56 Facts About New Mexico: Know About 'Land Of Enchantment' | Kidadl


56 Facts About New Mexico: Know About 'Land Of Enchantment'

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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

New Mexico is a famous tourist destination, as it's packed with adventure.

New Mexico is in the mountain state of the United States. It 's situated in the Southwestern region.

The state of New Mexico shares its four corners with Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and the region of the western United States. New Mexico has Texas to its East, Oklahoma to its southeast, and Sonora to its south. It is the 36th most populated state, with Santa Fe as its capital. It is the fifth largest state and covers a total area of approximately 121,591 sq mi (314,918 sq km). New Mexico has a unique topography that comprises scanty desert to forested mountains. 

Historical Facts

New Mexico has a rich history and from the archeological evidence, it has been documented that human settlement in New Mexico is as old as 9200 BCE. However, this state has been subjected to colonization and warfare before it became an official state. More historical facts about this state are discussed below.

The earliest inhabitant of New Mexico from the northern regions via the Bering land bridge.

The ancestry of New Mexico can be traced back almost 11,000 years during the existence of the Clovis culture.

The Anasazi or Ancestral Puebloans later inhabited this area after the discovery of agriculture.

The Pueblo people evolved from the Ancestral Puebloans.

The Pueblo people of this region mostly settled near the five rivers, including the Pecos, Rio Grande, San Juan, Gila, and Canadian.

The Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado traveled to New Mexico in the 16th century.

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado was on a quest to find the Seven Golden cities of Cibola.

As the Spanish settlers were occupying the land, thus this led to several conflicts between the Native American and Spanish colonizers.

Mexico became independent of Spain in 1821 and at that time New Mexico was a part of the Mexico region.

The Mexican-American war took place in 1846.

Geography & Climate

The landscape of New Mexico is diverse thus the climate also differs. As it is the fifth largest state in the United States, the climate of New Mexico is as diverse as its geography. It experiences some of the highest temperature ranges. More about the geography and climate of New Mexico is described below.

The capital of New Mexico which is Sante Fe, is situated at 7000 ft (2133.6 m) above sea level and thus it's considered as the highest capital.

The approximate elevation of this state to the north ranges between 5000-8000 ft (1500-2500 m) above sea level and to the southeast it is less than 4000 ft (1259 m).

There is an international border between Mexico and New Mexico.

New Mexico is further divided into three regions, which are the Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the Basin region.

New Mexico has the largest dune that is composed of the mineral gypsum.

The climate of New Mexico is primarily semi-arid or arid.

New Mexico receives abundant sunshine, and light precipitation. It experiences low humidity and a comparatively large diurnal and annual temperature range.

The mean annual temperature of New Mexico ranges somewhere between 64°-40° F (17.7°-4.4° C) or perhaps lower in the elevated mountains.

The warmest month in New Mexico is July, while the coldest month is January.

The lowest temperature that was ever recorded was -50° F (-45.5° C) in February 1951.

Food, Language, Culture & Religion

New Mexico is a state that has an amalgamation of different food, culture, language, and literature. From the history of New Mexico, it's evident how each culture and civilization has some impact on the current cultural scenario of the state. Thus, some of the unique aspects are stated below.

Bizcochito was acknowledged as the official state cookie of New Mexico in 1889.

The staples of New Mexico are chicken and beef enchilada, Chiles Rellenos, tamales, and more.

The primary languages that are widely used in New Mexico are English, Navajo, and Spanish.

63.96% of the population speaks English in New Mexico.

New Mexico has the maximum number of Ph.D. per capita.

The culture of New Mexico displays a large American, Spanish, indigenous, and Hispanic influence.

The population of Native Americans in this state in 2010 was almost 200,000.

The Western New Mexico University Museum and Deming Luna Mimbres Museum are some of the important cultural centers.

Santa Fe consists of an extensive artistic community.

The majority of the residents in New Mexico identify as Roman Catholic.

Economy Of New Mexico

New Mexico, when compared to the other states of the United States, is considered to have a low economy. New Mexico depends on the export of raw materials largely and is mostly put through to shifting demands. Some of the facts about the economy of this state are as follows:

Half the income of the state is derived from its natural resources such as natural gas and oil.

The town of Gallup is the trading center of more than 20 varied Indian groups.

