Farm animals are bred for a purpose, like most other domestic animals.
They include sheep, pigs, goats, horses, donkeys, mules, buffalo, oxen, llamas, and perhaps even camels. They are often fed corn, wheat, and soy and are primarily fed by grazing.
They are raised on farms and provide us with a wide range of products and various different services. Hens give us eggs, cows and goats give us milk and dairy products, pigs are kept to produce pork and bacon, sheep produce wool used in making winter clothing and horses are used as working animals and for sports and leisure activities like horse riding and polo.
Besides providing us with food, raw materials, and several more provisions, farm animals can also make lovable pets. Let's dive into some fun facts and learn some more about them!
If you enjoyed this article, why not also read some draft horse facts and learn all about the biggest beatles here on Kidadl?
What are farm animals?
A farm animal is basically an animal that is raised on a farm. They are primarily kept for agricultural purposes, for consumption, and to generate income.
These domesticated creatures are vital in the production of meat, milk, and eggs. More often than not, they are kept in a fenced or confined environment. They can thrive in this environment, provided it is conducive, and they are given plenty of food and water.
These farm dwellers co-exist peacefully, often sharing their homes with other animals of their own species as well as other species. Generally, a horse lives in a stable, sheep in a fold, a cow in a shed, a pig in a sty, and hens in a coop.
Also referred to as livestock, they live close to humans in their homes, unlike wild animals like elephants, tigers, and lions which tend to live in forests and jungles.
What animals are found on a farm?
Farmers raise different farm animals that serve diverse purposes. These animals provide us with food and other raw materials.
Common farm animals include cattle, pigs, poultry, horses, donkeys, sheep, goats, llamas, and many others. The raising of cattle is called livestock farming, and it has been one of the primary activities people have been engaged in for many years.
What are the characteristics of farm animals?
Farm animals have many unique traits and characteristics. Let's read about what makes these domesticated creatures so interesting.
Cows give us dairy products and meat. They are intelligent and highly sociable creatures. They have one single big stomach with four distinct compartments, each carrying out a distinct function. Cattle are also referred to as ruminants, which are cud-chewing mammals.
They are called bovines since their taxonomical sub-family is the Bovinae group. Cows are considered to be sacred in some cultures and are seen as holy symbols of life and prosperity by some.
Sheep help us with the production of wool. They are intelligent animals. They form strong bonds with one another, are able to distinguish between different emotional expressions, and can even recognize human faces. They often use plants to prevent and treat diseases and teach their young to do the same. A newly born lamb can stand and walk immediately after birth!
Horses have excellent cognitive abilities and can understand our words and emotions. Their hooves are made of the same protein which is found in human hair and fingernails. They have the largest eyes amongst all land animals and they produce a large quantity of saliva. They are capable of sleeping both lying down and standing up.
Chickens have a great memory and can distinguish between more than 100 faces! They tend to form complex social structures called 'pecking orders'. Every one of them knows their place on the social ladder. Chickens also dream just like we do! Mother hens teach calls to their chicks even before they hatch.
A goat is a curious, playful, and friendly animal. It belongs to the sub-family Caprinae and it is a highly agile animal. All domestic breeds of goats are descendants of wild mountain goats, which makes them excellent climbers with an outstanding balance. The sound that a goat makes while communicating is called bleating. These sounds help goats in identifying individuals and recognizing emotional states.
What is the smartest farm animal?
The smartest farm animals are pigs, you heard it right!
Pigs or swine are considered the smartest of all farm animals. They can learn faster than even our canine friends, dogs, and are as intelligent as an average three-year-old human!
Here at Kidadl, we have created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our article all about farm animals then why not take a look at our guide to the hinny vs the mule or the Doberman vs the German Shepherd!
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