The resilience of these wild animals is so strong that they know how to protect themselves and who is their rival or predator, which further gives them an enclosed wide circle of survival.
Our ecosystem has diverse flora and fauna that are so well balanced if left alone or not disturbed by any other human activity. Their land is as precious and valuable to them as your home is to you.
Every creature on Earth has their own way to survive in this world. Some live on land, while others live in the water. Few animal species have such a flexible ability that they can survive on both land and water. The ecosystems of animals and primates have evolved over a period of time, and they have adapted themselves according to evolutionary wildlife changes. It is no doubt that they live a harsh life in the wild, which has even made many of the animals categorized as Endangered species.
Have you ever thought of the factors that have made their lives difficult and hard to survive? Yes, humans too have played a major contribution to making them be categorized as Endangered species. For their own benefit, humans hunt wild animals such as for food and their skin, and we even cut down trees on a large scale. This affects the populations of these animals because we reduce and destroy their habitat and cause a scarcity of food availability. It is not limited to this, but even many predators in the wild are also affecting the living areas where animals are found, along with their related activities.
If you really enjoyed reading this article about forest animals, then do read some related articles such as those about animals that live in the jungle and animals in the taiga.
Animals That Live In The Deciduous Forest
The animals that live in the forest habitat of the deciduous biome are bears, otters, foxes, elephants, monkeys, tigers, giraffes, and deers. The list varies from animal to animal and the place in which they are living or found, such as tropical and subtropical forests.
Unlike humans, wild animals live in different types of forest depending on the climatic conditions and availability of food. For example, you will find primates such as orangutans and monkeys living mostly in trees, along with other flying animals and even squirrels.
The trees in these forests are mostly broad-leaf with a flat leaf surface. The trees shed their leaves in the dry season and regrow in the monsoon and spring seasons. Common trees such as oak, beech, maple, and elm are found in this forest. In subtropical deciduous forests, trees such as teak, palm, and bamboo are found, including flowers, herbs, shrubs, and ferns. In tropical regions, these forest vines known as lianas and other flowers called orchids are found.
The primary consumers of these forests are herbivorous animals such as squirrels, insects, spiders, gorillas, and birds, and the secondary consumers are animals such as snakes, frogs, tigers, and foxes, etc. The primary consumers of the forest feed on plants, whereas, the secondary animals feed on the primary consumers.
Animals That Live In The Coniferous Forest
The list of forest animals that live in coniferous forests includes the red fox, grizzly bear, moose, snowshoe hare, great horned owl, crossbill, and mammals such as rodents and deer, along with small insects and spiders.
Coniferous forests are those forest regions that have longer winters and shorter summers. The trees that are found in this forest are hemlocks, pines, blue spruce, cypress, and fir along with redwoods. These trees have long, evergreen, cone-shaped leaves and have a long life of almost a thousand years.
Most forest animals in these forests are herbivorous and often migrate during extreme winters. Most of these animals survive the brutal winters by migrating or hibernating. For example, bears living in the coniferous forest go into hibernation during the winter season. Though the plants and trees of these forests are small, they are sufficient to feed and protect herbivorous animals from the harsh conditions of the climate.
The red fox found in these forests is not diurnal and hunts for small mammals at night. These forest animals become flexible according to the situation and the availability of food. They are known to be intelligent animals in the world. The red fox even feeds on the fruits and vegetables found in the wildlife around them.
Animals That Live In The Temperate Forest
The list of animals found in the temperate forest includes mountain lions, squirrels, rabbits, and many different species of birds. The squirrel is known to feed on nuts from different trees, along with turkeys.
Temperate forests are those forests that have moderate climate conditions, meaning they are neither too hot nor too cold in the region of forests. Throughout the year, the seasons change, and plants grow and shed their leaves accordingly. The forest is basically located between the taiga and the rainforest habitats.
The animals living in this forest live with great variability. For example, some animals migrate during the winter season, while few remain active. Many are known to hibernate, while some die as they are preyed upon by some ferocious animals such as mountain lions and hawks. Deer and squirrels are well known among the list of herbivorous animals.
Most animals like to live in temperate forests due to the large variety of food available and suitable climatic conditions, along with low-lying vegetation such as herbs and shrubs to long umbrella-shaped trees that form high canopies. Trees such as maple, oak, birch, fir, ash, and prunus are found in the forest. The forest floor plants include shrubs, ferns, mosses, mushrooms, lichens, and magnolias.
Animals That Live On The Forest Floor
The majority of decomposers, which include slugs, termites, worms, scorpions, and other small insects, live on the forest floor. Apart from that, mammals that live on the forest floor are species of gorilla and white elephant that are commonly found roaming the forest floor in Africa.
African elephants are well known to be the largest animals on land, and gorillas are also found on the continent and are well recognized for their sedentary position. Rhinoceros, okapi, bongo, forest deer, and tapir (South America) are all mammals that live on the forest floor. Snakes and turtles, called reptiles of the Earth, also cover most of the land. Snakes can even climb trees, while turtles can swim in the water.
Ferns, fungi, and mosses are among the low-lying vegetation that is found on the forest floor. Mushrooms and fungi are known to exist in warm-moist conditions. The plants that bear the forest floor are called the understory. It might sound odd to you, but a few bird species are also found on the forest floor habitat such as ovenbirds, veery, eastern towhee, and hermit thrush.
How do animals survive in the forest? Why do they live there?
Animals have great adaptability to the forest land and survive through thick and thin, becoming more resilient to their wildlife home in the world.
Most species are becoming Endangered as a result of human activities, such as the cutting down of trees for human settlement and the hunting of animals such as gorillas, orangutans, and elephants for their own benefit. This is affecting the natural lifestyle of forest animals.
Primates such as orangutans, monkeys, and gorillas are known to be forest floor animals. In exceptional cases, monkeys can be seen in trees with other species such as a squirrel and birds. It is the evolution of these animals that they become accustomed to dwelling in specific places, such as on land, in trees, under burrows, and in water. The white elephant of Africa is the largest land animal, while the blue whale is the largest animal on Earth.
As you feel protected at your home, the same way these animals feel protected in the forest land. An animal's settlement depends on food availability, water, sheltered places, and climatic conditions. They migrate to another place if they feel uncomfortable or the climatic conditions do not suit them. Among all the forests, the Amazon rainforest is well known throughout the world due to its diverse flora and fauna biome culture.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for animals that live in the forest, then why not take a look at animals that live in trees, or animals that live underground.
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