56 Facts About Flowers In The Tropical Rainforest You Cannot Miss | Kidadl

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56 Facts About Flowers In The Tropical Rainforest You Cannot Miss

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When it comes to Amazon rainforest cruises, many travelers embark on this adventurous experience to check out the tropical rainforest flowers present in the region.

Passion flowers are amongst the most common flower species that are present across tropical rainforests. While you are exploring the Amazon rainforest, taste the raw cacao to get a much-needed boost to keep you going on with the adventure.

Forests found around the equator are known as tropical rainforests. The space between rain and forest is optional, meaning both rainforest and rain forest are acceptable terms. Rainforests make up Earth’s largest life zones. There are three major regions of rainforests. First, the Malaysian sub-kingdom in southeast Asia covers Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Fiji. The second is the equatorial region on the African continent covering West and Central Africa. And third, is the famous Amazon rainforest covering the tropical parts of the continent of South America. Contrary to popular belief, not all rainforests are in places of high rainfall. This belief is because of the inclusion of rain in the name 'rainforest'. But in places like Australia, because of the dry climate, the precipitation level is low and hence, it's referred to as dry rainforests.

Tropical rainforests are the oldest type of vegetation on the planet. But like humans and animals, even plants evolve with the changes in their surroundings. So even though the rainforests are the oldest vegetation, they are geographically very modern compared to what they used to be years ago.

Read on to know more about the animal species and flower species that are found in the rainforests across the world.

The Different Types Of Plants In The Rainforest

The biodiversity of the tropical rainforests contains 40-100 types of trees that can be found in a 1 ha (2.5 acres) land area. Let's take a look at some interesting facts relating to the different types of plants in the rainforest:

  • In the Cocha Cashu Biological Station in Peru, almost 1,856 types of higher plants are found.
  • There are various plants and other flora that predominate rainforests. They include the Bromeliads, the Strangler fig in the Amazon rainforest, Mahogany and oil palms in the African rainforest, and Foambark trees in the Australian rainforest.
  • One of the most interesting plant species found in the rainforests is the Strangler Fig. It is a vine species that is known to kill the tree on which it grows. Though there are many epiphytes that do not harm the plants and trees on which they grow, the same does not hold true for strangler figs - hence the name!
  • Strangler figs vines kill the host plant on whose branches they grow! As the strangler fig grows, its roots enter the forest floor. Slowly, the stem of the strangler fig wraps around the host tree, resulting in the formation of a lattice-like structure.
  • Strangler figs have the capability to catch more sunlight compared to the host plant. Moreover, it starts to withdraw nutrients from the host which then eventually dies.
  • Despite this predatory behavior, the role of the strangler fig cannot be undermined. This plant species perform an extremely important role in the forest ecosystem as its fruit is consumed as food by many animals living in the rainforest.
  • Another important plant species or rather tree species that can be found in the rainforests of South America is the rubber tree. Without any doubt, the rubber tree is one of the most important plants for humans.
  • The economic value of this commercial tree cannot be overstated, as it helps in generating considerable revenue for the countries where it is harvested. This tree is a source of latex that has been used for several decades for the manufacturing of rubber.
  • The sap from the rubber tree is the primary ingredient used for preparing various types of rubber.
  • But you might wonder that if the rubber tree was endemic to the Amazon rainforest, then how is this plant also found in certain regions of southeast Asia. There are reports that when the world was experiencing the rubber boom, some traders illegally smuggled the seeds of the rubber tree from South America into southeast Asia. As this particular region on the Asian continent experiences an almost similar climate as the Amazon rainforest, the rubber tree was successfully propagated there as well.
  • If we're talking about rainforest plants and flowers, then in addition to discussing one of the most valuable plants it's also essential to talk about one of the most delicious plants in the world. If you're one of the millions, or rather billions, of chocolate lovers in the world, then you will certainly be more interested in learning about the raw cacao plant. This plant is one of the major highlights of any trip leading into the Amazon rainforest.
  • The cacao plant is widely regarded as a superfood not only because of its taste but also because of the nutrition that it provides to an individual, particularly when hiking around the Amazon forest. The size and color of the raw cacao fruit might vary according to the development stage it's in. When the fruit is in its young developmental stage, the color is an off-green but as the pod matures and nears the time for harvesting, the color turns into a reddish-brown hue.
  • Well, now that you have read about the cacao plant, it is time to move on to another equally if not important plant endemic to rainforests; coffee plants. This is another popular plant that is found in the rainforests of South America and has great commercial importance for the economy of the region.
  • The berries of coffee plants are processed to be used for preparing a beverage that people drink all over the world.
  • These plants grow well in rainforests as they require protection from direct sunlight, which is readily available in the shade of rainforests. While the brilliant red-colored berries might not resemble the coffee beans we're familiar with, it's when pop open the cherries that you'll find the coffee beans safely nestled there.

