Fun Europasaurus Facts For Kids

Mellisa Nair
Oct 20, 2022 By Mellisa Nair
Originally Published on Sep 27, 2021
Edited by Monisha Kochhar
Fact-checked by Sonali Rawat
Discover interesting Europasaurus facts including details about its history, discovery, fossil remains, specimens, insular dwarfism, Europasaurus' length, long neck, feet, diet, closely related species, and Europasaurus' bones.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 5.5 Min

Europasaurus is the genus of Sauropod (quadrupedal herbivorous) dinosaurs that lived in Northern Germany, during the Late Jurassic period approximately 154 million years ago. The species was discovered in 1998 by Holger Lüdtke, a German fossil collector. He found a single tooth of the specimen in an active quarry at Langenberg Mountain, in Germany. This location is known for its exposed oriented nearly vertically and slightly overturned layers, adjacent to Harz mountains (of the Lower Cretaceous) and for being rich in fossils marine invertebrates, and rare land-living animals. Studies conducted of the fossils revealed that this dinosaur had a rare case of insular dwarfism. Some believed that the fossils simply belonged to a juvenile, however, more in-depth studies confirmed that Europasaurus was an adult island dwarf. Studies also revealed that its growth rate was relatively slower than other sauropods. Around 2006, the specimen was named as Europasaurus holgeri and placed under a new Sauropod taxon by Sander, Mateus, Laven and Knötschke. The given name, Europasaurus, translates to 'a reptile from Europe', and the specific name 'holgeri' honors Holger Lüdtke, its discoverer.

Learn about some other pre-historic creatures and dinosaurs from our Caudipteryx facts and Bruhathkayosaurus facts pages.

Europasaurus Interesting Facts

How do you pronounce 'Europasaurus'?

The word Europasaurus is pronounced as 'yoo-roh-pah-sore-us'. The species was described by Sander, Mateus, Laven, and Knötschke.

What type of dinosaur was a Europasaurus?

The scientific classification of this dinosaur is as follows - kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Chordata; class: Sauropsida; superorder: Dinosauria; suborder: Sauropodomorpha; family: Brachiosauridae; genus: Europasaurus. Originally, it was considered to be a member of the Macronarian group, but since that this taxon is not classified under the Brachiosauridae family, this theory was discarded. This was made easier to understand once it was clear that the insular dwarfism seen in this dinosaur was a result of evolution and not a characteristic specific to a group. This dinosaur is closely related to several Macronarians e.g. Titanosauriformes, the Camarasaurids, and the Laurasiformes.

In which geological period did the Europasaurus roam the earth?

This dinosaur lived during the Late Jurassic period, in Europe about 151 to 154 million years ago.

When did the Europasaurus become extinct?

These dinosaurs went extinct during the K-T mass extinction nearly 65 million years ago.

Where did a Europasaurus live?

Given that its fossils were discovered at the Langenberg locality in Germany, it is clear that this dinosaur lived in Europe.

What was a Europasaurus' habitat?

This dinosaur lived near regions that provided it with plenty of food resources and water such as forests, riversides, floodplains, and swamps. Several theories suggest that it also shared the same ecosystem as Nodocephalosaurus. Scientists believe that they inhabited the marine regions located between the Rhenisch, Bohemian, and London-Brabant Massifs, as remains belong to animals and plants from the same era were found from the neighboring islands. However, these dinosaurs were not marine or aquatic creatures their fossils were just washed ashore to a collection of island chains.

Who did a Europasaurus live with?

The social life and foraging behavior of this dinosaur is unknown.

How long did a Europasaurus live?

Despite its small size paleontologists have suggested that Europasaurus from the Superorder Dinosauria lived a long life.

How did they reproduce?

These dinosaurs reproduced via sexual reproduction just like other members of the Superorder Dinosauria. Males would deposit their sperm inside females, who would later lay fertilized eggs containing developing dinosaur embryos. They built nests by digging burrows in the soil and laid giant eggs which had a hard layered shell. All the eggs were usually amniotic, meaning the fetus was covered by a membrane which helped in its protection as well as supplying oxygen and other nutrients to the fetus.

Europasaurus Fun Facts

What did a Europasaurus look like?

