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Read these Tokyo facts to learn all about the Japanese capital.

Plums are one of the healthiest and fleshiest fruits grown across the world.

Plum is widely used in baking, making jams and jellies, making plum liquor and wine. Plum is the national fruit of Serbia.

Plums are stonefruits. There are many varieties of plum in many different colors. Plums have red skin, green skin, yellow skin, blue skin, and many more. Usually, the plum has yellow or red flesh. 

Fresh plums are available from June to October. Plum fruit belongs to the genus Prunus. Plums are incredibly beneficial for our health and are easily available in the market. Plums' taste depends on the variety of the plum. Some plums are sweet, some are sour, and some are sweet and sour. Some plums have a dusty-looking coat, which is natural wax called wax bloom. Consumption of wax bloom is harmless. Japanese make rice balls with plums, called umeboshi onigiri.

Cultivation Of Plum

Plums are sweet, tangy summertime fruits. Plums are primarily used to make juices, jams, and plum wine. Plums are easy to cultivate compared to other fruits. Many diverse plum trees produce many varieties of plums.

Plums are grown in every continent except Antarctica.

Plums are harvested from May to August. These fruits are grown in temperate areas.

In Taiwan, plum trees blossom in early January, and in the United Kingdom, plum trees blossom in the month of April.

The ideal planting season for plums is June to November.

On average, 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) of plum fruit is harvested from a single tree per year.

Some plum trees reach a height of 20-33 ft (6-10 m) and can spread across 32 ft (9.7 m), while some are only small shrubs.

Plums are cultivated all around the world, and many varieties of plums are grown depending upon the climate and soil conditions.

Japanese plum was first grown by the Chinese but developed in Japan over the years.

Cool winters and warm summers are the best suitable for plum cultivation.

Soil with good water drainage is ideal for growing plums.

To be able to grow plums, the soil has to be free from saline and alkaline condition. Neutral and fertile soil with a pH range of 5- 6.5 is suitable for growing plums.

Production of plum fruit starts after three years of planting, production of fruit declines after 10 years.

Plum trees bloom in later winter to early spring, depending on plum species.

Plum trees are pruned in early spring to increase the growth of plum trees and the production of plums.

India, China, and Serbia are the top producers of plum fruit in the world.

Damson, Victoria, Greengage, Mira belle, and Satsuma plum are most commonly grown across the world.

Nutritional Value Of Plum

Plum is low fat, low calorie, and highly nutritious fruit. Plum is a good source of many vitamins. The nutrients present in plums are useful in healing and preventing many diseases. Plum facts on nutritional value:

On average, a plum fruit has 30 calories.

A plum fruit has 0.26 oz (7.3 g) of carbohydrate in it.

The protein quantity present in a plum fruit is 0.016 oz (0.45 g). Protein is essential for muscle growth.

On average, a plum fruit has 3.88014e-6 oz (0.11 mg) of iron in it.

A plum fruit has 0.00365508794 oz (103.62 mg) of potassium.

The magnesium and manganese present in a plum fruit are 0.0001629657 oz (4.62 mg) and 7.495717e-8 oz (0.034 mg), respectively.

On average, a plum fruit has 0.00037249304 oz (10.56 mg) of phosphorus in it.

A plum fruit has 1.340411e-6 oz (0.038 mg) of copper in it.

The Amount of Zinc in a plum fruit is 2.46918e-6 oz (0.07 mg.)

9.70034e-6 oz (0.275 mg) of niacin is present in a plum fruit.

A plum fruit contains 3.139383e-6 oz (0.089 mg) of Pantothenic acid.

5.996574e-7 oz (0.o17 mg) of riboflavin is present in a plum fruit.

A plum fruit has 6.349313e-7 oz (0.018 mg) of thiamine.

A plum contains 2.398629e-6 oz (0.068 mg) of vitamin A.

The amount of vitamin K present in a plum fruit is 1.4815064e-7 oz (0.0042 mg.)

Vitamin is the main source of antioxidants. Plum is rich in vitamin C with 0.000222226 oz (6.3 mg) per plum.

Vitamin B6 is also there in plums 6.702053e-7 oz (0.019 mg) of vitamin B6 is there in a plum. Plum also has another essential vitamin our body needs: 5.99657e-6 oz (0.17 mg) of vitamin E, which is present in a plum. Plum has a vitamin A of 227 IU.

Types Of Plum

There are many types of plums, among which most of us might have only tasted a few varieties of plums. The most popular type of plums is Japanese plums. The plum facts of types of plums are:

Moyer Plum is considered the best European plum variety. These plums are freshly available and have amazing flavor. These plums are very sweet, which is why they are called sugar plums.

Mirabelle Plums are also known as cherry plums due to their size; these plums are grown in France and are widely used in making jams and jellies.

Pluots have smooth red skin, and their flesh has a tinge of yellow.

Black Beauty Plum is Japanese plum, its skin color is dark purple-red, and its flesh color is bright yellow. These plums have both sweetness and tartness.

