Fun Dogue De Bordeaux Facts For Kids

Aashita Dhingra
Jan 05, 2023 By Aashita Dhingra
Originally Published on Aug 05, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Shreya Yadav
Spectacular French dog breeds, Dogue de Bordeaux facts that will make you want to own one
Age: 3-18
Read time: 9.9 Min

Dogue de Bordeaux, also popular as the French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff and Bordeaux dog is a very strong and muscular dog. They originated in Southern France, specifically the Bordeaux region, more than 600 years ago, explaining their name.

The Dogue de Bordeaux dog breed is believed to be descended from the Bulldog, Mastiff, and Bullmastiff. They are one of the oldest breeds, which were initially used as a guard dog for elite homes, but after the French revolution, they pulled carts and were used for guarding flocks. After Tom Hank's film 'Turner and Hooch' in 1989, Dogue de Bordeaux gained huge popularity from the American public. Since then, they have become affectionate family dogs for most households.

Dogue de Bordeaux, nicknamed DDB, are well-built dogs and have a massive head. In fact, its head is considered to be the largest in the canine world. These brawny fawn-coated guardian dogs are considered loyal, affectionate, and protective.

French Mastiff looks bulky in appearance, but they are calm and relaxed and become agile only when necessary.

Are you excited to make Dogue de Bordeaux mastiff as your pet? Learn below more interesting and important facts about Dogue de Bordeaux dogs. After, read these Brazilian terrier facts and corgi golden retriever mix facts for more on mammals. 

Dogue De Bordeaux Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Dogue de Bordeaux?

The Dogue de Bordeaux, known as the French Mastiff, is an ancient working French dog breed. The scientific name is 'Canis lupus'. They are massive in size, muscular, and a very powerful guard dog initially bred for hunting, pulling carts, and guarding flocks. A well-trained Dogue de Bordeaux is very loyal and protective of their owners, making them a good family dog for dog-experienced households.

What class of animal does a Dogue de Bordeaux belong to?

Dogue de Bordeaux dog belongs to the Mammalia class of the Canidae family.

How many Dogues de Bordeaux are there in the world?

The exact count of Dogue de Bordeaux dogs is not known. Primarily they were hunting and war dogs. During the French revolution and the two World Wars, the French Mastiff population has drastically decreased and was on the verge of extinction. In the 1960s, French breeder Raymond Triquet and a group of diligent breeders revived and saved this breed. With the efforts of Triquet, the breed has been re-established across France and is even imported to several other countries.

Where does a Dogue de Bordeaux live?

Dogues De Bordeaux lives with humans in their houses. These dog breeds are territorial and loyal to loved ones of all ages. They are protective and affectionate and make an excellent companion dog.

What is a Dogue de Bordeaux's habitat?

The Dogue de Bordeaux lives comfortably adapt in a house or an apartment, and they don't have many environmental needs. The Dogue is usually inactive when in the house and prefers outdoor exercise like walking in a dog park, playing sports, running around a yard, or just laying in the sun to remain healthy and fit. A little care is essential as their thin coat doesn't protect them well from the cold and extreme heat climates. So limit the outdoor time when temperatures soar and in cold climates.

Who do Dogues de Bordeaux live with?

Dogue de Bordeaux dogs live with people in their houses. They behave like a family member and are very affectionate towards all age groups. These dog breeds enjoy being around people and are not aggressive towards humans. They don't always like sharing their home and tend to be aggressive towards other pets like cats or other dogs inside their home and would do best in a single-pet household. So the Dogue de Bordeaux puppies must be given early socialization training when they are still young and manageable.

How long does a Dogue de Bordeaux live?

Although larger dog breeds have a shorter lifespan, the Dogue de Bordeaux life expectancy is still shorter. According to the Dogue de Bordeaux Society of America and veterinary database in the UK, the Dogue de Bordeaux lifespan is usually 5-8 years. They have health problems that shorten the Dogue de Bordeaux life span. Providing proper veterinary care, regular exercise, and feeding them high-quality food can extend their life. Dogues who cross seven years or more are celebrated as the longer-lived dogs.

