Europe Facts: How Well Do You Know The Second Smallest Continent? | Kidadl


Europe Facts: How Well Do You Know The Second Smallest Continent?

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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

Europe is the second smallest continent has some of the largest countries like Ukraine, France, and many more.

Europe's population includes more than 748 million people. The boundaries of Europe include the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Mediterranean Sea in the south, and the Ural Mountains in the east.

The longest river in the European continent is the Volga River and the second longest is the Danube River. The most spoken languages in Europe are English, French, German, Spanish, and Russian, English is the most popular. Europe is home to many unique cultures, the most amazing natural sites, interesting history, extraordinary architecture, and the most mouth-watering cuisines. Below are some amazing facts about Europe which are sure to inform you about the European Union, the Middle Ages, and the Western civilization.

History Of Europe

The European continent covers almost 2% of the Earth's surface. The location of Europe is such, that it has suffered multiple wars, revolutions, and various other mutinies. After the First World War, where the European state namely Germany started having severe differences and arguments with other European countries like Great Britain, Belgium, France, and Russia and started to disrupt the global peace by being extremely violent and crossing all boundaries in using artilleries.

There had been gruesome killings among these states for military dominance and economic prosperity. Due to these intense violent war killings, various neighboring countries were severely affected and the global peace was disturbed. Germany invaded Belgium, France, and many other European countries which soon triggered other states as well and made them retaliate. Within two decades of the First World War, the Second World War ripped the continent apart. The Second World War was bloodier than the First World War. The death count in the Second World War was more than 60 million people including both soldiers and civilians.

After such dreadful times, the people of Europe finally came to realize that such destructive measures would lead them to nowhere and therefore they needed to find a peaceful solution. The European states were absolutely shattered and everyone's homes were torn apart. There was a clear solution that needed to be operated, 'Integration'. There was a serious need for cooperation among these states to prosper and be in peace. Since adopted, Europe has been an amazing country with extraordinary architecture, a country of love and romance, and most importantly, a peaceful union of countries devoted to economic prosperity.

European Culture

Europe is known for its unique and rich cultures. Its quite bountiful in architecture, music, literature, and philosophy. There are various cultures that are followed only in Europe and nowhere else in the world, which shows how it has become a loved country.

A fine tradition in Greece of throwing pots out of the windows and balconies are followed. It was originally a Venetian culture where people, during the New Year used to throw away their older possessions in order to make room for their newer possessions. This was adopted by the Greeks with the same belief but not during New Year but on Easter. With time, the possessions were changed to pots which made it easier and more light-hearted.

One of France's largest ports in the Mediterranean Sea which is called 'Marseille' is quite famous for its cultural hip hop music fest. Another very interesting culture that Europe celebrates is the 'Bathtub Regatta' in Belgium. It is a 0.6 mi (1 km) race down the River Meuse. Every year, the theme of the competition changes and it is free to watch and participate. Another unforgettable culture in Europe is practiced in Spain, known as the 'La Tomatina Festival'. It takes place in Buñol, on the last Wednesday of August. The culture is quite simple- a tomato fight among the people that envelops the entire town.

Facts about Europe include water bodies like the Volga River, Atlantic Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean.

European Economy

No facts about Europe would be complete with mentioning Europe's influence on the global economy.

Europe was one of the first places to develop and prosper in terms of economy. An important thing to note about Europe is its European Economic Community (ECC), which was formed in order to fulfill the purpose of bringing economic integration among the European states. Later on, it was renamed as 'Economic Community' (EC) and later replaced by the Economic Union (EU). The GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the European Union (EU) was more than €13.3 trillion when last calculated in the year 2020.

