57 Kazakhstan Facts: Learn About Its Culture, History And Economy

Sridevi Tolety
Jan 23, 2024 By Sridevi Tolety
Originally Published on Mar 29, 2022
Edited by Urvashi Mukherjee
Fact-checked by Spandana Kantam
One of the Kazakhstan facts is that it borders five countries, including China, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 8.0 Min

Each country has its unique history, geography, economy, and culture that makes it special!

Various countries have different cultures and religions that they follow. For example, the Japanese culture has tea ceremonies, and they also enjoy flower arrangements and wearing kimonos.

In our society, a sense of culture comes from the degree to which we have developed our sophistication in arts, education, science, or in any other field. It can be used to show or indicate or differentiate groups of civilizations that are a part of less complex societies. Culture has also given rise to hierarchy in order to distinguish between the elite class, and the not-so-elite classes or fold culture, and even pop culture. Culture can also be used to specifically refer to different ethnic groups in terms of what types of clothes, jewelry, and body modifications they have. Multiculturalism is the peaceful coexistence of different cultures and people living together within a geographical boundary. There can also be subcultures and countercultures. Knowledge about these set of cultures or new cultures can be acquired over time.

Climate Of Kazakhstan

Climate can be said to be the weather pattern that is long-lasting in a specific area. Usually, it is considered for a span of 30 years. In technical terms, we can say that it is the variability and the mean of variations in meteorology spanning over multiple years.

In the 20th century, the climate in Kazakhstan showed a rise in average temperature, especially after the year 1980.

During the years 1197-2010, the average temperatures warmed up considerably.

The warming up of the average temperature in the country was more visible in western Kazakhstan, eastern Kazakhstan, and southern parts of the country as compared to central Kazakhstan.

One of the highest recorded temperature rises in the country was in winter and autumn, when the temperature had increased by almost 32.5°F (0.3°C) every decade.

Summer temperatures have also shown an increase in temperature, going up around 32°F (0.018°C) per decade!

Kazakhstan is also known to have an overall continental type of climate.

This country has very hot summers and very cold winters, making the seasonal periods longer than usual.

In some areas of northern Kazakhstan, temperatures can dip to as low as -61.6°F (-52°C), although it later rises to 41°F (5°C).

Summers and winters are quite long and last for multiple months, whereas spring lasts for a very short time.

Summers last for about three months, and winters can set in from the month of October and extend until late April.

Spring is short and lasts for only about one and a half months at most.

Snow is also enjoyed by Kazakhs when it falls in November and might continue to fall until April.

The thaw that happens after winter due to heavy amounts of snow and increased rainfall can lead to floods during the spring season.

The precipitation levels in this country are usually low throughout the year, with an average of 0.55 in (14 mm).

Tourist Attractions In Kazakhstan

Tourist attractions are one of the significant economic resources of any country apart from being symbols of cultural or historical significance. They also offer natural beauty, amusement, or leisure to people. Let us check out some cool attractions in Kazakhstan that places this country on the list of must-visits across the world.

Beyterek tower in the capital city of Nur-Sultan (previously Astana) is one of the most visited attractions in the city. It is 344.5 ft (105 m) tall and provides tourists with a vast panoramic view of the entire city.

Museum of Miniatures and Seaquarium are also in Nur-Sultan, which houses multiple species of animals from various parts of the world.

Almaty is a city in the country. This city is also a famous cultural hub.

Zelyony Bazaar is also an attraction in the city where one can shop and have fun.

Aktau is a city overlooking the Caspian Sea, and hence tourists can enjoy beachside activities on the coast of the Caspian Sea.

This city is also home to the World War II memorial.

Taraz city is one of the ancient cities and has much historical significance.

You can visit Stonehenge and Taraz Regional Museum, which are some famous places in Taraz.

The 15th largest lake in the world is also in this country and goes by the name of Lake Balkhash.

Winter fishing and camping can be enjoyed near this lake.

Yuri Gagarin statue is a famous tourist attraction in the city of Baikonur.

This city is also home to one of the oldest space facilities for launching space shuttles or rockets.

Dostoevsky Museum can be visited in Semipalatinsk. This city houses historical tourist attractions.

Economy Of Kazakhstan

The economy of any country consists of the general production of goods, their distribution, and the trade of those products as goods and services. The economy of a country helps its citizens and the country as a whole to develop and provide for its people through various jobs, resources, and amenities.

Kazakhstan lies in central Asia and is the largest country economy in this area in both per capita and absolute terms.

After becoming an independent nation and a constitutional republic, after separating from the Soviet Union (Soviet Republic), Kazakhstan acquired large amounts of foreign investments amounting to more than $370 billion.