How do they reproduce?

Dogue de Bordeaux reproduce by sexual reproduction. According to UK Kennel Club data, 27.8% of Dogue litters were delivered by cesarean due to their large brachycephalic skulls. A Dogue might give birth to only one puppy in a pregnancy, but their average litter size is around eight puppies with an average life expectancy of 5-8 years.

Like other dogs, the gestation period is approximately 63 days but may vary. At three months, the French Mastiff dog's average weight is normally 40.1-47.3 lb. They take at least 1.5-2 years to fully mature and stop growing.

What is their conservation status?

The Dogue de Bordeaux conservation status is Least Concern. The Dogues are found in significant numbers across the world.

Dogue De Bordeaux Fun Facts

What do Dogues de Bordeaux look like?

Dogue De Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux dog breed is a well-balanced, stocky, and muscular guard dog. They have a soft coat with loose-fitting skin. Dogue de Bordeaux colors include various shades of fawn ranging from a rich shade of light to dark red fawn. They have loose skin with wrinkles on the face, a pinkish-red nose, a muscled neck, thick legs, and a deep chest with white patches.

The DDB is primarily known for its massive head with a circumference of 27-30 inches, drooping ears, and pendulous lips. These dogs were officially recognized breed by American Kennel Club (AKC) in 2008.

Though they have similar features to Bull Mastiff in their appearance, Dogues have a medium energy level. They are generally docile dogs, and their favorite pastimes are playing, walking, and laying around.

How cute are they?

Dogues are very cute looking with the undershot jaw, a soft coat with loose-folded in wrinkles around the face, head, neck areas, and oval-shaped expressive eyes. Their puppies, with proper temperament, are sweet and very adorable.

How do they communicate?

Like other dog breeds, Dogue de Bordeaux also communicates through barking and body language. They express their emotions like affection, excitement, and anger by wagging their tail, running around, licking faces, cuddling, moving ears or lying down quietly. They bark and make noises to communicate with other dogs.

How big is a Dogue de Bordeaux?

The DDB is a mighty mastiff-type guardian dog. As per the Dogue de Bordeaux weight chart, the male's height 23-27 inches (61-69 cm) at the shoulder and weighs a minimum of 110 pounds. Whereas a Female's height 22 to 26 inches (58-66 cm) at the shoulder, their weight is a minimum of 99 lb. Their huge head features a Bulldog-like undershot jaw, furrowed brow, and wide expressive eyes. Compared to different breeds in the Mastiff group, the Dogue de Bordeaux size and weight are considered smaller than other Mastiff dogs.

How fast can a Dogue de Bordeaux run?

The French Mastiff has the appearance of great power, with their stocky build, defined muscles, and broad chest. Despite their bulky look, Dogues are surprisingly fast with incredible speed over short distances and have a measure of grace in their stride. They do not make good running partners because they quickly run out of steam as their head tends to stretch down and forward as he goes faster and then needs to cool down.

How much does a Dogue de Bordeaux weigh?

The male French Mastiff tends to be slightly larger than the females and averagely weigh between 99-110 pounds.

What are their male and female names of the species?

There are no specific names for the male and female species of French Mastiff. Like other dogs, the male Dogue is known as a dog, and the female is known as a bitch.

What would you call a baby Dogue de Bordeaux?

The baby of Dogue de Bordeaux is called a 'Puppy.' In general, any dog breed takes the common name of puppy for their little one. Consider some of these coolest names for your Dogue if you want to pet one-Bella, Hooch, Thor, Bruiser, Lola, Marley, and Zoe.

What do they eat?

Dogue de Bordeaux are omnivores and have a strong prey drive. They will chase and kill smaller animals like cats, squirrels, rabbits, or other smaller dogs. Due to their massive size, these dogs can eat around 50 pounds of food each month. Their diet will vary depending on their age and any health problems. An adult French Mastiff requires on an average 4-7 cups of dry kibble diet every day. You'll need to feed them excellent quality, balanced dog food to keep them slim and healthy. The breed tends to suffer from food allergies. So, they will need good quality wheat-free food.