The European economy is quite modern in comparison with other major countries. It excels in mercantile agriculture, industrial growth and expansion, and delivering catered assistance. The credit for Europe's successful economy goes to its skilled labor force, abundant resources in the land, and its historic revolutions. Europe's economy boosted in the 17th century starting from England, where major improvements were made in the agricultural sector and the communication between other geographical states. European lands were very fertile which made fewer farmlands to be used for agriculture. Such abundant capitals with zero wastage and full utilization fueled the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. Various types of machinery, steam engines, and more equipment were introduced to improve economic businesses. Soon, the Industrial Revolution spread across the European countries, and improvements were made in various sectors such as railway constructions, factory productions, and much more. Not to forget that the tourism industry contributes to around 10.1% of the total EU GDP (as calculated in 2018).

The Industrial Revolution which helped in the economic prosperity of Europe also made it multinational. This brought in the rivalry between European states and other countries. The resourceful lands were also getting exhausted. Soon, governmental interventions were also made in which potential companies were not allowed to serve the market. In order to reduce such drastic downfall, the introduction of Economic Community (EC) was made which was later replaced by the Economic Union (EU). Later, the European market focused on manufacturing industries which attracted many foreign countries to join its ideas and services. The Economic Union was in-charge to look after the smooth functioning of these ideas and practices.

Best Countries To Visit in Europe

Europe is a blend of various luxurious experiences, countryside experiences, mountainous regions, valleys, historical architectures, preserved buildings, seas, delicious cuisines and so much more. Below are the locations that should definitely be visited, once in Europe.

Italy is filled with ancient museums, bustling cities, exemplary architecture, its most proud tomatoes, pizzas, and spaghetti, hence it is a must-visit.

Spain is another masterpiece of a place with mind-blowing mountain ranges, cliffs, churches, and beaches.

Austria has sparkling lakes, street styles, gorgeous gardens, a magnificent City Hall, and the stunning National History Museum.

France is deemed one of the most beautiful places in the world. It is a cultural, romantic place with activities like skiing down the French Alps. Also, a visit to Paris to visit the iconic Eiffel Tower is a must!

In Switzerland, you'll have the most luxurious experiences while visiting Lake Geneva, fishing, kayaking, and canoeing. You should not forget to visit Zurich, Geneva, and Bern where you'll find fine dining, amazing museums, and galleries.

In England, visit London, the capital of England, and various other towns like Warwick, Leeds, and the magnificent valleys of Lake District. It really doesn't take much time to fall in love with England, due to its amazing locations, welcoming people and beautiful weather.

Europe is filled with a package of unforgettable experiences. It's one of the most popular tourist destinations. Central Europe being the most social and culturally rich region is very populous. The European continent seems to provide magnificent locations, a wide range of cultural festivals, and finger-licking cuisines. While thinking of taking a world tour or just a relaxing time with your family, friends or even just by yourself, Europe is the perfect stop for you.


What are the good things about Europe?

Some of the most amazing experiences in Europe include road trips, snorkeling, cliff-jumping, hiking, exploring coasts, visiting beaches, skiing, paddle-boarding, indulging in various sweet and savory cuisines, checking out historical museums, road drives, island hopping and so much more.

Are there 51 countries in Europe?

According to the conventional definition, Europe is comprised of a total of 44 sovereign states.

Is Australia part of Europe?

No, Australia is not a part of Europe. It is a densely populated country of its own, being the only sovereign country that is also a continent.

Is the Blue Mosque in Europe?

The Blue Mosque is located in Istanbul, Turkey which lies partly in the continent of Asia and partly in Europe. The Blue Mosque is on the European side.

Which countries have left the EU?

The United Kingdom is the only country that has left the EU.

Why is Switzerland not in the EU?

The Swiss government signed a free trade with the European Economic Community but later rejected the European Economic Area (EEA) membership. It is associated with the European Union (EU) due to various agreements and treaties but is not a part of it.

Written By
Moumita Dutta

<p>A content writer and editor with a passion for sports, Moumita has honed her skills in producing compelling match reports and stories about sporting heroes. She holds a degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management, Calcutta University, alongside a postgraduate diploma in Sports Management.</p>

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