
  • The low and discontinuous hills define the eastern margin of the plateau. The Eastern Ghats are a group of mountains in India.
  • The Deccan Traps constitutes the northwestern part of the Deccan plateau, and the plateau covers practically all of Maharashtra as well as regions of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. It is made up of stairs and is produced by lava flows.
  • The Deccan Traps, a massive, craggy plateau produced when molten lava cooled and turned to rock, is located in western India.
  • The Deccan Traps were formed when a volcanic eruption deep under the Earth burst on the surface approximately 66 million years ago.
  • The Deccan Plateau's highest point is the Karnataka Plateau, among its several smaller plateaus.
  • Several major rivers travel through the eastward-tilting plateau and Arabian sea before reaching the Bay of Bengal, notably the Kaveri, Godavari, Krishna, as well as Penner.
  • Tiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu is known as the Southern Gateway to the Deccan Plateau.
The Deccan plateau lies between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats in the southern tip of India.

Significance Of The Deccan Plateau

  • The Deccan plateau is a mineral-rich area that contributes to India's mineral wealth. It propelled India into the ranks of industrialized nations.
  • Since it is made up of very old, crystalline, hard, igneous, and metamorphic rocks, India's Deccan plateau is mineral-rich. Mineral resources abound in such rocks.
  • The rocks in the Deccan traps are rich in mineral deposits of various types. The main rocks are granite boulders, basalt, gneiss, and quartzite, with certain limestone and sandstone thrown in for good measure.
  • Hydropower installations located along peninsular rivers provide a significant portion of India's electrical demands.
  • The languages and ethnic groupings of people in the Deccan region are quite diverse and densely populated.
  • The Deccan Plateau's predominant inhabitants are Gond and Bhil.
  • Cotton, sugarcane, and rice are the principal crops grown in this area.
  • Minerals abound in the Deccan. Mica and iron ore may be found in the Chhota Nagpur region, while diamonds, gold, and other metals can be discovered in the Golconda region.
  • The Garo, Khasi, and Jaintia hills are three significant hill ranges that go from west to east.
  • The Satpura range runs parallel to its wide range in the north, while the Mahadev, Kaimur Hills, and Maikal Range go eastward.
  • The black dirt region known as Deccan Traps is one of the peninsular plateau's most distinctive characteristics.
  • There are a lot of igneous rocks because they are volcanic in origin. These rocks have depleted through time, resulting in the creation of black soil.
Written By
Shagun Dhanuka

<p>With a Degree in Business Administration, Shagun is an avid writer with a passion for food, fashion, and travel, which she explores on her blog. Her love of literature has led her to become a member of a literary society, where she contributes to promoting literary festivals in her role as head of marketing for her college. Shagun also pursues learning the Spanish language in her free time.</p>

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