Fun Mexican Tree Frog Facts For Kids

Ogrima Mukherjee
Feb 29, 2024 By Ogrima Mukherjee
Originally Published on Sep 23, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Gowri Rao
Mexican tree frog facts include that the female is larger than the male, laying eggs in a surface film on water.
Age: 3-18
Read time: 7.1 Min

The common Mexican treefrog (Smilisca baudinii) is endemic to North America, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Texas. The habitat range of this species occurs in trees of moist and humid areas, in tree holes, and in tree bark. This species has many names; some popular names are Baudin's tree frog, Mexican tree frog, and Van Vliet's frog. The scientific names for most tree frog species are Smilisca and Agalychnis genera. Females lay the eggs of a surface film on the water. These tree frogs prey on insects and invertebrates and are, in turn, preyed on by reptiles and birds. They are brown or green in color and have warts on their lower arms, distinguishing them from other frogs. Their conservation status is Least Concern in the IUCN Red List.

If you liked reading about the Mexican tree frog, also check out interesting frog facts about the red-eyed tree frog and horned frog.

Mexican Tree Frog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Mexican tree frog?

The common Mexican treefrog (Smilisca baudinii) is a frog part of the wildlife of Mexico, Texas, and Costa Rica.

What class of animal does a Mexican tree frog belong to?

The Mexican tree frog's scientific name is Smilisca baudinii, and it belongs to the class of amphibians, Amphibia.

How many Mexican tree frogs are there in the world?

The Mexican tree frog population status is not known. There are more than 10,000 mature individuals in the world. The population in the state of Texas is small and protected by the government.

Where does a Mexican tree frog live?

The Mexican tree frog range of distribution is the humid forests of Mexico, Texas, and Costa Rica. The population in Texas is very small.

What is a Mexican tree frog’s habitat?

The common Mexican tree frog habitat distribution is found in trees near permanent water bodies. It prefers to live in humid and moist areas but is found in slightly dry forests and coastal regions. It has been found 5249 ft (1600 m) above sea level. It usually lives in tree holes, under tree bark, and banana plants.

Who do Mexican tree frogs live with?

The common Mexican tree frog is an amphibian that usually occurs alone and can be seen in pairs when mating. Most tree frogs cannot live with other frog species; it is found that they might eat each other if size permits.

How long does a Mexican tree frog live?

The life span of a Mexican tree frog is reported to be a maximum of five to six years. It is usually preyed on and killed by reptiles.

How do they reproduce?

Mexican tree frog mating facts include that it breeds any time after it rains. They breed throughout the year, but a peak was observed from August to October. They breed near temporary bodies of water. Males emit their mating call from the edge of the water bodies, and females lay 2,500-3,500 eggs in shallow limestone basins. Frog eggs are black and cream and (0.05 in) 1.3 mm in diameter and are placed on top of the water on a thin film. The metamorphosis takes place 14-20 days after fertilization. Tadpoles begin changing into frogs.

What is their conservation status?

They are listed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List. According to the thresholds set by IUCN, this frog species has more than 10,000 mature individuals in the world and has seen a decrease of less than ten percent in the last ten years or three generations. Since the population in Texas is small, it is protected by the state of Texas.

Mexican Tree Frog Fun Facts

What do Mexican tree frogs look like?

The Mexican treefrog (Smilisca baudinii) species description a chubby, stocky frog with short legs. This species has a broad and flat head. A distinguishing feature of this species is that it has a row of warts on its lower arm. It has large, prominently bulging eyes with horizontally elliptic pupils and gold or silver irises. The skin is smooth or granular depending on that area, and it varies in color and pattern. The upper body of the frog can be a shade of dark green, tan, or brown with dark patches. The Mexican tree frog changes color depending on the circumstance. The vocal sac of breeding males is grey in color; males, in general, have darker throats, and females have light throats. The underbelly is white or creamy yellow and lacks any marking. The dorsal surface of the legs has dark bars and contrasting yellowish-black spots on the back of the thighs and the groin region. Like other frogs, it even has webbed toes and fingers.

Tree frog sitting on a branch

*Please note that this is an image of a Common tree frog, not specifically of a Mexican Tree Frog. If you have an image of a Mexican Tree Frog, please let us know at

How cute are they?

They are very cute and small. Their color-changing tactics are very interesting to see.

How do they communicate?

