Philip Birthday & Fun Facts

Height, Age, Net Worth, Biography & More

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Jan 30, 2024 By Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason
Originally Published on Aug 25, 2022
Edited by Lara Simpson
Fact-checked by Chandan Shukla
Philip V of Spain ruled from 1700 to 1746.
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Read time: 8.3 Min

About Philip V of Spain

Philip V is a well-known king of Spain and the first Bourbon king.

Charles II, who was his grand-uncle, named him his successor and King of Spain in his will. However, this triggered the Spanish succession war.

In January 1924, he gave up the Spanish throne to Louis I, his eldest son. Although the exact reason for the abdication remains unknown, some historians and experts are of the opinion that the King was suffering from melancholy, due to which he experienced severe depression that prevented him from carrying out his regular duties.

However, Louis reigned only for seven months as he died of smallpox. As Philip's next son, Ferdinand, was still a child, he took over the rule of the Spanish empire once again and continued to rule until he died in 1946. Hence, in the book by Henry Kamen about this ruler, which is published by Yale University Press, he is referred to as the 'The King Who Reigned Twice.'

On July 9, 1746, Philip V died in Madrid and was buried near Segovia at the Royal Palace, which was his favorite and where he and his second wife had spent most of their time. He was succeeded by his second son Ferdinand VI.

Childhood And Education

Philip V was called Philippe, the Duke of Anjou, at the time of his birth into the French Royal Family. Born on December 19, 1683, in the Palace of Versailles in France, his father was Louis, the Grand Dauphin, who was supposed to succeed King Louis XIV on the French throne. However, he died before this could happen. Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria was his mother. She was also known as Dauphine Victoire.

His grandparents were the King of France, Louis XIV, and his wife, Maria Theresa, the Queen of France. Maria Theresa was the daughter of Philip IV, who was the King of the Spanish empire at that time.

Louis, who was the Duke of Burgundy and the heir to the French throne, was his older brother. Charles, known as the Duke of Berry, was his younger brother.

Louise de Prie, a woman of noble birth, was his governess, and the Archbishop of Cambrai, François Fénelon, was his tutor. He and his brothers were also taught by a prominent official in the King's court Paul de Beauvilliers.

Philip established the dynasty that came to be known as the House of Bourbon.

Charles II, who had become the King of Spain after the death of Philip IV, was the stepbrother of his grandmother Maria Theresa. Charles II had no children, so he named Philip the King of Spain in his will. This is how Philip ascended the Spanish throne.

Family And Relationship

In 1701, Philip V, who was nearly 18 years old, got married to Maria Luisa of Savoy, who was chosen for him by King Louis XIV, Philip's grandfather. Her parents were Anne Marie D'Orleans and the Duke of Savoy, Amadeus II. The official ceremony was held on September 11.

Maria Luísa was much loved by the people and ruled as regent in the absence of her husband. In 1702, at the age of 14, she ruled for about nine months when Philip V was visiting the Italian domains. She also played a key role as an adviser during the War of Spanish Succession. Although, some sources say that the queen was controlled and manipulated by Princess des Ursins a spy of Louis XIV in the Spanish Court.

In 1714, when she was 26 years old, Maria Luisa died of tuberculosis.

Philip V and Maira Luisa were the parents of four sons. Louis I of Spain succeeded his father when he abdicated the throne in 1724. However, he ruled as King of Spain for just seven months as he died of smallpox. Hence, Philip V returned to the Spanish throne.

Ferdinand VI of Spain ascended the Spanish throne after the death of Philip V in 1746.

The other two sons of Philip V and Maria Luisa, Philip and Infante Philip of Spain died when they were children. Philip was just a few days old, and Infante Philip was about seven years old.

King Philip V of Spain then got married for the second time to Elisabeth Farnese, also known as Elisabeth of Parma. Her parents were Dorothea Sophie of the Palatinate and Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma. At the time of the marriage, Philip was 31 years old, and Elisabeth was 22. This alliance was made by the Italian cardinal who was serving in Spain at the time, Cardinal Alberoni, in consultation with Princesse des Ursins who was in charge of running the Spanish royal house.

Elizabeth and Philip spent most of their time in La Granja and had six children. Their three daughters were Infanta Mariana Victoria, Infanta Maria Teresa, and Infanta Maria Antonia, who married the King of Portugal, King Joseph I.

Their son Charles III was their eldest child and became the King of Spain in 1759 after the death of his stepbrother Ferdinand VI. Infante Philip and Infante Louis, the other sons, became the Archbishop of Toledo.