This country has large amounts of natural oil and natural gas reserves in addition to metals and minerals.

This country also has a vast steppes area of land that is used for accommodating both grain and livestock production. Hence, it has vast potential for agriculture.

Kazakhstan has abundant natural resources, which help the country in the extraction and processing of goods to get more of an economic push. For example, walnuts and apples grow in the southern areas.

In the year 2000, economy of Kazakhstan grew considerably with a spike in the world's demand for metals, oils, and grains.

Even though GDP went down by 26% in the '90s, it was able to recover with a growth rate of 1.7% in 1999 and 9.6% in 2000. In the year 2006, the country's GDP saw a spike of 10%.

Kazakhstan is the largest producer of uranium.

Kazakhstan provides a total of 41% of all uranium used in the world.

Other than that, Kazakhstan is also one of the leading producers and distributors of oil. In the year 2000, the country produced around 700,000 barrels of oil per day.

This country has many metal reserves and is one of the leading producers of gold, uranium, zinc, antimony, iron ore, phosphate, bismuth, lead, manganese, chromium, bauxite, copper as well as sulfur.

Toyota Fortuner's Complete Knock Down (CKD) started in Kostanay in Kazakhstan in the year 2014. This initiative expected annual production of around 3,000 cars.

In the year 2014, the automotive industry gained huge profits garnering over $2 billion. However, this industry plummeted to only around 46,000 in sales in the year 2016.

Kazakhstan had a loan approved from the World Bank of around $88 million to make socially and commercially viable technological innovations in 2014.

In a joint venture of Temir Zholy and Kurastyru Zauyty, the transportation sector acquired around 50% stakes.

Kazakhstan has a lot of natural oil as well as significant oil reserves.

Population And Culture Of Kazakhstan

Culture and population are some of the unique qualities of any country. Let us learn more about what the people, art, and customs in Kazakhstan are like.

Kazakhstan is located in central Asia and is quite significant as a nation.

Menyn Kazakhstanym is the national anthem of Kazakhstan.

There can be more than 120 ethnic groups found within the country of Kazakhstan.

In the early years of the 1200s, Kazakhstan was conquered by Genghis Khan.

The nomadic lifestyle of Scythians has heavily influenced the culture of Kazakhstan.

Traditional life of Kazakhstan's people has evolved around animal husbandry.

One of the unique cultural traits of people here was that while greeting, first the health of livestock would be asked about and then that of humans.

The traditional home of Kazakhs is a tent formed with wood called a 'yurt'.

Kazakh is the official language of Kazakhstan.

It is said that around 15 million people in Kazakhstan live on the European side near the Ural River.

This country has many Kazakh tribes and Turkic tribes.

This country also has three World Heritage Sites recognized by UNESCO.

The biodiversity in this country includes the snow leopard, golden eagles, and sheep.

Sheber competitions are enjoyed by Kazakh artisans each year.


What makes Kazakhs unique?

Upon their independence in 1991, Kazakhs, the citizens of Kazakhstan, did not form the majority of the country in terms of the population!

What are some interesting facts about Kazakh culture?

An interesting fact about Kazakh culture is that it was primarily based on nomadic pastoral economies of people. It has also been heavily influenced by the Turkic lifestyle, which is quite nomadic.

What is the most popular food in Kazakhstan?

One of the most famous dishes in the country is besbarmak which is a national dish. This dish is eaten with bare hands. It is generally made from various types of meat such as beef, camel-meat, lamb, and some pasta.

What is unusual about the greeting of Kazakhs?

Usually, the greeting in this country is done with a handshake and a smile. However, due to religious reasons, some men may not shake hands with women.

Is Kazakhstan a rich country?

Kazakhstan is one of the wealthiest countries and also is the largest country for a market economy in central Asia.

We Want Your Photos!
We Want Your Photos!

We Want Your Photos!

Do you have a photo you are happy to share that would improve this article?
Email your photos

More for You

See All

Written by Sridevi Tolety

Bachelor of Science specializing in Botany, Master of Science specializing in Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs

Sridevi Tolety picture

Sridevi ToletyBachelor of Science specializing in Botany, Master of Science specializing in Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs

With a Master's degree in clinical research from Manipal University and a PG Diploma in journalism from Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Sridevi has cultivated her passion for writing across various domains. She has authored a wide range of articles, blogs, travelogues, creative content, and short stories that have been published in leading magazines, newspapers, and websites. Sridevi is fluent in four languages and enjoys spending her spare time with loved ones. Her hobbies include reading, traveling, cooking, painting, and listening to music.

Read full bio >