Plumcots are hybrid of plums and apricots where plum qualities are more. Plumcots are harvested in July and August. They are used in jams, mint salsa, pickles. These plums have red flesh.

Greengage Plum is surprisingly sweet for its yellow-green to bright lime color. These plums have the most sugar content among all types of plums. These are sold in summers and used in the making of ice creams, cakes and jams.

Damson Plum is a European plum. It has purplish-blue skin, yellowish-green flesh, and tart-flavored skin. These plums have a sour taste. Damson plums are harvested from late August to October.

French Prunes are a European plum variety that is great when dried to make prunes. It has purple skin and dark amber flesh. These plums are harvested in late summers. These are tart when firm and sweet when soft.

Myrobalan Plums are also called cherry plums because of their similar small, red or yellow, and round-shaped cherries. These are mainly grown on backyard farms.

Friar Plum is another variety of Japanese plums. These plums are juicy and sweet. It has light amber skin and orangey-amber flesh.

Elephant Heart Plum is a variety of Japanese plums shaped like a heart, and it is the largest stone fruit. These plums have dark red to purple skin and red flesh.

One of the plum facts is that plums can be as large as baseball and as small as cherries.

Health Benefits Of Plum

Plums are a good source of many nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, folate. The vitamins in plums are beneficial for healing the body, forming blood vessels, building muscle. Plums are good for our skin and eyes too. Plum contains a high quantity of antioxidants which is very important in preventing many diseases by protecting the body against tissue and cell damage. Plums can be included in our diet for overall physical and mental well-being.

According to research done on animals, dried plums help in reducing bone loss and may even reverse it in some cases.

Plum contains a lot of fiber, which helps control blood sugar spikes after meals.

Plums have antioxidant substances that help prevent cancer, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's.

Plums contain sorbitol, and sorbitol acts as a natural laxative that can provide relief from constipation.

Plums are beneficial for our cardiovascular health. Excessive sodium in our bodies could lead to heart stroke and high blood pressure. Potassium in plums helps in removing sodium from our bodies when we pee.

The antioxidants in plums help in the betterment of our mental health; the higher the antioxidants better the mental health.

Consuming plums are beneficial in developing muscle.

The vitamins in plums help in preventing cataracts and eye muscle degeneration.

Replacing sugary desserts with plums helps us to control our sugar cravings.

Plums can aid digestion.

Our skin is one of the essential organs of our body. The antioxidants in plums keep our skin healthy and firm, preventing skin from cancer too.

Consuming plums helps in boosting our immunity.

Due to the low calories and low sugar levels in plum, it can help in losing weight.

Plum wine contains several antioxidants and minerals required by our bodies. Plum wine contains very few histamines. Histamines cause headaches after drinking alcohol.

Plums can be easily added to our diets. They can be added to our desserts, salads, and smoothies.

Plums improve blood circulation.

Plums can also prevent asthma and the growth of tumors.

Plums are delicious to consume and require very little to no effort to include in our diets. Plums are readily available in markets, or else we could replace plums with prunes which are available all around the year.

FAQs

What are the health benefits of plums?

There are many health benefits of plums. Plums reduce blood sugar, provide relief from constipation, helps with bone health, helps in reducing anxiety, improve vision, and more.

Why are plums called plums?

The word plum is derived from old English 'plum, plum tree' or 'plume.' In the 18th century, the word plum was used to describe something desirable.

What symbolizes plum?

The plum symbolizes hope, renewal, and vitality, according to the Japanese. For the Chinese, plum blossoms symbolize hope and perseverance as well as a beauty thriving in difficult circumstances.

What is the English name of plum fruit?

Prunus domestica is the scientific name of the fruit plum. Dried plums are called prunes.

Is plum fruit good for weight loss?

Plums are stone fruits. Stone fruits include peaches, cherries, plums, nectarines, and apricots. Stone fruits are low-calorie, contain low glycemic index levels, and are rich in nutrients like vitamin A and C, which helps as a good choice for people trying to lose weight.

Can we eat plum at night?

The nutrients in plums and dried plums, to name a few, are calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B6 help in making the sleep-regulating hormone melatonin. Eat prunes (dried plums) 30 minutes before bedtime by topping them on toast or eating them on their own to have a healthy sleep.

Is plum good for skin?

Plums contain vitamin C in abundance, so when we consume the plums, our body develops anti-inflammatory and free radical particles, which evens our skin tone. It also helps with firming the skin, reduces wrinkles, improves skin complexion, reduces blemishes, reduces acne, repairs sun-damaged skin, and can be helpful with other skin issues.

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Kidadl Team

The Kidadl Team is made up of people from different walks of life, from different families and backgrounds, each with unique experiences and nuggets of wisdom to share with you. From lino cutting to surfing to children’s mental health, their hobbies and interests range far and wide. They are passionate about turning your everyday moments into memories and bringing you inspiring ideas to have fun with your family.

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