43 Han Dynasty Fun Facts For Kids Who Love History | Kidadl


43 Han Dynasty Fun Facts For Kids Who Love History

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The Han dynasty is a well-known imperial dynasty that ruled parts of China for a long period.

The Han dynasty ruled the country for more than 400 years. The period is divided into the Western Han dynasty and the Eastern Han dynasty. 

The dynasty is named after a river in China. This rule lasted for a long time as it was a golden era in Chinese history. This era came to an end with Emperor Xian in 220 AD.

History Of The Han Dynasty

Let's look at some fun Han dynasty history facts!

  • China is respected for its long cultural Chinese history of arts and literature.
  • A significant contribution to this comes from the Han emperors, whose gifts of tradition left an imprint on the citizens for more than 2,000 years.
  • Many Chinese people call themselves Han as a mark of respect to the Han Empire.
  • The Han empire, in turn, is named after the Han River in China.
  • Most of the rulers before the Han dynasty, like the Qin dynasty, were stricter, and this came as a new way to rule the country.
  • Emperor Liu Bang started the Han dynasty sometime in 206 BC after the Qin dynasty collapsed.
  • A small break of a few years separates the Han dynasty into two spans. The later Han is called Eastern Han that lasted between 25 and 220 AD. The Western Han or the Former Han period lasted from 202 BC to 9 AD.
  • The intervening period of 9–23 AD is known as the Big interruption. The Han dynasty came back into power once emperor Wang Mang of the Xin dynasty was killed.
  • History says that Liu Bang managed to capture the Qin dynasty capital in 206 BC while leading the army of peasants. This ended the Qin empire and gave birth to the Han dynasty.
  • They conquered and added more territories, and the kingdom grew considerably by 202 BC.
  • The power struggles between Liu Bang and Xiang Yu led to one of the long-running and strong empires of the time.
  • During 618 and 907 AD, the Tang dynasty is also considered a golden age of culture like the Han dynasty.
  • Emperor Gaozu also established a kingdom that depended on education and wisdom. He introduced the services of educated people to run the government.
  • Legalism and the Confucian ideology were widely accepted across the kingdom. But slowly, the Han court started giving more patronage to Confucianism, which became the Han Empire's state ideology.

Leader Of The Han Dynasty

The Han dynasty was deeply entrenched in traditional Chinese wisdom, culture, and Confucianism.

  • The first emperor of the dynasty, Liu Bang, was Han Gaozu. His rule lasted from 206 BC to 220 BC.
  • He respected the legalism and the ideology of Confucius. But slowly, a centralized system emerged with Confucianism and more liberal ideas for Chinese people.
  • Gaozu was an influential leader or emperor of the Han dynasty. He replaced the kings of many small kingdoms within Ancient China with Liu's family members.
  • Some of them tried to establish their kingdoms against the centralized rule. After a few decades, the military expansion launched by Emperor Wu expanded the empire.
  • Emperor Wu tried to connect with other tribes in the western area with emperor Zhang Qian as his emissary.
  • In the meantime, Liu Xiu seized control from Emperor Wu in the capital. He established Eastern Han and its capital as Luoyang.
  • The Han armies could conquer the Silk Road, a major trading route, in Mongolia and other parts. The Silk Route also brought prosperity and trading systems for the empire.
  • They issued a currency in 119 BC that was considered the standard central currency of the entire country until the next dynasty of Tang came into power.
  • Control of the Silk Route was an excellent achievement for the empire, but it was costly to expand.
  • Emperor Xian was the last Han emperor. He was forced to relinquish his power.
Do you know that the Silk Route helped the amazing achievements of the Han dynasty to spread to different parts of the world?

Achievements Of The Han Dynasty

The Han dynasty is known for many achievements in the cultural realm apart from prosperity and bureaucracy.

  • One of the most outstanding achievements was discovering and using negative numbers during the regime.
  • Another significant aspect was that the empire was founded by rebels of the Liu family led by Liu Bang, who became the Emperor Gaozu of Han.
  • His legacy is still respected by most Chinese individuals who form the largest ethnic group in the world.
  • Chang'an was the capital of the Western Han dynasty. The Western Han dynasty had a long line of Emperors, 24 to be precise.
  • They collectively spread arts, literature, and cultural changes in the region. Their influence, traditions, and systems are visible even after 200 years in the present times.
  • A remarkable fact is that the oldest surviving piece of written paper belonged to the Han period.
  • The paper from 110 AD was found in the ruins of the Han watchtower, though the paper was already in use for a long time before that.
  • Another important discovery from the time of Wang Mang was a bronze coin in the shape of a spade.
  • The earlier rule of Qin was very strict due to paranoia. Emperor Gaozu found a balance between this and the liberal policies of Zhou with the help of his advisors.
  • Qin believed in firm control, and Zhou was too liberal. The Han dynasty balanced the two styles, and people were happy.
  • Many inventions are attributed to this liberal rule, and people benefitted from them.
  • The seismometer was invented in 132 AD. The waterwheel was invented in 40 BC and paper was created in 105 BC. This is evidence of people's creativity.
  • The Han dynasty is respected for developing the calendar, map making, new concepts in metallurgy and astronomy, and architectural marvels.
  • Their discoveries were much appreciated in the western world as they gained access through the Silk Route. The culture and traditions were also communicated with other civilizations of that time. The Silk Route was a well-known trade route connecting China with other Asian countries.

Downfall Of The Han Dynasty

Like any other dynasty, the Han dynasty also reached its zenith and then declined slowly by the end of the second century. Several factors led to the fall of the Han dynasty. 

  • The empire was roughly divided into three centers of strongholds, including Shu Han. By 220 AD Xian, the last known emperor, lost his crown to Cao Pi, who founded the Wei dynasty.
  • He created a state called Cao Wei and ruled one part of the region for years to come.
  • The Han dynasty is still respected for its legacy in many mathematical and scientific concepts and the development of beautiful tools and devices.
  • These amazing Han dynasty facts tell us how their cultural and artistic innovations have influenced modern literature worldwide.
  • The use of paper, common currency, and a liberal ruling system were just a few important aspects.
  • This civilization of the Han period has left indelible imprints on the history of China and other countries.
  • China has been respected for its cultural legacy over the centuries. Their innovative methods and discoveries have helped people across Asia and Europe due to their access through the Silk Road.

<p>With a Bachelor's degree in commerce from the University of Calicut, Avinash is an accomplished artist, writer, and social worker. He has exhibited his paintings in galleries worldwide and his writing has been recognized for its creativity and clarity in various publications. Avinash's dedication to social justice and equality has led him to devote his time and resources to various causes that aim to improve the lives of those in need. Having gained valuable experience working with major corporations, Avinash has become a successful entrepreneur. When he is not busy pursuing his passion for art and social work, he spends his free time reading, farming, and indulging his love for automobiles and motorcycles.</p>

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