New Mexico ranks amongst the lowest per capita income.

Some crucial agricultural products of New Mexico are chili peppers, hay, onions, sorghum, and wheat.

Tourism is a prominent source of the economy of Mexico, as it is considered the 'Land of Enchantment'.

Other Miscellaneous Facts

Besides the historic, geographic, cultural, and economic facts, here are some miscellaneous facts about New Mexico.

The atomic bomb that was detonated in New Mexico, was a few weeks later dropped in Nagasaki of Japan, during World War II.

The state poem of New Mexico is Nuevo Mexico.

Some of the famous personalities of New Mexico are Ralph Bunche, the winner Nobel Peace Prize, Glen Campbell the singer, actress Demi Moore, Army Scout Kit Carson, Blues guitarist Bo Diddley and more.

As one-third of families in New Mexico speak Spanish, the constitution of the state has declared it a bilingual state.

Robert Goddard, popularly known as the father of modern rocketry, arrived in New Mexico to examine rocket-ship prototypes in 1930.

Once miners unearthed pure silver veins at the Lake valley that could be chopped off in blocks.

Some of the New Mexican who speak Spanish are considered a descendant of the Spanish settlers of the pre-18th century.

Albuquerque in New Mexico is referred to as the hot-air balloon capital as it has more than 300 balloons and also hosts the largest hot-air balloon festival every year.

New Mexico was incorporated into the Union on January 6, 1912.

The Tia Sophia of Santa Fe claims to have invented the breakfast burrito in 1975.

New Mexico is extremely diversified state in the US.

Did You Know?

You may know a lot about New Mexico but, did you know these amazing facts about it?

Not only is Santa Fe the oldest city in New Mexico, but also the United States’ oldest capital was founded in 1610.

The first detonation of a nuclear weapon occurred in the Jornada del Muerto desert on July 16, 1945. This desert is situated almost 35 mi from Socorro in New Mexico.

From the top of the Capulin volcano, you can see five different states.

The Santa Fe trail has an extinct volcano that once served as a landscape marker.

The largest fire in the history of New Mexico broke out in the Bandelier National Monument of National Park Service on May 4, 2000.

The Carlsbad Caverns have more than 119 caves to explore.

The territorial Governor Lew Wallace wrote and published his historical novel in 1880 called Ben-Hur. Later in 1959, this novel was adapted into a film.

One out of four people in New Mexico works for the Federal Government.

New Mexico was once the uranium capital of the world.

The Governor's palace in Santa Fe is deemed the oldest government colonial building in the US.


Q: Is it illegal to dance with a sombrero in New Mexico?

A: Yes, it is illegal to dance with a sombrero in New Mexico.

Q: What is New Mexico famous for?

A: New Mexico is famous for numerous reasons, be it its history, culture, or food. However, some of the important aspects of New Mexico are the Carlsbad Caverns National Park, White Sand National Park, Rio Grande, its cowboy culture, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and more.

Q: What is New Mexico named after?

A: New Mexico is derived from the Spanish name that is assigned to the upper Rio Grande River in Nuevo Mexico. Primarily, Mexico is an Aztec spelling that refers to the place of Mexitli who was an Aztec God.

Q: Does New Mexico get snow?

A: Yes, New Mexico gets snowfall.

Q: What is New Mexico's food?

A: Some of the famous food of New Mexico are Sopapillas, Green chili stew, Crane Seca, calabacitas, enchilada montada, breakfast burrito, frijoles, and more.

Q: Is New Mexico food spicy?

A: New Mexican food is very flavorful and sometimes considered spicy.

Q: What is New Mexico's state question?

A: ‘Red or Green’ is the state question of New Mexico.

Q: Why is Red River New Mexico called Red River?

A: Due to the presence of a huge quantity of red soil in the flood period is the reason why it is referred to as Red River.

Q: Is New Mexico a desert?

A: New Mexico is primarily depicted as an arid dessert.

Q: What is New Mexico's tree?

A: The official state tree of New Mexico is the Pinyon Pine tree.

Q: What dogs are illegal in New Mexico?

A: Pitbulls, German shepherds, and Rottweilers as considered dangerous dogs and are illegal in New Mexico.

Written By
Kidadl Team

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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