The common Mexican tree frog communicates using its voice. The Mexican tree frog sound is a high-pitched distress call emitted by both sexes when threatened by a predator with their mouth wide open. Their mating call is a series of 'wonk-wonk-wonk' notes which last for 0.1 seconds, spaced 15 seconds or several minutes apart. Both sexes emit the calls at the same time and perform a duet. The advertisement call is produced by a male frog to attract females and to warn other male rivals. It consists of a series of short quick notes medium in pitch that follow occasional chuckles. The sounds are repeated 5-12 times in two or three seconds at two to three-second intervals. These calls can be heard at all times in the day.

How big is a Mexican tree frog?

The male Mexican tree frog is 3 in (7.6 cm) big, and the female is larger at 3.5 in (9 cm). It is two to three times a poison dart frog and is the same size as the Pacman frog.

How fast can a Mexican tree frog move?

The speed of a Mexican tree frog is not known. It travels by leaping using its forelimbs and hind limbs.

How much does a Mexican tree frog weigh?

The weight of a Mexican tree frog is 2.47 oz (70 g). It is five times heavier than a glass frog and almost the same as a leopard frog.

What are the male and female names of the species?

There is no specific name for the male and female species of Baudin's tree frog. They can be distinguished by size because the female is larger than the male.

What would you call a baby Mexican tree frog?

There are no specific names of a baby Mexican tree frog. Juvenile frogs are generally called tadpoles.

What do they eat?

In the Mexican tree frog food web, they eat insects, spiders, and invertebrates and, in turn, are eaten by reptiles like snakes and birds.

Are they poisonous?

No, the common Mexican tree frog (Smilisca baudinii) is not poisonous. Other tree frog species are poisonous, but none of them are venomous. The secretions from their skin can cause irritations and rashes, but it's not fatal.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, tree frogs are often kept as pets. They are usually not kept by novices since they need some extra care. Common Mexican tree frog feeding is commonly crickets as pets since they are the most readily available frog food. Mexican tree frog human interaction is very safe and peaceful.

Did you know...

A fun fact about Mexican tree frog characteristics is that it is the largest tree frog native to the United States of America range and is also the largest species in the genus Smilisca.

The Mexican giant tree frog is also known as the Mexican leaf tree frog; foam nest is its distinguishing feature. Males create the foam nest using their hind legs around the eggs laid by females.

The call of a Mexican burrowing tree frog sounds like a quacking duck. It also has some hoarse notes in its call.

The Mexican red-eyed tree frog is the most colorful tree frog. It uses its startling red eyes as a defensive mechanism against predators.

The chytrid fungus is fatal to many species of amphibians.

Can Mexican tree frogs be handled?

Yes, Mexican tree frog (Smilisca baudinii) species can be handled and tamed by humans. Since they are a little more complex to take care of, it's best to have prior experience handling frogs before taking care of a tree frog. They should be handled safely using gloves so that the handler does not get any rash or reaction.

Are Mexican tree frogs endangered?

No, Mexican tree frogs are not endangered. Their status is listed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List. Their population is very small in Texas and is thus protected by the state.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these Bullfrog facts and Columbia Spotted Frog facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable Mexican tree frog coloring pages.

The second image is owned by Vladlen Henríquez.

Mexican Tree Frog Facts

What Did They Prey On?

Insects, spiders, and other invertebrates

What Type of Animal were they?


Average Litter Size?

2,500-3,500 eggs

How Much Did They Weigh?

2.47 oz (70.2 g)

What habitat Do they Live In?

Palm trees near water bodies

Where Do They Live?

mexico, texas, Costa Rica

How Long Were They?

Males: 3 in (7.6 cm) Female: 3.5 in (9 cm)

How Tall Were They?








Scientific Name

Smilisca baudinii

What Do They Look Like?

Dark brown or green with large bulging eyes

Skin Type

Soft, moist skin

What Are Their Main Threats?


What is their Conservation Status?

Least Concern
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Written by Ogrima Mukherjee

Bachelor of Technology specializing in Computer Science

Ogrima Mukherjee picture

Ogrima MukherjeeBachelor of Technology specializing in Computer Science

Ogrima brings a wealth of knowledge and skills to her craft. With a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science from GITAM University, she possesses a strong foundation in technology. However, her keen interest in writing has allowed her to leverage her skills and passion to create high-quality content in various niches. Ogrima's extensive experience in content writing and social media copywriting showcases her versatility and adaptability as a writer. Her ability to create engaging and well-researched articles tailored specifically for children sets her apart.

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