Career And Professional Highlights

Best Known For…

Philip V is best known for establishing the Bourbon dynasty and was the first ruler of this House. He is also said to have been the monarch that ruled over Spain for the longest time. Given below are a few highlights of his reign.

Although some historians and experts are critical of this monarch's reign as they believe he sided mainly with the French, Philip V was instrumental in introducing many reforms that helped to promote various industries in Spain. The focus on agriculture was increased, which resulted in fewer epidemic outbreaks and famines. Shipbuilding was another industry that came to the forefront, and this resulted in the Navy being rebuilt. The Navy fleet had been destroyed at the start of the Spanish succession war in 1702 at Vigo.

Other industries that thrived under his reign were those in the Guadalajara region that produced cloth and the San Ildefonso glass production units. He also encouraged trade with the American colonies that were under Spanish rule and founded organizations such as the Havana Company and, in Caracas, the Guipuzcoana Company.

He also built roads and canals and boosted the strength of the armed forces. Some of the well-known ministers in his court were José Patiño and Melchor de Macanaz, who were from Spain, and Jean Orry, a minister from France.

The laws that he set up came to be known as the Nueva Planta. Through these, the monarchy was made the central power, and regional governance and privileges were curbed.

This also established a few educational institutions, such as Cervera University. The Seminary of Nobles, located in the Spanish city of Madrid, was also set up by him.

This ruler of Spain was also a part of a few famous wars and battles. Some of the wars that King Philip was involved in were the War of Polish Succession, in which he regained the territories of Sicily and Naples.

The Austrian Succession war against the Ottomans helped him to get back Oran in Algeria and Austria.

Another famous war that this monarch was a part of and which started when he ascended the throne was the Spanish Succession War. This battle which began in 1701 and lasted for 13 years until 1714, was prompted by the death of Charles II.

When Charles II died, Charles the Archduke of Austria and the brother of the Austrian Emperor declared himself the legitimate King. Charles was also the son of the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold, who was married to another step-sister of Charles II, just like the grandfather of Philip V.

However, according to the will of the deceased, King Charles was supposed to head the Spanish monarchy. This resulted in the war that was fought between Philip V and Charles, the Archduke of Austria. Other European powers that were also involved in this conflict were Great Britain and the Dutch Republic.

In 1710, the Anglo-Austrian Catalan army was defeated, and by 1714 Philip took control of the Spanish city of Barcelona, thus ending the war.

One of his faults as a king was to employ many retainers. These were paid very high salaries. However, they did not help with the day-to-day administrative duties of the kingdom but were mostly hired to take care of the King and his family. Thus, in 1939, Spain declared itself bankrupt.

Other Interesting Philip V of Spain Facts And Trivia

  • When the Royal Council agreed that Philip should be the King of Spain, the Spanish ambassador came to pay him his respects and made a speech in Spanish. However, Philip did not understand any of it as he did not know Spanish and had just begun his classes that day.
  • As Philip ordered Xàtiva, a city in eastern Spain, to be burned to the ground and renamed San Felipe after he won the Battle of Almansa, which was a part of the Spanish Succession War, a portrait of him in the museum has been hung upside down.
  • A statue of Philip V that was set up in Lima, Peru, which was a part of the Spanish Empire at that time of his reign, was destroyed in the same month in 1746 when the King passed away.
  • Parts of modern-day Texas in the United States which was then known as the New Philippines, were named to honor this Spanish King in 1716.
  • He was also known by the nickname El Animoso because of his seemingly endless energy.
  • According to sources, the only person who could calm and soothe Philip when he was suffering from depression and other mental issues was Farinelli, a classical singer. He would perform with other musicians every night for the King.

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Philip Birthday & Fun Facts Facts

Date of Birth

1683-12-19

Nationality

French

Place of Birth

Versailles

Age

Occupation

King of Spain

Partner

Elizabeth

Parents

Louis, Grand Dauphin,Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria

Siblings

Duke of Burgundy and Charles, Duke of Berry
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Sources

www.thefamouspeople.comen-academic.combiography.yourdictionary.comen.wikipedia.orgwww.encyclopedia.com

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Written by Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason

Bachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

Adekunle Olanrewaju Jason picture

Adekunle Olanrewaju JasonBachelor of Science specializing in Mass Communication.

With over 3+ years of professional experience, Olanrewaju is a certified SEO Specialist and Content Writer. He holds a BSc in Mass Communication from the University of Lagos. Throughout his dynamic career, Olanrewaju has successfully taken on various roles with startups and established organizations. He has served as a Technical Writer, Blogger, SEO Specialist, Social Media Manager, and Digital Marketing Manager. Known for his hardworking nature and insightful approach, Olanrewaju is dedicated to continuous learning and improvement.
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