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Mountains are the greatest geographical formations to see and they are as beautiful as they look.
Many beautiful mountains can be seen today and the views are breathtaking. Mountains also become an adventurous trip or sporting activity for many people.
Mountains are the most amazing things to witness. The snowy tops of mountains can give someone immense pleasure. There have been many famous mountains which are a great wonder to see. Most people must have heard about Mount Everest which is the highest peak and is the mountain with the highest altitude on earth. There are many other famous tall mountains such as Mount Chimborazo's and Mauna Kea.
The tallest mountain on the earth is situated at 3965.8 mi (6,382.3 km) from the earth's center and is generally located on the Eurasian and Indian plates that are India, Nepal, China, and Pakistan. Today, there are at least 108 mountains on earth with an elevation of 23,622 ft (7200 m).
The most amazing fact about Mount Everest is that the height of Mount Everest keeps on rising every century. There is a geographical reason behind it. The first man to climb Mount Everest is Tenzing Norgay in 1953. Today, there have been as many as 5000 people who have reached the top of Mount Everest. Most people have to carry oxygen cylinders to reach the top because of the altitude, however Sherpas are known to climb Mount Everest without oxygen.
There are many interesting facts about Mount Everest. Most people known about Mount Everest because it is the tallest mountain in the world.
This mountain is about 60 million years old and it was first climbed in 1953. Mount Everest peaks are about 5.5 mi (8.85 km) above sea level. However, Mount Everest is only the tallest mountain when it is measured a certain way. Mount Everest is called the highest mountain when the measurement is taken above sea level. Mauna Kea in Hawaii is actually higher than Mount Everest when measured from the base. However, Mauna Kea is smaller than Mount Everest above sea level.
There have been a lot of synonyms for Mount Everest which are used by different people around the world. Some are Sagarmatha or Chomolungma. Sagarmatha means 'God of the sky'. Mount Everest is even called George Everest.
Climbing Mount Everest is not easy because it has the highest altitude on earth. However, it something lots of people want to do. It can cost up to $30,000 to climb Mount Everest. It is so expensive because of the break camps and oxygen requirements.
The South Base Camp is in Nepal and Khumjung, Nepal is a tourist attraction.
The North Base Camp is in China. The altitude of the camp and the summit in Nepal is taller than that in China. With the high altitude the greatest challenge for climbers, an expedition team can explore the highest mountain in the world if they take extra oxygen with them.
People mistake that this mountain is in the earth's center. This is due to the mountain having the highest altitude, especially in Nepal. Since the first attempt at climbing one of the highest mountains in the world and reaching the summit, there have been 304 deaths.
Mountains are all about their geographical locations, there are many geographical facts related to Mount Everest. Mount Everest is 29,035 ft (8,849.86 m) above sea level. It is known as the highest mountain on earth.
This mountain is more than 60 million years old. It mainly consists of different types of shale, limestone, and marble. The rocky peak is covered with thick snow all year round.
There are many animals found near Mount Everest. Sagarmatha National Park supports a variety of mammals in the lower part of the Himalayas such as snow leopards, musk deer, red pandas, and more than 150 birds species. However, no wildlife is found above 20,000 ft (6096 m) because of the snow.
Jumping spiders are the only animals who are permanent residents of Mount Everest.
Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano in Hawaii on an island and its peak is nearly about 13,803 ft (4207.15 m) above sea level. This peak height means that Mauna Kea is in second in the line for the title of the highest peaks on earth, and it is the highest point in Hawaii. It has a dry prominence of 30,610 ft (9,330 m) and it is taller than Mount Everest, when measured base to peak.
This mountain's base is about 32,696 ft (9965.7 m) deep in the ocean so it is very difficult to accurately measure from base to peak. If a person compared the world's tallest mountain Mount Everest with Mauna Kea based on the height from its base under the ocean to the peak, then Mauna Kea is taller than Mount Everest. It has a height of over 32808 ft (10,000 m) whereas Mount Everest has a height of 29,031.7 ft (8848.86 m) from base to peak.
Olympus Mons is the largest and highest mountain in the universe, found on Mars. It has a height of over 72,000 ft (21945.6 m) and it is two and a half times the height of Mount Everest.
There are many climbing facts about Mount Everest. Since climbing this mountain requires a lot of oxygen cylinders, there have been many cases of people stealing oxygen cylinders from one another.
Even human frozen excreta can be found along the climb up Mount Everest.
While climbing Mount Everest, many people get confused about the Himalayas and Mount Everest. The Himalayas is the highest mountain range, and Mount Everest is the highest Himalayan mountain in the world. Many of the great mountains are located in the Himalayas.
A summit is a point in the surface that is higher than elevation. Acme, apex, and peak are some topographic terms and the highest point or summit in the world is Mount Everest with a height of 29,035 ft (8849.86 m).
Scientists have found that being above 19,000 ft (5791.2 m) is not normal for a human body. As mountaineers climb higher up the mountain and their oxygen supply decreases, their bodies are increasingly exposed to a range of diseases, including pulmonary edema, brain edema, and blood embolisms.
Everest attracts hundreds of climbers from all over the globe to its slopes every year. Despite it being one of the highest mountains in the world, the world has a location that is deeper than Mount Everest' height. This is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.
Ever wondered about the climatic conditions of a mountain that is so high up in the sky? You would be extremely cold. However, what about the exact climatic conditions of the mountain area?
Climbers can take two months to travel to the mountain top just because of the changing harsh weather.
The hottest average daytime temperature (in July) is only about -2 F (-18.8 C) at the top. In January, the coldest month, peak temperatures average -33 F (-36 C) and can drop to -76 F (-60 C). Thunderstorms can develop suddenly and temperatures can drop unexpectedly. The risk of frostbite for Everest climbers is extremely high. The cold weather keeps changing, worsening from time to time.
The average temperature in January is -34.6 F (-37 C) and the warmest temperature is 3.2 F (-16 C) and the highest wind flow is 177.1 mph (285 kph). In 2004, the highest temperature recorded in December was -40 F (-40 C) and the mountain was 134.6 F (57 C) colder than sea level.
Mount Everest is made out of multiple layers of rocks that are folded back. Higher elevation areas consist of marine origin rocks and lower elevation areas consist of igneous granite and metamorphic schisms.
Though Everest has the highest peak on earth, how far Mount Everest is from space has yet to be calculated.
As Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, it is obvious that the climate and temperature are not favorable for many people.
The peak of the mountain is uninhabitable, but there are some rare animals. Sagarmatha National Park, which is one of the Everest regions, is a hub for many rare and endangered wildlife species. In the Mount Everest region, these rare animals can be found, such as the Himalayan tahr, red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, wild yak, Himalayan pika, black bear, mountain weasel, and yellow-throated marten. Some birds are also found flying around Mount Everest such as Tibetan side snow cocks, Himalayan monals, and blood peasants.
In 2004, Everest had a temperature of -43.6 F (-42 C), which is considered the coldest temperature to have ever been recorded on Mount Everest. On average the highest mountain in the world has 103 F (39.4 C), which is colder than at sea level. On a summer sunny day, Everest ranges around 26.6 F (-3 C). The winter temperature on the top of the Mountain is around -32.8 F (-36 C).
There has even been a movie called 'Everest' which is a true story and half of the movie was filmed on Mount Everest itself.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for about the tallest mountain then why not find out what the tallest mountain from base to peak is, and what the tallest mountain in Canada is.
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