This dinosaur had several distinguishable features that can be used to separate the species from other Sauropods such as Camarasaurus. The most important one being its evolutionary change in size, to adapt on small isolated islands, where resources are limited but competition is plenty. The Europasaurus, according to many experts are animals that evolved more than Camarasaurus, even so, its size is fairly similar to the Brachiosaurus. This small-sized body of this dinosaur makes its neck appear longer than its entire body, its had short legs, and broad feet, and its tail was moderately thick and long.

Fun facts about the specimens, remains, skull, long neck, habitat, diet, size of lizard-like dwarf dinosaurs called Europasaurus that lived during the Late Jurassic period.

How many bones did a Europasaurus have?

The recovered Europasaurus skeleton, from Langenberg Quarry, was almost complete with only a few fragments missing. Therefore, the total number of bones present in this dinosaur is unknown.

How did they communicate?

Communication among this dwarf species of dinosaur and other sauropods that roamed the Earth during the Late Jurassic period is still a mystery but many scientists over the past decades have come up with several theories that suggest possible ways these animals communicated, some put forth the theory of vocalizations and that these ferocious beasts engaged in dialogue by producing calls, hoots, cracking sounds, body movements, and symbolic love calls during the mating season.

How big was a Europasaurus?

Curious about a Europasaurus' size? Well, even though a Europasaurus' height is unknown, it grew up to 20.3 ft (6.2 m) in length.

How fast could a Europasaurus move?

The speed rate of this dinosaur is unknown. But, researchers speculate that despite its small size it was a slow-moving animal.

How much did a Europasaurus weigh?

Similar to smaller Sauropods this dinosaur weighed around 1,100 lb (500 kg)

What were the male and female names of the species?

Females are called saura, whereas males are called saurus.

What would you call a baby Europasaurus?

Young babies of this dinosaur can be referred to as hatchlings.

What did they eat?

These dinosaurs followed a herbivorous diet and fed on plants and fruits. They used their long necks to feed on leaves from tall trees.

How aggressive were they?

Just like many other herbivore dinosaurs that lived during the Late Jurassic period, this dinosaur was also peaceful and kept to itself, and avoided any unwanted fights.

Did you know...

Europasaurus is the smallest Marconian Sauropod discovered!

Why was the Europasaurus so small?

Various studies have shown that a dinosaur evolves to better adapt to its environment and increase its chance of survival. Similarly, the small size of this dinosaur has been listed as a case of insular dwarfism, which is a process of evolution where animals tend to grow smaller (dwarfism), to not exhaust themselves, or die of starvation in case the amount of food present in their isolated ecosystems is scarce. This also explains the evolution of other enormous Sauropods that lived during the Jurassic period as well as the Cretaceous period.

What formation was the Europasaurus from?

These quadrupedal herbivorous dinosaurs lived in the Upper Jurassic or Middle Kimmeridgian, which is now known as Northern Germany about 154 million years ago.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly dinosaur facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other creatures from our Segnosaurus facts, or Anchisaurus facts for kids.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable Europasaurus coloring pages.


Main image by Gerhard Boeggemann.

Second image by Nils Knötschke.

Europasaurus Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Plants, fruits

what Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?


What Did They Look Like?

Dwarf dinosaurs, lizard-like

How Much Did They Weigh?

1,100 lb (500 kg)

Skin Type

Bumpy scales

How Long Were They?

20.3 ft (6.2 m)

How Tall Were They?










Scientific Name

Europasaurus holgeri

What Were Their Main Threats?

Natural disasters, carnivorous dinosaurs

What Habitat Did They Live In?

Forest, riverside, isolated island

Where Did They Live?

Lower Saxony basin, Langenberg Quarry, Germany, Europe
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Written by Mellisa Nair

Bachelor of Arts specializing in Economics and English Literature

Mellisa Nair picture

Mellisa NairBachelor of Arts specializing in Economics and English Literature

Specializing in the creation of SEO-friendly content, Mellisa brings enthusiasm and expertise to our team. Her work in digital marketing and social media is complemented by her academic background in economics and English literature, as she holds a Bachelor's degree in these subjects from Wilson College Chowpatty, Mumbai. Mellisa's experience working with clients from various industries, including retail, education, and technology, reflects her ability to adapt her skills to different contexts and audiences.

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