France Geography Facts For Kids: Know The Map Of France Better! | Kidadl

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France Geography Facts For Kids: Know The Map Of France Better!

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Apart from the beautiful City of Lights Paris, did you know that France is also known for its agricultural plains?

These are wide plain lands that are very fertile and make France the heart of European agriculture. Some of the most important geographical attractions of France are the Mediterranean coastline, Rhone River Delta, and French Alps.

France, nicknamed La France, is a West European country that accommodates many Mediterranean beaches, various Alpine villages as well as medieval cities.

Politically, France's lengthy borders touch Italy, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, etc. The country also shares maritime borders with the UK.

If we talk about the geography of the country, France is home to a mostly flat terrain that comprises plains in maximum areas. Some Northern and Western places also witness rolling hills sliding down gently. Towards the South and the East, the regions are more mountainous such as the Pyrenees and the Massif Central in the South and the Alps in the East. France covers an area of approximately 212,900 sq mi (551,500 sq km) in continental Europe. France is also the third-largest European country following Russia and Ukraine.

After reading these interesting France facts about the French culture and its broad influences on the European continent, also check France government facts and Georgia colony fun facts.

France Geographic Location

Did you know that France official name is the French Republic and it is the largest country in Western Europe. The mainland of the country is called Metropolitan France. However, there are various territories and islands all across the world that come under the ownership of France.

France stretches from the North Sea and the English Channel in the North to the Mediterranean Sea in the South. It also lies from the Rhine River to the Atlantic Ocean.

France is considered a world power and is also the cultural and economic epicenter of Europe for many centuries. One of the main reasons behind the fantastic economic growth of France is its geography. Both location and climate impact income growth and income levels largely. Geography affects agricultural productivity, transport costs, and the ease of locomotion.

The top three physical features of France include the famous mountain range of the Alps Mountains, the Pyrenees Mountains, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Metropolitan France stretches from the South Eastern regions of the United Kingdom to Western Europe, along the English Channel, the Bay of Biscay, and the Mediterranean Sea. The territories acquired by France overseas are the islands of Reunion in South Africa, Mayotte towards the South of the Indian Ocean, the islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean Sea, and French Guiana in South America.

The Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Arc de Triomphe, and the Palace of Versailles are some of the major attractions that are popular amongst travelers.

Borders Of France

France lies towards the edges of the western regions of continental Europe. In the North, the country is bordered by the North Sea. Whereas, in the Northwest and the West, the English Channel and the Bay of Biscay respectively surround France.

The countries that share their borders with France in the South are Andorra, Spain, and Monaco. Italy, Switzerland, and Germany surround France in the East. However, the Northeast regions of France are bordered by Luxembourg and Belgium. As told earlier, the country shares maritime borders with the UK.

The size of Metropolitan France is greater than twice the size of Colorado in the United States. Also, the country is bigger than twice the area of the entire United Kingdom.

Out of the 67 million people of France, 2.2 million reside in overseas territories whereas 64.8 million people live in Metropolitan France. The people of France speak the official language French. Paris is the largest as well as the capital city of France. Paris population is pegged at around 2.1 million.

France offers a gateway between the European continent's northern and southern regions.

Coastlines Of France

Along the Mediterranean and the Atlantic shores of the country France, there are 36 coastlines altogether. Out of these, the most famous coastline is the Côte d’Azur.

Also called the French Riviera in English, the coastline is regarded as the most beautiful jewel in the crown of France. The French Riviera is located in the Eastern region of the Mediterranean coast of France.

Most of the coastlines in France are named after various colors, metals, or minerals. They all are unique in themselves and each of them has its own authentic charm, geography, climate, and history. The French coastline is the heart of seaside tourism in France.

The coastal regions, coastlines, coastal towns and villages, coastal beaches, and resorts are major points of attraction for tourists throughout the year. Tourism acts as a massive add-on to the already rich economy of France.

If we talk about the French coast in the extreme Northern regions, stretching from Belgium to  Calais, bordering the North Sea, the areas are perfectly suitable for sand dunes and sandy beaches.

The Atlantic Coast of France is dotted with many long sandy beaches and various towns and villages that have been developed over time. Some of the coastal towns and villages include Rochefort, Les Sables d’Olonne, La Rochelle, and many more. The coastal towns have expanded in the regions behind the shoreline.

However, in many areas, huge bands of pine forests can be seen backing up the beaches. But, such regions are considerably less crowded even in hot summer months.

Five overseas regions of the French Republic are French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Mayotte, Martinique, and Reunion, extending from South America to the Indian Ocean.

Highest And Lowest Point Of France

Coming to the extreme points of the country France. The highest point of France is Mont Blanc at 15,774.3 ft (4,808 m) high. On the other hand, the lowest point of France is the Étang de Lavalduc. It is 33 ft (10.1 m) below sea level.

Physically, the topography of France is a combination of flat Planes in most regions, the Rocky Mountains in the South East and South regions, and rolling hills in the West and northern regions.

If we talk about the political details of France. The country has various levels of divisions internally. France is divided into different regions at the first administrative level of the division of Integral France. Other than that, the Republic of France has its reign over different overseas territories that have a different administrative level of division.

As mentioned earlier, the coastlines are the heart of the country. With more than 2,000 mi (3,200 km) long coastline, France has innumerable beaches that have some of the other antique facilities to offer. There are different types of beaches in order to satisfy the summer tourists that are in millions if not more. Foreign visitors enjoy their trips to the French beaches and resorts.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for France geography facts for kids: know the map of France better! then why not take a look at 7 Facts about traditional Korean dance that are absolutely amazing, or 43 Switzerland culture facts that are extremely intriguing?

Written By
Supriya Jain

<p>As a skilled member of the Kidadl team, Shruti brings extensive experience and expertise in professional content writing. With a Bachelor's degree in Commerce from Punjab University and an MBA in Business Administration from IMT Nagpur, Shruti has worked in diverse roles such as sales intern, content writer, executive trainee, and business development consultant. Her exceptional writing skills cover a wide range of areas, including SOP, SEO, B2B/B2C, and academic content.</p>

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