 

Some Of The Strangest Types Of Rainforest Plants

If there’s anything you can be sure of, it's that rainforests are full of strange and fascinating flora and fauna. Let's take a look at some interesting facts related to some of the strangest rainforest plants.

  • One look at an enormous Rafflesia plant and you can tell that it's a little strange! This flower is the inspiration behind the Pokemon Vileplume, and it lets out a stench that attracts swarms of beetles to it.
  • Amorphophallus Titanum is known for its more cute nickname 'corpse flower'. The plant's name was given because this flower smells like rotten meat. That’s not the only strange thing about it though. It also looks strange. There’s a tower-like structure coming out from among the flowers. At first sight, one might think of it as an extra-terrestrial element.
  • The Amazon rainforest is the home to raw cacao plants, which is where chocolate comes from. This in itself is a little odd if you've never thought about where chocolate is sourced. This plant is about 25 ft (7.6 m) and grows between 30-60 beans. When harvested they turn reddish brown.
  • Passion flower is another strange flower that grows in the Amazon rainforest. This flower counts as strange because it actually looks as if it's plastic. This is because of its purple and white color combination. Its fruit is called passion fruit and can treat coughs.

 

Rare Types Of Rainforest Flowers

Not everything in rainforests is common. These forests are treasure troves of nature and are home to some of the rarest flower species on the planet. Here are some fascinating facts regarding the rarest rainforest flowers that you will certainly enjoy:

  • Other than strange flowers, there are certain plants and flowers that are endangered today. And the majority of them are found in the Amazon rainforest. Even though rainforests can be found in various parts of the globe, when rainforest is the topic of discussion, people usually immediately think about the Amazon rainforest.
  • This is because the Amazon rainforest is so vast and dense that its entire area is difficult to cover to date. It is prone to heavy rainfall and high humidity. Unlike African or Australian rainforests, the Amazon is home to many species that are still unknown to the world.

 

Some of the rare plants that are only found in Amazon rainforests are:

  • Victoria Amazonica or the giant water lily is a one of its kind type of flower. This flower is well known for its huge leaves that are so strong they hold a fully grown man and still not move. They grow in water.
  • Orchids are one of the most endangered flowers in the Amazon rainforests. Many of its species are extinct already. These flowers have a variety of colors, and they can bloom larger than a human hand.
  • One of the most expensive plants is the rubber tree. There are studies done to show that this plant was limited to the Amazon rainforest in the beginning. Later, this plant was smuggled outside the borders of the rainforest and eventually, plantations took place everywhere. They were most successful in areas with similar climates to the Amazon rainforest.
Passion flower is amongst the most beautiful flowers found in the Amazon rainforest.

Common Rainforest Flowers

There's no denying that rainforests have the best ecosystems that can't be replicated anywhere else around the world. Here are some other interesting facts:

