Fun Painted Spurfowl Facts For Kids

Aashita Dhingra
Jan 31, 2024 By Aashita Dhingra
Originally Published on Aug 26, 2021
Edited by Luca Demetriou
Fact-checked by Kidadl Team
Painted spurfowl facts on smaller domestic chicken.
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Age: 3-18
Read time: 6.6 Min

There are about 24 or more species of spurfowl in the world. The painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is primarily found in peninsular India. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is also seen in Pachmarhi, Aravalli ranges in Rajasthan, and in eastern ghats and Andhra Pradesh. They reside in rocky hill and scrub forests and mountain ranges. The painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) gets its name from its appearance itself. These species are brightly colored and spotted in white. The painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is classified as Least concern species by the International Union For Conservation Of Nature (IUCN). They belong to order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) are primarily herbivores and feed on berries, tubers, seeds, and berries however they do consume insects and mollusks occasionally making them omnivorous in nature. These omnivorous birds feed their young as well with females being more involved in raising their young. Male and female painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) display sexual dimorphism and females tend to be duller in appearance as compared to males.

For more relatable content, check out these giant cowbird facts and American pipit facts for kids.

Painted Spurfowl Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a painted spurfowl?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is a type of bird that belongs to the kingdom Animalia, order Galliformes.

What class of animal does a painted spurfowl belong to?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) belongs to class Aves, family Phasianidae, and genus Galloperdix.

How many painted spurfowls are there in the world?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) exact population/distribution in the world is not evaluated. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) are classified as Least concern species by the IUCN. Their distribution is limited within their habitat range.

Where does a painted spurfowl live?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) are primarily seen in the rocky hill and scrub forests Aravalli ranges in Rajasthan. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is also seen in Pachmarhi and in eastern ghats in the rocky and scrub forest of Andhra Pradesh, unlike the red spurfowl.

What is a painted spurfowl's habitat?

Painted spurfowl habitat constitutes rocky hills, scrub forests, and mountain ranges where they can find easy access to food at all times. Painted spurfowl migrate year-round from lower elevations to higher ones depending on their needs. These birds are not capable of flying long distances neither can they attain great heights similar to other fowls species like peahen, chicken, and other fowl birds.

Who do painted spurfowls live with?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) live with other species in pairs of their own kind in most instances it's rare to find such species as solitary beings. Painted spurfowls live in regions where human disturbance and interference are low.

How long does a painted spurfowl live?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) lifespan is not evaluated. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) lifespan is dependent on their diet and habitat. A similar species if the the red spurfowl from the same family genus.

How do they reproduce?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) are found in breeding pairs of up to six individuals and they tend to stay together. They have various courtship calls known as chuguk calls. The breeding season occurs from January to July. Males and female painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) reproduce sexually and reproduce by August after the rainy season. Males offer food to the females. Females lay about three-five eggs per clutch. These chicks are incubated and both males and females are equally involved in raising their young.

What is their conservation status?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is classified as Least concern species by the IUCN red list of threatened species. A painted spurfowl range map is available on the IUCN website.

Painted Spurfowl Fun Facts

What do painted spurfowls look like?

Painted spurfowl appearance is similar to other species however they are brightly colored and belong to the genus Galloperdix in India. Painted spurfowl feathers are differently colored. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is distinctive in having no bare facial skin as the red spurfowl from the same family genus. Females are duller in color as compared to males which occur primarily due to sexual dimorphism. Males are black with a green sheen and finely spotted in white. Their throat is paler as compared to the rest of their body. Their bill and legs are dark grey with two to four tarsal spurs on the male. They have spurs on its heels. They have a face similar to other fowl species and have two dark-colored eyes.

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is brightly colored species of spurfowl with facial skin like the red spurfowl from the same family genus.

How cute are they?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is a cute fowl species. They have no bare facial skin as the red spurfowl. They are seen in rocky hill and scrub forests in India and rarely spotted in any other regions. They are not sociable beings and prefer staying away from human settlements.

How do they communicate?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) communicate through body language as well as using various courtship rituals. They have various courtship calls known as chuguk calls.

How big is a painted spurfowl?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is 13.77 in (35 cm) in length, which is three times bigger than the guam rail birds which are 11 in (28 cm).

How fast can a painted spurfowl fly?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) exact flying speed is not known they live in scrub forest habitats. They are not ideally capable of long heights and stay mostly on ground.

How much does a painted spurfowl weigh?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) weigh 0.49- 0.66 lb (225-300 g). This birds weight depends on its diet as well as habitat.

What are the male and female names of the species?

Painted spurfowl male and painted spurfowl female are not addressed differently. Male and female are different in coloration with female birds being duller in color as compared to males.

What would you call a baby painted spurfowl?

A painted spurfowl egg is referred to as an egg and a painted spurfowl baby is small in size and called can be called a nestling. The male and female adult birds are equally involved in raising the young mostly in India.

What do they eat?

The painted spurfowl diet is omnivorous. They consume berries, seeds, tubers, and drupes. These birds may cosume insects including black carpenter ant, flatworms, and mollusks. Juveniles are fed the same food as adults once they hatch. They mostly forage on the ground. They prefer residing in dry habitats as compared to tropical climates.

Are they dangerous?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) poses no threat to humans however, they are seen away from human settlements in dry habitats. They are effective in distracting predators away from chicks. Predators to these species include carnivorous animal groups like jackal, caracal, heron, and marabou.

Would they make a good pet?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is not ideal to be kept as a pet. Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) prefer living in habitats away from human settlements. Painted spurfowl for sale is not a common phenomenon. If you wish to adopt pet or fowl species you could consider other sociable and friendly pet or fowl birds.

Did you know...

Painted spurfowls are known as Perlspornhuhn in German.

The name spurfowl is derived from the spurs on its heels that face backward. These spurs are used for dualling between males battles during courtship.

No birds have teeth all birds swallow their food through a component known as the gizzard which helps grind their food.

Are painted spurfowls endangered?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is not an endangered bird. They are found in large numbers within their habitat range and are rarely seen in other parts of the world. Other species of spurfowls may be seen in other parts of the world however the painted spurfowl is limited to its habitat range in India. They are usually spotted scuttling through the undergrowth within their habitats. In the wild, they are found in the undergrowth in India in pairs.

Why is it called a painted spurfowl?

Painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is primarily named for its bright color however, this is only possessed by the male. Females are relatively duller in color as compared to males. This is due to sexual dimorphism where male and female animals differ based on coloration, size, pattern as well as reproductive functions. The bright color and complexity of colors in these birds sets them apart from other species of their own kind. Have you ever come across any spurfowl species?

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these blue grouse facts and mountain chickadee facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable painted spurfowl coloring pages.

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Written by Aashita Dhingra

Bachelors in Business Administration

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Aashita DhingraBachelors in Business Administration

Based in Lucknow, India, Aashita is a skilled content creator with experience crafting study guides for high school-aged kids. Her education includes a degree in Business Administration from St. Mary's Convent Inter College, which she leverages to bring a unique perspective to her work. Aashita's passion for writing and education is evident in her ability to craft engaging content.

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