Are they slobbery?

Dogue de Bordeaux is slobbery and drools more than most other breeds. These dogs have loose jowls drape down from the muzzle and cannot retain the saliva they produce, which causes them to drool excessively.

Would they make a good pet?

These dogs are incredibly loyal, affectionate, protective, and are even-tempered. A well-trained Dogue would make a good pet, but due to Dogue de Bordeaux's size and dominant personality, they are not ideal for first-time dog owners as they can be challenging to handle and train. The Dogue de Bordeaux temperament makes them an excellent companion for many families. However, young kids should not be left alone with them and shouldn't take this powerful dog for walking until they are old enough to control them.

Did you know...

Below are some exciting and fun facts about the oldest French purebred Dogue de Bordeaux.

The breed name 'Dogue de Bordeaux' pronunciation phonetically is 'dohg duh bore-doe.' The French word 'Dogue', when translated into English, means 'Mastiff' and, therefore, Dogue de Bordeaux could be translated as 'Bordeaux Mastiff.'

They became a famous breed from the film 'Turner and Hooch' in which the Dogue played the lead role.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is well-known as French Mastiff, nicknamed DDB. They are a French breed, extremely loyal, and devoted to their owner.

Having your own Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux's personality tends to be good-mannered, loyal, devoted, and calm. If you plan to buy or have your own DDB, then make a note of these points.

Like any dog, a Dogue is likely to bark and make some noise when they become suspicious of strangers. The Dogue de Bordeaux bite force is as high as 556 PSI.

You can purchase a Dogue de Bordeaux from a breeder or a dedicated Mastiff rescues. The Dogue de Bordeaux price varies from $1,400 to $5,000 depending on pedigree from a reputable breeder. Since this breed has prone to extensive health problems, prefer a reputable breeder, or you can preferably get from a pet rescue, where they will charge an adoption fee of $300 to $500.

Caring for your Dogue de Bordeaux

The most important care that the Dogue de Bordeaux dog breeds needs is affection and adequate family time. They won't be happy dogs if left alone or outside for too long.

The Dogue de Bordeaux health problems include epilepsy, hip dysplasia, heart disease, infection in the facial folds, and cancer. One of the biggest health problems that the dog faces is bloating. Be sure to check the amount of food intake and avoid exercise an hour before and after eating. Too much exercise should be avoided for puppies, which may put pressure on growing bones. They need a few moderate walks a day along with play sessions to keep their health up. They require dedicated training and early socialization to be well-mannered companions.

They may also suffer from Ectropion, a condition in which the eyelid pulls away from the eye, and Brachycephalic Syndrome, which causes obstructed breathing due to their head's shape, muzzle, and throat. This syndrome is also seen in several dog breeds, such as the pugs and Boston Terriers.

The Dogue de Bordeaux drools a lot. So, take care of their face and make sure you keep it clean and dry. Ears should be checked for debris and nails trimmed about once a month. Regular brushing can help control loose hair as this breed's coat sheds round the year.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals including utonagan facts, or Beaglier facts.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our dogue de bordeaux coloring pages.

Dogue de Bordeaux Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Squirrels, birds, rodents, and cats or small dogs

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?


How Much Did They Weigh?

Male: 110 lb (50 kg) Female: 99 lb (45 kg)

What habitat Do they Live In?


Where Do They Live?


How Long Were They?


How Tall Were They?

Male: 24-27 in (61-69 cm) Female: 23-26 in (58-66 cm)







Scientific Name

Canis lupus

What Do They Look Like?

Dark red to light fawn

Skin Type

Fine, short, and soft coat

What Are Their Main Threats?


What is their Conservation Status?

Not Listed
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Written by Aashita Dhingra

Bachelors in Business Administration

Aashita Dhingra picture

Aashita DhingraBachelors in Business Administration

Based in Lucknow, India, Aashita is a skilled content creator with experience crafting study guides for high school-aged kids. Her education includes a degree in Business Administration from St. Mary's Convent Inter College, which she leverages to bring a unique perspective to her work. Aashita's passion for writing and education is evident in her ability to craft engaging content.

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