Guinea Facts: Learn More About The West African Country | Kidadl

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Guinea Facts: Learn More About The West African Country

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Guinea is a small country located in West Africa near the Atlantic ocean.

Guinea Bissau is the capital city of Guinea. Along with the Atlantic coast, the country has three major rivers flowing through it: the niger river, Gambia River, and Senegal river.

While gaining independence in the year 1958, the African colonies were offered a relationship with Communaute. Communaute was recently created by the French, which was more of a British commonwealth. The relationship included codependence of educational, economic, and political growth. However, Guinea was the only colony that refused to maintain a partnership with the French. French Guinea then emerged as an independent country of West Africa, with Guinea Bissau as the capital. Guinea has excellent weather conditions for farming and fishing. But due to the involvement of most of the youth in agriculture, the literacy rate is very low. This nation has the lowest literacy rate, around 32 percent resulting in one of the poorest countries in the world.

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Fun Facts About Guinea

Guinea is famous worldwide for its production of bauxite. Apart from bauxite, Guinea is a storehouse of naturally obtained resources.

The resources in Guinea include bauxite, iron, diamonds, and gold. As we know that Guinea is one of the poorest nations, the number of mineral deposits in this nation could be magnificent. Apart from these, hydroelectrical resources have also been located here. Even though the nation is extremely rich in all these natural resources, the economy is based on agriculture and fishing only. Apart from a large amount of bauxite production, the nation is known to have a reserve of around 1.9 billion T (1.8 billion t) of high-grade iron ore.

Historical Facts About Guinea

The French colonized Guinea for almost 100 years. For nearly a century, Guinea was under the dominance of the French colony and was known as French Guinea.

During the late eighteenth century, around 1890, France colonized Guinea. The entire land on which Guinea is now situated during the time of colonization belonged to a few African empires. Guinea was transformed into a colony in 1898, but Guinea was a protectorate before that. Guinea was declared a protectorate in the year 1849. After being transformed into a colony, Guinea became an integral territory of French West Africa in the year 1904. Almost after 50 years, in October 1958, Guinea gained independence from the French. An election was held worldwide declaring Guinea to be independent of the authoritarian rule of France and emerging with the official name of the Republic of Guinea.

Guinea ranks second as a nation when it comes to bauxite production.

Facts About Guinea's Economic Woes

When it comes to the natural resources of Guinea, it is known to have rich mineral resources. Whereas regarding the economy, Guinea is not a wealthy nation and is considered one of the countries' poorest. For an annual population of around 12.7 million, the total GDP generated was counted to be 26.0 billion in the year 2017.

This West African nation generates its money from fishing and agriculture. About two-thirds of the entire employment sector is involved in farming and fisheries generating around $2,031 per capita. One of the significant problems of Guinea is the levels of poverty in the rural areas compared to the urban areas. Poverty in rural regions is much more intense than the urban region. The rural areas are mainly focused on the agricultural sector. These people do not receive much support from the government and suffer drastically during any natural disaster like a flood. The safety given to people in these regions is deficient, which ultimately affects the urban sectors as well. The lack of attention to these areas decreases the overall life expectancy at birth which was 60.6 years when last calculated in 2017.

Facts About Guinea's Culture

Guinea is a small country situated in the western parts of Africa. Based on geographic regions, Guinea is supposed to have diverse habitats. Similarly, Guinea is known to have a variety of culture that is enriched and practiced by the citizens.

The culture prevailing in Guinea is unique and has multiple layers to it. The official language is considered to be French. However, multiple languages are prevailing along with the different religions. The country has a high Muslim population who practice the teachings of Islam. Around 85 percent of the total population is Muslim, followed by Christians dominating 8 percent of the total population. The rest of the seven percent usually follow traditional beliefs. Christians follow the beliefs of Roman Christians, where afternoon prayers on a Friday are a mandate. Holidays for Islamic occasions are also maintained. Christians and Muslims do not follow the social norms of covering themselves up.

The Christians usually hail from the coastal areas near the country's border. Towards the coastal area, the catholic missions run dominantly. Ethnic groups of Guinea combine all the other forms of beliefs and religion and practice them. One very important sign of the Guinean culture is greeting. It is considered rude not to ask the well-being and whereabouts of someone before discussing anything important. The greeting is usually symbolized by shaking hands. However, the upper-class people might practice a slight kiss on the cheeks after the handshake. The handshake should be done with the right hand. Any mode of interaction like shaking hands, handing an item, or paying needs to be done with the right hand. Usage of the left hand for all these activities is considered rude and impolite. People are usually referred to as a comrade by others. Comrade is a term used to maintain the culture and belief of equality, eliminating the social norms.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created many interesting family-friendly facts for everyone to enjoy! If you liked our suggestions for Guinea Facts: Learn More About The West African Country, then why not take a look at Quito Ecuador facts or ancient Persia facts?

<p>With a Master of Arts in English, Rajnandini has pursued her passion for the arts and has become an experienced content writer. She has worked with companies such as Writer's Zone and has had her writing skills recognized by publications such as The Telegraph. Rajnandini is also trilingual and enjoys various hobbies such as music, movies, travel, philanthropy, writing her blog, and reading classic British literature.&nbsp;</p>

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