  • Every rainforest is unique from another. The flora and fauna are different. The areas and the soil are different and their flower blooming times are different.
  • Flowers like Heliconia, Hanging Lobster Claw, Orchid, Giant Water Lilies usually bloom from January to June.
  • Epiphytes are the plants that live on other plants. They don’t have roots and also can grow on other epiphytes.
  • Rattan Palm is generally found in Australian rainforests. They are long vines and support themselves by wrapping the vines around other trees.
  • Walking Palm is found in Amazon rainforests and they have stilt roots that look as if the trees are walking, hence the name.
  • Bamboos grow in Malaysian rainforests and they are good for making paper, furniture, and musical instruments.
  • Silky Oak is found in the Australian rainforest and is not related to normal oak trees. They are, however, just as useful for carpentry.
  • Various rainforest trees foster tall stems, using food held in the seed without depending on daylight, which is generally faint, to meet their energy prerequisites. Since huge seeds can't be scattered by the breeze, these plants rely on an assortment of creatures to fill this role and have advanced many variations to urge them to do this.
  • Rainforests are home to wildlife as well. There are a variety of herbivores that rely on the rainforest vegetation to survive.
  • Reptiles like green iguanas can be seen in the Amazon rainforests, and they survive on leaves, flowers, and fruits.
  • The Amazon-river turtle also consumes fruits and flowers that fell from the trees. It also eats insects.
  • Birds such as macaws and toucans rely on seeds and flowers the most for their diet.
  • The Congo Peafowl, which is exclusive to the African rainforest, relies on fruits and flowers too for their sustenance.

The Importance Of Conserving And Protecting Rainforests

Deforestation is the problem on a global scale now. It will be difficult for humans to survive if there are no trees left. There is a need to teach everybody about the worldwide impact of deforestation and why the environment is essential for survival. Let's take a look at some important facts relating to conservation:

  • What we have destroyed as humans over the years will take centuries to recover. People need to opt for an environment-friendly lifestyle. They need to learn from the indigenous tribes living in the rainforest areas about sustainable ways of living alongside the environment to help with regeneration.
  • The tribes in the Amazon rainforest have settled in villages and grown their own food. They also survive by hunting and fishing.
  • A few tribes are nomadic and live deeper inside the forests and rely completely on hunting.
  • In Brazil, these tribes do not possess land ownership rights. In comparison, in Peru they secured their titles decades ago.
  • Many such groups are a key factor in conserving the rainforest ecosystem. They believe in balance, so do not overexploit the resources of the rainforest. It is the profit-driven market that thinks of money first and everything else later that is causing deforestation on a large scale.
  • Rainforests are a dark and diverse world on their own. They are full of colors, smells, and life. They are home to flora, fauna, and even humans!
  • Rainforests are so important for everybody and simply saving them from being cut isn’t the solution. Barely 6% of the world’s total forest areas are protected. But this isn’t enough. Some flora and fauna are endangered while some have already gone extinct. It's about time that humanity works together to ensure the world can come out of this situation and live healthily.
  • Rubber trees are tropical rainforest plants just like a monkey brush vine, a pitcher plant, and a passion fruit flower.
  • The heliconia flower also sprouts in the tropical rainforest plants on heliconia plants in the Amazon rainforest, which is located in South America.
  • There are many tropical rainforest plants scientists research about. These tropical rainforest plants have a certain set of requirements to be able to fully grow.
  • There are many rainforest plants found in South Asia, as South Asia has many tropical rainforests. They have giant trees such as the Kapok trees.
  • Rubber trees, Kapok tree, monkey brush vine, passion fruit flower, the coffee plant famous for its coffee beans, and heliconia flower are just a few of the most common rainforest plants in the Amazon rainforest.
  • With an estimated 390 billion individual trees separated into 16,000 plant species, the Amazon represents over half of the world's remaining rainforests and is the world's largest and most biodiverse tropical rainforest.
  • There are many flowering plants, such as the giant water lily on the forest floor. The most species-rich biome is wet tropical forests, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more plant species-rich than wet tropical forests in Africa and Asia.
  • These tropical regions have a huge variety of species. The tropical region and the forest floor of the Amazon rainforest are known for including passion flower, orchid flower, pitcher plant, cacao plant, vanilla orchid, plant life, amongst its rich biodiversity.
  • The inner bark of specific trees in tropical forests is known for its gum.
  • The south Asian rainforests are known for pink flowers. There are many colorful flowers in their rainforests such as a vanilla orchid.
  • Asian rainforests have shallow soil which helps them grow more variety of plants. Rubber trees here are known for their natural rubber. They have giant trees such as the Kapok trees.
  • The vanilla orchid is the favorite flower of Queen Victoria.
Written By
Kidadl Team

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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